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Senior Manager
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Updated on: 03 May 2019, 02:38
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75% (01:07) correct 25% (01:26) wrong based on 3721 sessions

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While some academicians believe that business ethics should be integrated into every business course, others say that students will take ethics seriously only if it would be taught as a separately required course.

(A) only if it would be taught as a separately required course

(B) only if it is taught as a separate, required course

(C) if it is taught only as a course required separately

(D) if it was taught only as a separate and required course

(E) if it would only be taught as a required course, separately

Can someone explain why the adverb 'separately' in C is wrong? Thanks!

Source: OG Verbal review, Q78.

The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 37
Page: 659

Originally posted by asdert on 05 Sep 2008, 08:27.
Last edited by Bunuel on 03 May 2019, 02:38, edited 5 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Updated on: 16 May 2018, 19:08
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To whom so ever it may concern; On this topic, I have a small note to add

Coordinate adjectives are adjectives that modify a single noun and are not joined by any conjunctions. For example, we say an amazing, mammoth procession. The adjectives ‘amazing and mammoth’ both refer to the procession and are not joined the usual ‘and’. A comma is used to separate both the adjectives, In effect it means an amazing and mammoth procession.

You can use coordinate adjectives only when the adjectives can individually modify the same noun as in the above case. More importantly even if you reverse the order of the adjectives, it should mean the same thing. Whether it is an amazing mammoth procession or a mammoth amazing procession, it means the same.

On the contrary try to reverse the order of the adjectives in the following cases.

I am longing for a hot, lemon tea; I am longing for a lemon, hot tea.

The previous, stout woman cooking in the kitchen is my wife; the stout, previous woman cooking in the kitchen is my wife

You can see the absurdity of reversing the order of the adjectives in the above cases. These are called cumulative adjectives.

Separate, required are coordinate adjectives modifying 'course'. They are legitimate
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Originally posted by daagh on 31 Jan 2011, 04:46.
Last edited by daagh on 16 May 2018, 19:08, edited 1 time in total.
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05 Sep 2008, 09:37
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asdert wrote:
While some academicians believe that business ethics should be integrated into every business course, others say that students will take ethics seriously only if it would be taught as a separately required course.

A) only if it would be taught as a separately required course
B) only if it is taught as a separate, required course
C) if it is taught only as a course required separately
D) if it was taught only as a separate and required course
E) if it would only be taught as a required course, separately

Can someone explain why the adverb 'separately' in C is wrong? Thanks!

Source: OG Verbal review, Q78.

This is a conditional statement. Remember would never appears in the if clause. A & E out

We need to fix if clause based on the rest of the sentence. will take ethics seriously ( will + base verb means if clause should be in present tense ) D is out

C moves only to the middle of the sentence and changes the meaning by adding the adverb separately.

B correctly uses adjectives to modify the noun and remains
General Discussion
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05 Sep 2008, 23:33
1
asdert wrote:
While some academicians believe that business ethics should be integrated into every business course, others say that students will take ethics seriously only if it would be taught as a separately required course.

A) only if it would be taught as a separately required course -> would is wrong usage with if
B) only if it is taught as a separate, required course -> correct usage
C) if it is taught only as a course required separately -> changes the meaning awkward
D) if it was taught only as a separate and required course -> was is not correct we need present tense
E) if it would only be taught as a required course, separately -> would is wrong

Can someone explain why the adverb 'separately' in C is wrong? Thanks!

Source: OG Verbal review, Q78.

There is a difference between required seperately and seperate ,required course

seperate course and required course
course required seperately changes the meaning
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10 Aug 2011, 08:13
1
icandy wrote:
asdert wrote:
While some academicians believe that business ethics should be integrated into every business course, others say that students will take ethics seriously only if it would be taught as a separately required course.

A) only if it would be taught as a separately required course
B) only if it is taught as a separate, required course
C) if it is taught only as a course required separately
D) if it was taught only as a separate and required course
E) if it would only be taught as a required course, separately

Can someone explain why the adverb 'separately' in C is wrong? Thanks!

Source: OG Verbal review, Q78.

This is a conditional statement. Remember would never appears in the if clause. A & E out

We need to fix if clause based on the rest of the sentence. will take ethics seriously ( will + base verb means if clause should be in present tense ) D is out

C moves only to the middle of the sentence and changes the meaning by adding the adverb separately.

B correctly uses adjectives to modify the noun and remains

The only worthy one's are B, C - In C seperately (An adverb) is modifying required course ( not an adjective) and also it changes the intended meaning a bit IMO!
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22 Aug 2012, 14:03
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1) While some academicians believe that business ethics should be integrated into every business course, others say that students will take ethics seriously only if it would be taught as a separately required course.

A) only if it would be taught as a separately required course
B) only if it is taught as a separate, required course
C) if it is taught only as a course required separately
D) if it was taught only as a separate and required course
E) if it would only be taught as a required course, separately

please explain the difference between B and C. This question is posted before but i dont understand the difference between B and C
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22 Aug 2012, 14:17
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B is the right one.

Understand the meaning. Removing modifiers and clauses, the sentence simply means "Students will take this subject seriously ONLY if it is taught as separate course."

C is flawed in multiple ways.
- Placement of 'only'
- "course required separately" doesn't mean the same thing as "separate, required course."
- In correct choice separate and required are two modifiers - adjectives - modifying the noun 'course'. Which is the right way.
- In C separately modifies verb require and acts as adverb. - wrong
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22 Aug 2012, 17:55
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The difference between (B) and (C) is the placement of 'only', which changes the meaning. Let's start with (B).

B) only if it is taught as a separate, required course

The meaning of 'ethics will only be taught if...' is that the other alternative would be to not teach ethics. Notice the placement of 'only' is right before 'taught.'

C) if it is taught only as a course required separately

Here the debate is no longer whether ethics will be taught, but how it will be taught. Essentially (C) is saying that ethics will not be taught as a combined course or an integrated course, or any course for that matter. It will taught only as a separate course. This changes the original meaning of the sentence.

Hope that helps!
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Updated on: 04 Apr 2017, 04:42
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Problem here in C is the misplaced modifier ‘only. Normally, the limiting adverb ‘only’ modifies an action that follows it. In this thread –only- modifies the verb of teaching in A and B; whereas in C it modifies the course, which changes the meaning, that the students will take it, if is not taught as a course but as something else such as in a symposium or seminar.
With regard to course required separately, the adverb tends to modify the noun –course-; and modifying a noun is not the function of an adverb; an adverb can only modify a verb or adjective. If it were --separately required course --, then it will be ok, since the adverb –separately- now modifies the adjective required.

In C, the term required is not a verb; it is past participle and adjective modifying the noun -course-.
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Originally posted by daagh on 04 Oct 2012, 03:29.
Last edited by daagh on 04 Apr 2017, 04:42, edited 1 time in total.
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05 Oct 2012, 03:55
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in gmat sc problem, we alway face at least 2 choices which are correct grammatically and even logically but one of them is wrong because it is not intended meaning.

both C and D are correct grammatically and logically if they stand alone. However, in the original " only if " appears and "only if " is considerd intended meaning and C and D are considered wrong.

experts, pls, discuss this point- about logic and grammatical answer choice but this choice is still wrong because it dose not convey the meaning in the original choice.
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20 Nov 2013, 04:49
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amgelcer wrote:
In A "if it would be" = wrong tense.

IMO B

Actually A itself is not very clear in terms of meaning, specifically "separately required course". The issue is that "separately" is an adverb, and so, will modify the adjective "required". So, this is suggesting as if it is "separately required".

The logical intent is that ethics should not be integrated but should have two different characteristics:
a) Separate (and not "integrated")
b) Required (basically "compulsory")

So, both "separate" and "required" should be adjectives, modifying the noun "course". Hence, "separate required course" is the correct usage.
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09 Dec 2013, 20:19
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I am happy to help!
Rule: If...Then construction.
If Present......Then Present(is/am/are..etc)/May/Will

If Past...........Then Simple Past
Past Perfect......Would have.

So, As per the rule...A,D,E out.
Between B and C. C change the intended meaning.
So, B.

Hope this helps!
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03 May 2014, 03:34
I would like to know whether we can use two items in a series without any conjunction like in this sentence - separate, required course. It sounds a little awkward.
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06 May 2014, 10:57
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Ergenekon wrote:
I would like to know whether we can use two items in a series without any conjunction like in this sentence - separate, required course. It sounds a little awkward.

Dear Ergenekon,

Good question indeed.

Let’s look at another sentence to understand what’s going on in the correct answer to the official question. Consider the following simple sentence:

Emily was a smart, young girl.

In the above sentence, the words smart and young correctly describe the noun girl. Do you agree to that? If yes, do you see how the words smart and required play a similar role in the sentence referred to by you?

Please do let me know what you think.

Regards,
Neeti.
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06 May 2014, 11:18
1
Yes, thanks a lot for your help.
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06 May 2014, 22:52
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20 Jul 2015, 07:52
daagh wrote:
Problem here in C is the misplaced modifier ‘only. Normally, the limiting adverb ‘only’ modifies an action that follows it. In this thread –only- modifies the verb of teaching in A and B; whereas in C it modifies the course, which changes the meaning, that the students will take it, if is not taught as a course but as something else such as in a symposium or seminar.
With regard to course required separately, the adverb tends to modify the noun –course-; and modifying a noun is not the function of an adverb; an adverb can only modify a verb or adjective. If it were --separate required course --, then it will be ok, since the adverb –separately- now modifies the adjective required.

In C, the term required is not a verb; it is past participle and adjective modifying the noun -course-.

"I'll refer only GMAC approved study material". Is the sentence correct? If yes, then here a noun follows only.
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20 Jul 2015, 09:28
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Amit.

"I'll refer only GMAC approved study material". Is the sentence correct? If yes, then here a noun follows only.

In your example. only modifies not GMAC but 'GMAC- approved' -- in fact, it would be better to hyphenate it as I have done. Therefore,'Gmac-approved" is an adjective, which is what only modifies. You may see that even the noun study acts as an adjective in this case. The real noun, namely, material is fr away from the adverb , 'only'; Hope this clarifies.
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31 Aug 2015, 23:52
asdert wrote:
While some academicians believe that business ethics should be integrated into every business course, others say that students will take ethics seriously only if it would be taught as a separately required course.

A) only if it would be taught as a separately required course
B) only if it is taught as a separate, required course
C) if it is taught only as a course required separately
D) if it was taught only as a separate and required course
E) if it would only be taught as a required course, separately

Can someone explain why the adverb 'separately' in C is wrong? Thanks!

Source: OG Verbal review, Q78.

From the sentence, we can infer that the 'if clause' is a REAL condition. For real condition, when the 'RESULT' clause is in future (will take seriously), the 'if clause' must be in simple present tense. So only B is correct. Had the condition been an UNREAL condition, then 'will take seriously' change to 'would take seriously' and 'it is taught' to 'it were taught'.
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07 Jan 2017, 10:16
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While some academicians believe that business ethics should be integrated into every business course, others say that students will take ethics seriously only if it would be taught as a separately required course.

- In the conditional If X happens, then will Y - the verb of the main clause should be in the future tense and the verb of the if clause should be in the present tense
A) only if it would be taught as a separately required course - usage of would is incorrect as we need present tense
B) only if it is taught as a separate, required course - Correct
C) if it is taught only as a course required separately - usage of adverb separately distorts meaning ; placement of only distorts meaning
D) if it was taught only as a separate and required course - usage of was is incorrect as we need present tense ; placement of only distorts meaning
E) if it would only be taught as a required course, separately - usage of would is incorrect as we need present tense , placement of only distorts meaning

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