While political discourse and the media in the United States : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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While political discourse and the media in the United States

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While political discourse and the media in the United States [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2012, 07:52
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A
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C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

63% (02:19) correct 37% (02:31) wrong based on 133 sessions

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While political discourse and the media in the United States have focused on the rise of job outsourcing, few have mentioned the sharp fall of talent “insourcing,” or the drop in enrollment of foreign-born graduate students since 2001, and its dire results. The decrease in such insourcing will hurt America’s competitiveness in basic research and applied technology, with serious consequences for years to come. The de-internationalization of graduate programs across the country will also negatively affect the global outlook and experience of the American students remaining in those programs; they will not have the opportunity to learn about foreign cultures directly from members of those cultures. What distinguishes the decline of talent insourcing from the rise of job outsourcing is that the former can be easily rectified by a policy change of the United States government.

The answer to which of the following questions would be most useful in evaluating the author’s claim regarding the impact of decreased insourcing in America?

A. What is the cost to reverse the trend of insourcing in America?

B. How does insourcing replace domestic jobs lost from outsourcing?

C. Since 2001, what has been the decrease in the number of foreign-born students in America?

D. What opportunities do American graduate students have to interact regularly with foreigners who are not students?

E. What effect would a government policy have on the number of foreign graduate students?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Political Discourse [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2012, 09:20
Look for answer choice which relates to this sentence in given passage "they will not have the opportunity to learn about foreign cultures directly from members of those cultures. "

Answer is D.
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Re: Political Discourse [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2012, 11:12
but shouldn't it be C. It directly asks about the decrease in student enrolment.
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Re: Political Discourse [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2012, 19:24
The question asks for "the impact of decreased insourcing in America " which in the given passage, the authors related to cultural knowledge learned from foreign students.

C doesn't talk about that.
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Re: While political discourse and the media in the United States [#permalink]

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New post 12 Feb 2017, 06:31
hi
Why not E ..Can anybody explain....
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While political discourse and the media in the United States [#permalink]

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New post 12 Feb 2017, 22:29
Hi,

The question is concerned about "evaluating the author’s claim regarding the impact of decreased insourcing in America"
Therefore, the key premise here as per the question's language is :

"The de-internationalization of graduate programs across the country will also negatively affect the global outlook and experience of the American students remaining in those programs; they will not have the opportunity to learn about foreign cultures directly from members of those cultures."

The rest of the argument basically becomes additional information.

Only answer D helps in finding a way around.
For option C : knowing the decrease of the foreign-born students wouldn't help with this query.
Option E does come close, however D approaches the question more directly than E.

Please correct me if any of this reasoning is faulty.
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Re: While political discourse and the media in the United States [#permalink]

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New post 13 Feb 2017, 20:38
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let us simplify the argument given --

decreased insourcing --> American students will not have opportunity to learn about foreign cultures --> negatively impact their global outlook --> hurt competitiveness in basic research and applied technology.

let us look at the answer options -

Option A - Incorrect.
Does not matter. As we already know that it can be "easily rectified". Moreover, whatever the cost to reverse the trend is has no impact on the argument that decreased insourcing hurts competitiveness in basic research and technology.

Option B - Incorrect.
The argument has nothing to do with "outsourcing" or even replacing jobs lost to outsourcing.

Option C - Incorrect.
Does not matter. As we already know that drop has been "sharp". Knowing absolute quantities does not add anything new.

Option D - Correct.
Let us supply opposite answers.
1. they have great opportunities. This breaks the chain of reasoning in the argument, especially this - decreased insourcing --> American students will not have opportunity to learn about foreign cultures.

Option E - Incorrect.
Not relevant. Look at the argument again. We are specifically concerned with how decreased insourcing hurts competitiveness in basic research and technology.
How government policies impact insourcing is irrelevant.
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Re: While political discourse and the media in the United States   [#permalink] 13 Feb 2017, 20:38
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