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# While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the

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Director
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Re: While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the [#permalink]

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01 Oct 2009, 15:55
I keep on getting this question wrong.
My error: IDENTIFYING the subject I guess..

A. all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominating industries and the regulatory environment of the states obviously determines

all states face each word is plural.determines
singular.Therefore S-V error.

Similar is B and C.Left with D and E.

In the above posts but,The S-V comaprision is being made with the predominating industries and the regulatory environment .Please explain why.
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Re: While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the [#permalink]

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01 Oct 2009, 20:58
The verb “determine” here is referring specifically to the industries and regulatory environment. Ask yourself “what is determining the types of waste amounts produced?” your answer should be the industries and regulatory environment, which directly preceeds "determine".

And as others have mentioned this immediately cuts out everything but B and E.

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24 Aug 2010, 09:06
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Great point GMATBLACKBELT!

But it is not just parallelism. While the OG explanation sticks to the S/V agreement issue. You have given a new dimension to the answer and now it would be safe to say that E is correct because of both SV and ||ism.

Regards

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24 Aug 2010, 09:22
E it is ..
Its a clear SV aggrement question.

Great point GMATBLACKBELT! Nice observation

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While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the [#permalink]

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11 Aug 2011, 17:50
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While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominating industries and the regulatory environment of the states obviously determines the types and amounts of waste produced, as well as the cost of disposal.

a) The same as underlined sentence

b) each state faces a similar industrial waste problem, their predominant industries and regulatory environment obviously determine

c) all states face a similar industrial waste problem; their predominating industries and regulatory environment obviously determines

d) each state face similar industrial waste problems, the predominant industries and the regulatory environment of each state obviously determines

e) all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominant industries and the regulartory environment of each state obviously determine

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Re: Pls explain this, it has not been discussed before. [#permalink]

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11 Aug 2011, 18:46
1. No need of while.
2. the predominating industries and the regulatory environment of the state - 2 identities. so plural verb. We want "determine"

So E is correct one.

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Re: Pls explain this, it has not been discussed before. [#permalink]

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11 Aug 2011, 19:41
I'm sorry, while is not included in the underline sentence.

piyatiwari wrote:
1. No need of while.
2. the predominating industries and the regulatory environment of the state - 2 identities. so plural verb. We want "determine"

So E is correct one.

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Re: Pls explain this, it has not been discussed before. [#permalink]

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11 Aug 2011, 20:25
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Two - step solution; 1. ‘Determines’ is wrong- ACD are gone. In B, each state and the pronoun ‘their’ do not tally. Hence, E is correct
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Re: Pls explain this, it has not been discussed before. [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2011, 05:09
Quote:
While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominating industries and the regulatory environment of the states obviously determines the types and amounts of waste produced, as well as the cost of disposal.

a) The same as underlined sentence

b) each state faces a similar industrial waste problem, their predominant industries and regulatory environment obviously determine

c) all states face a similar industrial waste problem; their predominating industries and regulatory environment obviously determines

d) each state face similar industrial waste problems, the predominant industries and the regulatory environment of each state obviously determines

e) all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominant industries and the regulartory environment of each state obviously determine

The important usage here is of similar. We cannot say each of you is similar. All of you are similar is the correct version.
Hence, B, and D are out.
subject verb agreement issues - we have a compound subject here the industries and the regulatory environment. This is a plural subject, the correct verb is determine.
A and E are out.
There is also an issue of pronouns here. Something to fall back on if the use of similar were not known to us.
choice B uses a plural pronoun their for singular subject each - disagreement.
and D has determines error.
Hence the correct answer is E
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Re: Pls explain this, it has not been discussed before. [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2011, 10:31
also, pay attention to ; in C.
One take-away here is that whenever you see a ; on the GMAT sentence correction choice, check if both the sides of the ; are complete sentence.
This is something very important because we often happen to miss the punctuation!
Choice C is actually a fragment.
Without knowing that similar can be used only with all and not with each, we can solve the question using subject-verb agreement grammar. the compound sub would need determine as explained earlier. So out of choices B and E, we can actually select a choice based on correct meaning. It would be wrong to say that - Although all Xs are similar, their Ys determine their blah blah. The point is to provide a contrast. So it would be more correct to say that - although all Xs are similar, each one's Y determines blah blah. Hope that makes sense!
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Re: Pls explain this, it has not been discussed before. [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2011, 20:49
Jasontuyj2012 wrote:
While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominating industries and the regulatory environment of the states obviously determines the types and amounts of waste produced, as well as the cost of disposal.

a) The same as underlined sentence

b) each state faces a similar industrial waste problem, their predominant industries and regulatory environment obviously determine

c) all states face a similar industrial waste problem; their predominating industries and regulatory environment obviously determines

d) each state face similar industrial waste problems, the predominant industries and the regulatory environment of each state obviously determines

e) all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominant industries and the regulartory environment of each state obviously determine

A, C and D out. Between B and E, B is awkward.

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Re: Pls explain this, it has not been discussed before. [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2011, 01:32
One more way to eliminate B based on Meaning.

Jasontuyj2012 wrote:
While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominating industries and the regulatory environment of the states obviously determines the types and amounts of waste produced, as well as the cost of disposal.

a) The same as underlined sentence

b) each state faces a similar industrial waste problem, their predominant industries and regulatory environment obviously determine
This means each state faces 1 problem which is similar. Question says, each state face multiple problems which are similar.

c) all states face a similar industrial waste problem; their predominating industries and regulatory environment obviously determines

d) each state face similar industrial waste problems, the predominant industries and the regulatory environment of each state obviously determines

e) all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominant industries and the regulartory environment of each state obviously determine

OA E.
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Re: While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2012, 08:24
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I have chosen E for the answer:

The main point of this sentence is to compare the industrial problems that "ALL STATES" have with the industries and regulatory environment of "EACH STATE."

A. There is SV agreement error here. The subject of the sentence is the compound subject "The predominating industries and the regulatory environment." Therefore, the plural verb "determine" must be used for agreement. Also, the answer has omitted "each state." This leads to some confusion because we are trying to compare what occurs in "all states" to what occurs in "each state."

B. The pronoun "their" does not have an antecedent because "each state" is singular.

C. There is subject verb agreement error here - the plural subject and singular "determines" do not agree. Also, the use of the semicolon creates a fragment because "while" introduces a subordinate clause, which must be connected to an independent clause.

D. Again, we have subject verb agreement error here.

E. This sentence accurately describes the contrast between "all states" and "each state." Also, the plural subject and plural verb are in agreement.

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Re: While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2012, 12:14
Was between D&E
Answer should be E. "Determine" settled it.

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Re: While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2012, 12:48
While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominating industries and regulatory environment of the states obviously determines the types and amounts of waste produced, as well as the cost of disposal.

(A) all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominating industries and regulatory environment of the states obviously determines and demands plural form - determine.
(B) each state faces a similar industrial waste problem, their predominant industries and regulatory environment obviously determine each state demands its and not their.
(C) all states face a similar industrial waste problem, their predominating industries and regulatory environment obviously determines and demands plural form - determine.
(D) each state faces similar industrial waste problems, the predominant industries and regulatory environment of each state obviously determines and demands plural form - determine.
(E) all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominant industries and the regulatory environment of each state obviously determine

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Re: Pls explain this, it has not been discussed before. [#permalink]

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03 May 2013, 07:37
[/quote]

The important usage here is of similar. We cannot say each of you is similar. All of you are similar is the correct version.
Hence, B, and D are out.
subject verb agreement issues - we have a compound subject here the industries and the regulatory environment. This is a plural subject, the correct verb is determine.
A and E are out.
There is also an issue of pronouns here. Something to fall back on if the use of similar were not known to us.
choice B uses a plural pronoun their for singular subject each - disagreement.
and D has determines error.
Hence the correct answer is E [/quote]

hI DAAGH,
i have 2 doubts in this...

firstly===>apart from all errors....the predominating industries and the regulatory environment====>is this also a parallelism error in option A and C.?

secondly ====>as per OG 13 explanation in option C SEMICOLON creates a fragment...but as per my understanding.

c) all states face a similar industrial waste problem; their predominating industries and regulatory environment obviously determines

clearly we have subject verb pair and moreover both the clause seems to be independent...so i am unable to figure out the fragment...
please suggest where i am wrong....
although i am neglecting the singular verb determines as an error...

SKM
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Re: While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the [#permalink]

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03 May 2013, 10:12
SKM
Quote:
2. apart from all errors....the predominating industries and the regulatory environment====>is this also a parallelism error in option A and C.?

I see no parallelism error in the given phrase. Predominating is an adjective that modifies industries and regulatory is an adjective that modifies environment. So, no issue about//ism
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While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the [#permalink]

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03 May 2013, 10:24
SKM,
Your problem is because of wrong transcription. The correct one is:
While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominating industries and the regulatory environment of the states obviously determines the types and amounts of waste produced, as well as the cost of disposal.

a) The same as underlined sentence

b) each state faces a similar industrial waste problem, their predominant industries and regulatory environment obviously determine

c) all states face a similar industrial waste problem; their predominating industries and regulatory environment obviously determines

d) each state face similar industrial waste problems, the predominant industries and the regulatory environment of each state obviously determines

e) all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominant industries and the regulatory environment of each state obviously determine

The word’ while’ falls under the non-underline. So please read all choices with ‘while]; In C, the first clause is a subordinate clause. But a subordinate clause is always followed by a comma and a main clause. In this case, it intervened by a semicolon. A subordinate clause that does not have a proper main clause of its own but that which loosely hangs is also called a fragment, apart from the subject-less or the verb-less clauses that are also normally called fragments
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Last edited by daagh on 14 Jan 2017, 02:57, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2014, 08:41
JAI HIND wrote:
While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominating industries and regulatory environment of the states obviously determines the types and amounts of waste produced, as well as the cost of disposal.

(A) all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominating industries and regulatory environment of the states obviously determines
(B) each state faces a similar industrial waste problem, their predominant industries and regulatory environment obviously determine
(C) all states face a similar industrial waste problem, their predominating industries and regulatory environment obviously determines
(D) each state faces similar industrial waste problems, the predominant industries and regulatory environment of each state obviously determines
(E) all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominant industries and the regulatory environment of each state obviously determine

While creates a subordinate clause, thus we need to focus on the main clause, which follows the first one.

The point here is to notice that the "and" creates a plural, so our subject is "industries & environment", in other words PLURAL (determine, not determines). A, C and D gone.

Next, we COULD focus on the subordinate clauses of B and E but this gives us nothing: Both B and E have correct subject-verb agreement (each state faces/all states face). However, the "their" in B is wrong since state is singular. "Their" erroneously refers to state, at best, and nothing at all at worst.

In E, "the...of... each state" is a correct strucutre. Thus B gone and we're left with E.

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Re: While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the [#permalink]

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Re: While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the   [#permalink] 05 Mar 2014, 09:31

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