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# While Jackie Robinson was a Brooklyn Dodger, his courage in

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While Jackie Robinson was a Brooklyn Dodger, his courage in [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2011, 03:55
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While Jackie Robinson was a Brooklyn Dodger, his courage in the face of physical
threats and verbal attacks was not unlike that of Rosa Parks, who refused to move to the
back of a bus in Montgomery, Alabama.
(A) not unlike that of Rosa Parks, who refused
(B) not unlike Rosa Parks, who refused
(C) like Rosa Parks and her refusal
(D) like that of Rosa Parks for refusing
(E) as that of Rosa Parks, who refused
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17 Mar 2011, 05:15
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Though unusual for using a double negative such as 'not unlike' to denote a positive factor “like”, A is the best of the choices as all others fault on various counts;
B and C are comparing courage to Rosa Parks
D, uses a gerund ‘for refusing’ and muddles up the meaning by not making clear who exactly did not move to the back of the bus, whether Jackie or Rosa
E uses as for comparing nouns
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18 Mar 2011, 00:25
its weird to see "not unlike", but I suppose you should treat it as it's opposite "like"...otherwise it sounds good.

My first choice was D...however, "for refusing" is awkward and "who refused" perfectly described Rosa Parks....so outside of the double negative A is correct
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18 Mar 2011, 19:32
+1 A

In D, could we understand that the courage is refusing?
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18 Mar 2011, 20:35
whichscore wrote:
While Jackie Robinson was a Brooklyn Dodger, his courage in the face of physical
threats and verbal attacks was not unlike that of Rosa Parks, who refused to move to the
back of a bus in Montgomery, Alabama.
(A) not unlike that of Rosa Parks, who refused
(B) not unlike Rosa Parks, who refused
(C) like Rosa Parks and her refusal
(D) like that of Rosa Parks for refusing
(E) as that of Rosa Parks, who refused

Hi Daag,
I understand D is wrong coz it changes the meaning. In this sentence for refusing to move to the back of a bus in Montgomery, Alabama is a prepositional phrase. Prep phrase can either act as adverbial modifier or adjectival modifier so In this sentence can't we assume that it modifies the subject Jackie Robinson rather than Rosa I dont understand why you think its ambiguous.
for e.g
Though the study is not large, with results that can be generalized, it provides a successful framework that could be used by other pharmacies to develop similar programs.

with results that can be generalized modifies the study. Am I missing sth... Please clarify
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19 Mar 2011, 03:08
IMO, an adjectival modifier that modifies a subject noun must be placed either before the noun it modifies and set off with commas or at least be closer than another potential contender. In D, as you may see, the prepositional phrase is far removed from the subject and more importantly tacked on to Rosa without being set off by a comma, implying that the refusal is an essential feature of Rosa Parks. Can therefore the prep. phrase go out of the way to modify the subject? I think a genuine modifier should be above such infringements

Quote:
Though the study is not large, with results that can be generalized, it provides a successful framework that could be used by other pharmacies to develop similar programs

The difference between this quote and the text is that, in the text, there are two contenders for the modifier while in the quote, there is only one study, which doesn’t give any room for ambiguity. To put things more explicitly, let me slightly alter the context of the content and see what happens

Quote:
Though the study is not as large as another study conducted by a rival firm with results that can be generalized, it provides a successful framework that could be used by other pharmacies to develop similar programs

Now with an intrusion by another study and with the prepositional modifier unset-off from the intruder, which is study is more eligible to be modified?
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Re: While Jackie Robinson was a Brooklyn Dodger, his courage in [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2013, 10:42
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Re: While Jackie Robinson was a Brooklyn Dodger, his courage in [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2015, 04:50
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: While Jackie Robinson was a Brooklyn Dodger, his courage in [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2016, 14:24
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: While Jackie Robinson was a Brooklyn Dodger, his courage in   [#permalink] 02 Aug 2016, 14:24
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