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While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have

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While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2004, 08:34
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While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appears to have been the second most massive dinosaur that ever lived.

A. huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appears to have been
B. huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appear to be from
C. it appears that paleontologists have found huge fossil bones that are from
D. paleontologists have found huge fossil bones from what appears to be
E. paleontologists have found huge fossil bones, which are from what appear to be
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2004, 08:49
D.

ABC out because paleantologits did the digging.
"what appears" is the correct verb.

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Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2004, 10:35
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It is raining.

The "it" here is a pronoun referring to "raining", followed by linking verb (is). This type of sentence is either singular or plural based on the noun that follows.
You should read this as "Raining is happening" or alike.

Similar pronouns = It, what, which, there
Linking verbs = be, seem, appear

Singular: I see what appears to be a dead tree (dead tree appears to be the one I see)
Plural: He sometimes makes what seem to be thoughtless mistakes. (Thoughtless mistakes seem to the ones that he sometimes makes)

In your original sentence, "what" refers to dinousour (singular) and hence appears is apt.

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While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2012, 05:29
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While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appears to have been the second most massive dinosaur that ever lived.

A. huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appears to have been
B. huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appear to be from
C. it appears that paleontologists have found huge fossil bones that are from
D. paleontologists have found huge fossil bones from what appears to be
E. paleontologists have found huge fossil bones, which are from what appear to be

OA
[Reveal] Spoiler:
D

Last edited by Jp27 on 01 Nov 2012, 21:38, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2012, 06:19
A,B and C can be eliminated for improper modifiers. Between D and E, will go with D because dinosaur is singular. However, D also seems to convey the meaning that the bones were found from the dinosaur. Expert opinion would shed some light.

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Last edited by MacFauz on 01 Nov 2012, 06:23, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2012, 06:21
Jp27 wrote:
While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appears to have been the second most massive dinosaur that ever lived.

A. huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appears to have been
B. huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appear to be from
C. it appears that paleontologists have found huge fossil bones that are from
D. paleontologists have found huge fossil bones from what appears to be
E. paleontologists have found huge fossil bones, which are from what appear to be

OA after some discussion .....

A ,which refers to paleontologists....meaning wise it should refer to bones
B for the same reasons
C Place holder "it" used to post infinitive or that clause, the usage is inocrrect
D SV agreement problem...what is subject of the verb appears...no singular subject
E Correct...
What is the OA..

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Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2012, 06:38
davidfrank wrote:
Jp27 wrote:
While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appears to have been the second most massive dinosaur that ever lived.

A. huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appears to have been
B. huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appear to be from
C. it appears that paleontologists have found huge fossil bones that are from
D. paleontologists have found huge fossil bones from what appears to be
E. paleontologists have found huge fossil bones, which are from what appear to be

OA after some discussion .....

A ,which refers to paleontologists....meaning wise it should refer to bones
B for the same reasons
C Place holder "it" used to post infinitive or that clause, the usage is inocrrect
D SV agreement problem...what is subject of the verb appears...no singular subject
E Correct...
What is the OA..

As the above poster has noted, we need appearS because of "dinosaur"

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Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2012, 12:41
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bxn D n E :

D : paleontologists have found bones...........from X

E : paleontologists have found bones......... which are from X

guess we don't need the extra WHICH in E, as the intent is clear even without which and unambiguously refers back to FOSSIL BONES.

2nd split :

D : P have found bones................from what ?...............from the massive dinosaur ( singular ) : thus the verb should match in no ie APPEARS ( singular )

P have found bones ...... From ..................(what APPEARS to be )....................the massive Dinosaur

appears n dinosaur MATCH

thus D wins wrt sv agreement

my understanding.

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Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2012, 12:57
I'm not the master in SC but have several ideas
I think we can easily eliminate A,B,C and try to find mistake in E.

the first thing we see is wordiness
which are from what appear to be

from what appears to be - sounds better
sure it may be asked where is the subject but I linked it to dinosaur

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Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2012, 16:09
Jp27 wrote:
While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appears to have been the second most massive dinosaur that ever lived.

A. huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appears to have been
B. huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appear to be from
C. it appears that paleontologists have found huge fossil bones that are from
D. paleontologists have found huge fossil bones from what appears to be
E. paleontologists have found huge fossil bones, which are from what appear to be

OA after some discussion .....

Jp27, Can you post OA? also underline the original sentence? Thanks !!!

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Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2013, 20:22
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The OA is D. B is passive and the GMAT prefers active form. Hence D

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Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2015, 12:06
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2015, 14:47
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Between D and E, one major issue is 'appears' vs 'appear'

the bones are from what appear to be the largest ...

Appear needs to be singular here since appear is for the largest dinosaur....

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Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2015, 04:33
The fossils were not digging. Eliminate A,B,C

Out of D and E.

", which ........" modifies whatever is just before the comma. In D which modifies bones. But bones are not the Dinosaurs. Had it been bones of T-Rex, the statement would have made sense

Hence E
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Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have [#permalink]

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23 Jul 2016, 04:06
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2016, 03:43
While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appears to have been the second most massive dinosaur that ever lived.

A. huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appears to have been
B. huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appear to be from
C. it appears that paleontologists have found huge fossil bones that are from
D. paleontologists have found huge fossil bones from what appears to be
E. paleontologists have found huge fossil bones, which are from what appear to be

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Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2016, 23:02
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2016, 07:13

Meaning is:

- While digging was being done by Ppaleontologists.
- paleontologists found huge fossil bones
- Source of fossil bones is the massive dinosaur (singular)

D sums up the points well

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Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2017, 17:08
Hi mikemcgarry

Here

D: paleontologists have found huge fossil bones from what appears to be

Are we using singular appears because it refers to singular the second most massive dinosaur?

or

what appears to be is idiomatically always singular because appears refers to what, which is unknown and always takes singular form?

Best
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Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2017, 05:32
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TheRzS wrote:
Hi mikemcgarry

Here

D: paleontologists have found huge fossil bones from what appears to be

Are we using singular appears because it refers to singular the second most massive dinosaur?

or

what appears to be is idiomatically always singular because appears refers to what, which is unknown and always takes singular form?

Best
RzS

Your first reasoning is correct. The pronoun "what" refers to "the second most massive dinosaur", which is singular. Hence the verb is also singular "appears".

On the other hand, the verb would be plural "appear", if "what" referred to a plural noun.

... what appear to be two large dinosaurs.... correct.
... what appears to be two large dinosaurs... wrong.

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Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have   [#permalink] 31 Jan 2017, 05:32

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