While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have

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While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2004, 07:34
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While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appears to have been the second most massive dinosaur that ever lived.

A. huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appears to have been
B. huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appear to be from
C. it appears that paleontologists have found huge fossil bones that are from
D. paleontologists have found huge fossil bones from what appears to be
E. paleontologists have found huge fossil bones, which are from what appear to be
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2004, 09:35
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It is raining.

The "it" here is a pronoun referring to "raining", followed by linking verb (is). This type of sentence is either singular or plural based on the noun that follows.
You should read this as "Raining is happening" or alike.

Similar pronouns = It, what, which, there
Linking verbs = be, seem, appear

Singular: I see what appears to be a dead tree (dead tree appears to be the one I see)
Plural: He sometimes makes what seem to be thoughtless mistakes. (Thoughtless mistakes seem to the ones that he sometimes makes)

In your original sentence, "what" refers to dinousour (singular) and hence appears is apt.
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Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2015, 13:47
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Between D and E, one major issue is 'appears' vs 'appear'

the bones are from what appear to be the largest ...

Appear needs to be singular here since appear is for the largest dinosaur....
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Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2004, 07:49
D.

ABC out because paleantologits did the digging.
"what appears" is the correct verb.
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Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2004, 08:39
ABC are out,
I know that D means that "from what appears" reffers to the bones, but is it also true in GMAT land ? with D can't you think that : "have found huge fossil bones from what appears to be" , means the paleontologists found the bone from the dinosaur ?
This is why I choose E - "which" clearly reffers to the bones
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Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2004, 03:27
I'm thinking B , coz the the what, which questions point to the subject which are the bones

what is the OA
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Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2011, 03:08
ABC are out because of misplaced modifier ..

between D and E, D seems concise
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Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2013, 19:22
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The OA is D. B is passive and the GMAT prefers active form. Hence D
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Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2015, 11:06
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2015, 03:33
The fossils were not digging. Eliminate A,B,C

Out of D and E.

", which ........" modifies whatever is just before the comma. In D which modifies bones. But bones are not the Dinosaurs. Had it been bones of T-Rex, the statement would have made sense

Hence E
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Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2016, 22:02
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2016, 06:13

Meaning is:

- While digging was being done by Ppaleontologists.
- paleontologists found huge fossil bones
- Source of fossil bones is the massive dinosaur (singular)

D sums up the points well
Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have   [#permalink] 19 Oct 2016, 06:13
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