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# While the most abundant and dominant species within a

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While the most abundant and dominant species within a [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2012, 10:34
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Question 1
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89% (02:27) correct 11% (00:00) wrong based on 9

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Question 2
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83% (01:50) correct 17% (00:00) wrong based on 6

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Question 3
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While the most abundant and dominant species within a particular ecosystem is often crucial in perpetuating the ecosystem, a “keystone” species, here defined as one whose effects are much larger than would be predicted from its abundance, can also play a vital role. But because complex species interactions may be involved, identifying a keystone species by removing the species and observing changes in the ecosystem is problematic. It might seem that certain traits would clearly define a species as a keystone species; for example, Pisaster ochraceus is often a keystone predator because it consumes and suppresses mussel populations, which in the absence of this starfish can be a dominant species. But such predation on a dominant or potentially dominant species occurs in systems that do as well as in systems that do not have species that play keystone roles. Moreover, whereas P. ochraceus occupies an unambiguous keystone role on wave-exposed rocky headlands, in more wave-sheltered habitats the impact of P. ochraceus predation is weak or nonexistent, and at certain sites sand burial is responsible for eliminating mussels. Keystone status appears to depend on context, whether of particular geography or of such factors as community diversity (for example, a reduction in species diversity may thrust more of the remaining species into keystone roles) and length of species interaction (since newly arrived species in particular may dramatically affect ecosystems).
1. The passage mentions which of the following as a factor that affects the role of P. ochraceus as a keystone species within different habitats?
A. The degree to which the habitat is sheltered from waves
B. The degree to which other animals within a habitat prey on mussels
C. The fact that mussel populations are often not dominant within some habitats occupied by P. ochraceus
D. The size of the P. ochraceus population within the habitat
E. The fact that there is great species diversity within some habitats occupied by P. ochraceus

[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

2. Which of the following, if true, would most clearly support the argument about keystone status advanced in the last sentence of the passage?
A. A species of bat is primarily responsible for keeping insect populations within an ecosystem low, and the size of the insect population in turn affects bird species within that ecosystem.
B. A species of iguana occupies a keystone role on certain tropical islands, but does not play that role on adjacent tropical islands that are inhabited by a greater number of animal species.
C. Close observation of a savannah ecosystem reveals that more species occupy keystone roles within that ecosystem than biologists had previously believed.
D. As a keystone species of bee becomes more abundant it has a larger effect on the ecosystem it inhabits.
E. A species of moth that occupies a keystone role in a prairie habitat develops coloration patterns that camouflage it from potential predators.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

3. The passage suggests which of the following about the identification of a species as a keystone species?
A. Such an identification depends primarily on the species’ relationship to the dominant species.
B. Such an identification can best be made by removing the species from a particular ecosystem and observing changes that occur in the ecosystem.
C. Such an identification is likely to be less reliable as an ecosystem becomes less diverse.
D. Such an identification seems to depend on various factors within the ecosystem.
E. Such an identification can best be made by observing predation behavior.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
D

[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #1 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #2 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #3 OA

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Last edited by akshaygaur on 16 Sep 2014, 21:42, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: While the most abundant and dominant species within a [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2012, 10:34
Can someone explain why (B) in Q2?
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Re: While the most abundant and dominant species within a [#permalink]

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24 Nov 2012, 07:41
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First, I have to say that the OA for the first question is A, not E.

As for question 2, you must answer the question in relation to the information provided in the last sentence. When you see these questions that relate to specific parts of the passage, you must go to those parts and read them carefully. This question becomes difficult because the last sentence has a pretty crazy structure with a leading clause followed by some modifying text with two parenthetical statements. You have to focus on the key points: keystone status depends on the context - geography, diversity, and length of interaction.

2. Which of the following, if true, would most clearly support the argument about keystone status advanced in the last sentence of the passage?
A. A species of bat is primarily responsible for keeping insect populations within an ecosystem low, and the size of the insect population in turn affects bird species within that ecosystem. No discussion of context here.
B. A species of iguana occupies a keystone role on certain tropical islands, but does not play that role on adjacent tropical islands that are inhabited by a greater number of animal species. This shows how the geographical context (different tropical islands with different species diversities) impacts keystone status. This fits perfectly with the argument in the last sentence.
C. Close observation of a savannah ecosystem reveals that more species occupy keystone roles within that ecosystem than biologists had previously believed.While this discusses keystone roles, it doesn't talk about differences in context impacting keystone status.
D. As a keystone species of bee becomes more abundant it has a larger effect on the ecosystem it inhabits. No discussion of how context impacts keystone status.
E. A species of moth that occupies a keystone role in a prairie habitat develops coloration patterns that camouflage it from potential predators. Again, no discussion of context impacts on keystone status.
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Re: While the most abundant and dominant species within a [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2014, 09:36
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: While the most abundant and dominant species within a [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2014, 06:32
NVM just saw that post above mentioned same problem I mentioned. Disregard my original post!

Can the OA be modified to reflect the correct answer? I didn't see Kyle's post until after I had posted about this issue. Don't want others to overlook our posts and experience the same confusion.

I only googled and stumbled upon the right answer because I couldn't understand why I was wrong (chose A). But of course, afterwards I found out Kyle already stated that in the post above mine. Thanks.
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Re: While the most abundant and dominant species within a [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2014, 13:43
I wish I had the ability to fix the OA, but it has to be the original poster or perhaps some staff member.

I often find myself doing google searches as well when I doubt the OA...nice move...

KW
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Re: While the most abundant and dominant species within a [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2014, 00:43
This one was tough for me. Time taken 10 mins.

1. The passage mentions which of the following as a factor that affects the role of P. ochraceus as a keystone species within different habitats?
A. The degree to which the habitat is sheltered from waves
>>P. ochraceus occupies an unambiguous keystone role on wave-exposed rocky headlands, in more wave-sheltered habitats the impact of P. ochraceus predation is weak or nonexistent, and at certain sites sand burial is responsible for eliminating mussels.

B. The degree to which other animals within a habitat prey on mussels
>>certain sites sand burial is responsible for eliminating mussels.
C. The fact that mussel populations are often not dominant within some habitats occupied by P. ochraceus
D. The size of the P. ochraceus population within the habitat
E. The fact that there is great species diversity within some habitats occupied by P. ochraceus

2. Which of the following, if true, would most clearly support the argument about keystone status advanced in the last sentence of the passage?
Keystone status appears to depend on context, whether of particular
geography or of such factors as
community diversity (for example, a reduction in species diversity may thrust more of the remaining species into keystone roles) and
length of species interaction (since newly arrived species in particular may dramatically affect ecosystems).
A. A species of bat is primarily responsible for keeping insect populations within an ecosystem low, and the size of the insect population in turn affects bird species within that ecosystem.
>>community diversity. What troubles me in this is "affects bird species within that ecosystem." Does this mean, BS r thriving .

B. A species of iguana occupies a keystone role on certain tropical islands, but does not play that role on adjacent tropical islands that are inhabited by a greater number of animal species.
>>I don't see mentioned anything like that in para. As per OG this is OA. Can anyone elucidate this.. I believe PO habitat is an example for the GC. I am correct?
C. Close observation of a savannah ecosystem reveals that more species occupy keystone roles within that ecosystem than biologists had previously believed.
D. As a keystone species of bee becomes more abundant it has a larger effect on the ecosystem it inhabits.
E. A species of moth that occupies a keystone role in a prairie habitat develops coloration patterns that camouflage it from potential predators.

3. The passage suggests which of the following about the identification of a species as a keystone species?
A. Such an identification depends primarily on the species’ relationship to the dominant species.
B. Such an identification can best be made by removing the species from a particular ecosystem and observing changes that occur in the ecosystem.
C. Such an identification is likely to be less reliable as an ecosystem becomes less diverse.
D. Such an identification seems to depend on various factors within the ecosystem.
>>Correct. Keystone status appears to depend on context .....

E. Such an identification can best be made by observing predation behavior.
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Re: While the most abundant and dominant species within a [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2014, 02:36
xserenity114 wrote:
NVM just saw that post above mentioned same problem I mentioned. Disregard my original post!

Can the OA be modified to reflect the correct answer? I didn't see Kyle's post until after I had posted about this issue. Don't want others to overlook our posts and experience the same confusion.

I only googled and stumbled upon the right answer because I couldn't understand why I was wrong (chose A). But of course, afterwards I found out Kyle already stated that in the post above mine. Thanks.

What exactly do you want me to modify in OAs?
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Re: While the most abundant and dominant species within a [#permalink]

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15 Sep 2014, 23:22
akshaygaur wrote:
xserenity114 wrote:
NVM just saw that post above mentioned same problem I mentioned. Disregard my original post!

Can the OA be modified to reflect the correct answer? I didn't see Kyle's post until after I had posted about this issue. Don't want others to overlook our posts and experience the same confusion.

I only googled and stumbled upon the right answer because I couldn't understand why I was wrong (chose A). But of course, afterwards I found out Kyle already stated that in the post above mine. Thanks.

What exactly do you want me to modify in OAs?

Hii Akshay,
the official answer of first question is A..Please change that..
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Re: While the most abundant and dominant species within a [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2014, 21:43
Guys I have changed the OA for the first question to "A".
Sorry for the huge delay!!
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Re: While the most abundant and dominant species within a [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2015, 05:05
A,B,D....very well explained
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Re: While the most abundant and dominant species within a [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2015, 08:54
can someone pls explain Why option c is wrong? as the passage mentioned that "mussel population, which in the absence of starfish can be a dominant species"...Thanks
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Re: While the most abundant and dominant species within a [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2015, 05:55
katzzzz wrote:
can someone pls explain Why option c is wrong? as the passage mentioned that "mussel population, which in the absence of starfish can be a dominant species"...Thanks

The question is asking what factors affect the keystone status of the starfish. The fact that mussels are not dominant in some areas is an EFFECT of the starfish in the keystone role, not something that AFFECTS the keystone status. The sheltering from waves does affect the keystone status - making choice A correct.

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While the most abundant and dominant species within a [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2015, 10:51
Hi everyone,¨

I came accross this thread because, when working on this passage in the 2016 OG, I answered A to Q1 and was surprised to see B as the OA in the guide. Can anybody confirm if there is a mistake in the 2016 OG? I assume from the date of this post that this passage was already in previous OG versions, where the OA was A... am I wrong?

Many thanks!!

P.
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Re: While the most abundant and dominant species within a [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2015, 03:54
I find this OG passage very difficult to comprehend. Is there any recorded video session on how to approach such passages ?
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Re: While the most abundant and dominant species within a   [#permalink] 24 Oct 2015, 03:54
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# While the most abundant and dominant species within a

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