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Senior Manager
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05 Sep 2008, 08:27
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71% (00:49) correct 29% (01:03) wrong based on 2316 sessions

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While some academicians believe that business ethics should be integrated into every business course, others say that students will take ethics seriously only if it would be taught as a separately required course.

A) only if it would be taught as a separately required course
B) only if it is taught as a separate, required course
C) if it is taught only as a course required separately
D) if it was taught only as a separate and required course
E) if it would only be taught as a required course, separately

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Can someone explain why the adverb 'separately' in C is wrong? Thanks!

Source: OG Verbal review, Q78.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Harley1980 on 22 Jun 2015, 08:19, edited 2 times in total.
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05 Sep 2008, 09:37
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asdert wrote:
While some academicians believe that business ethics should be integrated into every business course, others say that students will take ethics seriously only if it would be taught as a separately required course.

A) only if it would be taught as a separately required course
B) only if it is taught as a separate, required course
C) if it is taught only as a course required separately
D) if it was taught only as a separate and required course
E) if it would only be taught as a required course, separately

Can someone explain why the adverb 'separately' in C is wrong? Thanks!

Source: OG Verbal review, Q78.

This is a conditional statement. Remember would never appears in the if clause. A & E out

We need to fix if clause based on the rest of the sentence. will take ethics seriously ( will + base verb means if clause should be in present tense ) D is out

C moves only to the middle of the sentence and changes the meaning by adding the adverb separately.

B correctly uses adjectives to modify the noun and remains

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05 Sep 2008, 09:42
You are right, B is the right answer.

I got to the right answer because of the if/then clause and the positioning of 'only,' but when reading the official explanation I couldn't understand why the adverb in C is wrong. Can you elaborate please?

Thanks!

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05 Sep 2008, 23:33
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asdert wrote:
While some academicians believe that business ethics should be integrated into every business course, others say that students will take ethics seriously only if it would be taught as a separately required course.

A) only if it would be taught as a separately required course -> would is wrong usage with if
B) only if it is taught as a separate, required course -> correct usage
C) if it is taught only as a course required separately -> changes the meaning awkward
D) if it was taught only as a separate and required course -> was is not correct we need present tense
E) if it would only be taught as a required course, separately -> would is wrong

Can someone explain why the adverb 'separately' in C is wrong? Thanks!

Source: OG Verbal review, Q78.

There is a difference between required seperately and seperate ,required course

seperate course and required course
course required seperately changes the meaning
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10 Aug 2011, 08:13
icandy wrote:
asdert wrote:
While some academicians believe that business ethics should be integrated into every business course, others say that students will take ethics seriously only if it would be taught as a separately required course.

A) only if it would be taught as a separately required course
B) only if it is taught as a separate, required course
C) if it is taught only as a course required separately
D) if it was taught only as a separate and required course
E) if it would only be taught as a required course, separately

Can someone explain why the adverb 'separately' in C is wrong? Thanks!

Source: OG Verbal review, Q78.

This is a conditional statement. Remember would never appears in the if clause. A & E out

We need to fix if clause based on the rest of the sentence. will take ethics seriously ( will + base verb means if clause should be in present tense ) D is out

C moves only to the middle of the sentence and changes the meaning by adding the adverb separately.

B correctly uses adjectives to modify the noun and remains

The only worthy one's are B, C - In C seperately (An adverb) is modifying required course ( not an adjective) and also it changes the intended meaning a bit IMO!
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22 Aug 2012, 14:03
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1) While some academicians believe that business ethics should be integrated into every business course, others say that students will take ethics seriously only if it would be taught as a separately required course.

A) only if it would be taught as a separately required course
B) only if it is taught as a separate, required course
C) if it is taught only as a course required separately
D) if it was taught only as a separate and required course
E) if it would only be taught as a required course, separately

please explain the difference between B and C. This question is posted before but i dont understand the difference between B and C

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22 Aug 2012, 14:17
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B is the right one.

Understand the meaning. Removing modifiers and clauses, the sentence simply means "Students will take this subject seriously ONLY if it is taught as separate course."

C is flawed in multiple ways.
- Placement of 'only'
- "course required separately" doesn't mean the same thing as "separate, required course."
- In correct choice separate and required are two modifiers - adjectives - modifying the noun 'course'. Which is the right way.
- In C separately modifies verb require and acts as adverb. - wrong

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22 Aug 2012, 17:55
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The difference between (B) and (C) is the placement of 'only', which changes the meaning. Let's start with (B).

B) only if it is taught as a separate, required course

The meaning of 'ethics will only be taught if...' is that the other alternative would be to not teach ethics. Notice the placement of 'only' is right before 'taught.'

C) if it is taught only as a course required separately

Here the debate is no longer whether ethics will be taught, but how it will be taught. Essentially (C) is saying that ethics will not be taught as a combined course or an integrated course, or any course for that matter. It will taught only as a separate course. This changes the original meaning of the sentence.

Hope that helps!
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27 Aug 2012, 05:54
kudos for Chris. How about ' as separate, required course' in B. Is it acceptable in either standard English or GMAT to omit the conjunction 'and' in this case while neither appears to be a modifier of the other?

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02 Oct 2012, 20:04
asdert wrote:
While some academicians believe that business ethics should be integrated into every business course, others say that students will take ethics seriously only if it would be taught as a separately required course.

A) only if it would be taught as a separately required course
B) only if it is taught as a separate, required course
C) if it is taught only as a course required separately
D) if it was taught only as a separate and required course
E) if it would only be taught as a required course, separately

Can someone explain why the adverb 'separately' in C is wrong? Thanks!

Source: OG Verbal review, Q78.

when I solved this problem, I thought "if it is taught only as a course (Which is) required separately"
in setence above, "required" is verb, and "separately" is adv modified "required"
I don't know what is wrong here.

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04 Oct 2012, 03:29
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Problem here in C is the misplaced modifier ‘only. Normally, the limiting adverb ‘only’ modifies an action that follows it. In this thread –only- modifies the verb of teaching in A and B; whereas in C it modifies the course, which changes the meaning, that the students will take it, if is not taught as a course but as something else such as in a symposium or seminar.
With regard to course required separately, the adverb tends to modify the noun –course-; and modifying a noun is not the function of an adverb; an adverb can only modify a verb or adjective. If it were --separately required course --, then it will be ok, since the adverb –separately- now modifies the adjective required.

In C, the term required is not a verb; it is past participle and adjective modifying the noun -course-.
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Last edited by daagh on 04 Apr 2017, 04:42, edited 1 time in total.

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05 Oct 2012, 03:55
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in gmat sc problem, we alway face at least 2 choices which are correct grammatically and even logically but one of them is wrong because it is not intended meaning.

both C and D are correct grammatically and logically if they stand alone. However, in the original " only if " appears and "only if " is considerd intended meaning and C and D are considered wrong.

experts, pls, discuss this point- about logic and grammatical answer choice but this choice is still wrong because it dose not convey the meaning in the original choice.
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07 Feb 2013, 07:28
when ever we see "if" we have to check whether the correct form of "will" is used.

it is easy to learn the explanation but is harder to get the question right. that is why we need skill. though learning skill is very fast, it is important. how to create skills is what we look for.

applying "whether" check, we can eliminate 3 choices soon.
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19 Nov 2013, 14:53
C, D and E change the meaning.

In A "if it would be" = wrong tense.

IMO B

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20 Nov 2013, 04:49
amgelcer wrote:
In A "if it would be" = wrong tense.

IMO B

Actually A itself is not very clear in terms of meaning, specifically "separately required course". The issue is that "separately" is an adverb, and so, will modify the adjective "required". So, this is suggesting as if it is "separately required".

The logical intent is that ethics should not be integrated but should have two different characteristics:
a) Separate (and not "integrated")
b) Required (basically "compulsory")

So, both "separate" and "required" should be adjectives, modifying the noun "course". Hence, "separate required course" is the correct usage.

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09 Dec 2013, 20:19
I am happy to help!
Rule: If...Then construction.
If Present......Then Present(is/am/are..etc)/May/Will

If Past...........Then Simple Past
Past Perfect......Would have.

So, As per the rule...A,D,E out.
Between B and C. C change the intended meaning.
So, B.

Hope this helps!

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03 May 2014, 03:34
I would like to know whether we can use two items in a series without any conjunction like in this sentence - separate, required course. It sounds a little awkward.
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06 May 2014, 10:57
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Ergenekon wrote:
I would like to know whether we can use two items in a series without any conjunction like in this sentence - separate, required course. It sounds a little awkward.

Dear Ergenekon,

Good question indeed.

Let’s look at another sentence to understand what’s going on in the correct answer to the official question. Consider the following simple sentence:

Emily was a smart, young girl.

In the above sentence, the words smart and young correctly describe the noun girl. Do you agree to that? If yes, do you see how the words smart and required play a similar role in the sentence referred to by you?

Please do let me know what you think.

Regards,
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06 May 2014, 11:18
Yes, thanks a lot for your help.
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06 May 2014, 22:52
Ergenekon wrote:
Yes, thanks a lot for your help.

Glad that you gained clarity on the usage of the two adjectives in the sentence.

Regards,

Neeti.
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