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# While Governor Verdant has been in office, the state s

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Manager
Joined: 22 Mar 2010
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While Governor Verdant has been in office, the state s [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2010, 09:39
00:00

Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

43% (01:32) correct 57% (02:18) wrong based on 7 sessions

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While Governor Verdant has been in office, the state’s budget has increased by an average of 6 percent each year. While the previous governor was in office, the state’s budget increased by an average of 11.5 percent each year. Obviously, the austere budgets during Governor Verdant’s term have caused the slowdown in the growth in state spending.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion drawn above?
(A) The rate of inflation in the state averaged 10 percent each year during the previous governor’s term in office and 3 percent each year during Verdant’s term.
(B) Both federal and state income tax rates have been lowered considerably during Verdant’s term in office.
(C) In each year of Verdant’s term in office, the state’s budget has shown some increase in spending over the previous year.
(D) During Verdant’s term in office, the state has either discontinued or begun to charge private citizens for numerous services that the state offered free to citizens during the previous governor’s term.
(E) During the previous governor’s term in office, the state introduced several so-called “austerity” budgets intended to reduce the growth in state spending.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Manager
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GMAT 1: 760 Q49 V44
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04 Jul 2010, 10:24
EnterMatrix wrote:
While Governor Verdant has been in office, the state’s budget has increased by an average of 6 percent each year. While the previous governor was in office, the state’s budget increased by an average of 11.5 percent each year. Obviously, the austere budgets during Governor Verdant’s term have caused the slowdown in the growth in state spending.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion drawn above?
(A) The rate of inflation in the state averaged 10 percent each year during the previous governor’s term in office and 3 percent each year during Verdant’s term.
(B) Both federal and state income tax rates have been lowered considerably during Verdant’s term in office.
(C) In each year of Verdant’s term in office, the state’s budget has shown some increase in spending over the previous year.
(D) During Verdant’s term in office, the state has either discontinued or begun to charge private citizens for numerous services that the state offered free to citizens during the previous governor’s term.
(E) During the previous governor’s term in office, the state introduced several so-called “austerity” budgets intended to reduce the growth in state spending.

Definitely A. Choice A simply refutes what is stated in the original prompt, showing that Verdant has actually been increasing the rate of growth in state spending.
Governor Verdant = 6% - 3% = 3% growth per year
Previous governor = 11.5% - 10% = 1.5% growth per year

This new data most definitely weakens the conclusion.

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Manager
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05 Jul 2010, 11:40
Yup...makes sense! Thanks

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Manager
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05 Jul 2010, 13:39
Definitely A

B - decrease in taxation does not necessarily affect budgets
C - the degree of increase must be taken into account
D - changes in government revenue do not necessarily affect budgets
E - supports the argument

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Manager
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06 Jul 2010, 11:14
OA is A

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Senior Manager
Joined: 23 May 2010
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06 Jul 2010, 19:48
marked C ...

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Re: Critical Reasoning   [#permalink] 06 Jul 2010, 19:48
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