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With adjustments for inflation,the relative cost of welfare

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Senior Manager
Joined: 09 Feb 2015
Posts: 353
Location: India
Concentration: Social Entrepreneurship, General Management
Schools: Booth '21 (D)
GMAT 1: 690 Q49 V34
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24 Mar 2016, 11:48
the only reason i picked D over c is because of the awkward phrasing in C.
Resulting in the welfare program now costing vs . welfare program now costs.
chetan2u ?
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Joined: 24 Apr 2014
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08 Jun 2016, 10:24
goforgmat wrote:
the only reason i picked D over c is because of the awkward phrasing in C.
Resulting in the welfare program now costing vs . welfare program now costs.
chetan2u ?

my question in C is "usage of NOW before costing" ?? is it correctly used ??
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Joined: 14 Dec 2013
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08 Jun 2016, 13:22
Nick90 wrote:
goforgmat wrote:
the only reason i picked D over c is because of the awkward phrasing in C.
Resulting in the welfare program now costing vs . welfare program now costs.
chetan2u ?

my question in C is "usage of NOW before costing" ?? is it correctly used ??

I do not see any problem with the placement of "now". The problem with C is that a present participle "costing" is compared with a verb "did".
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Joined: 31 Dec 2014
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29 Jul 2016, 16:34
biddu wrote:
D it is ..

can anyone explain why not C

since participle phrase/clause modifies the idea of the main clause

Because there is no verb in C

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Priya
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Joined: 06 Apr 2016
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09 Aug 2016, 05:15
Sudhanshuacharya wrote:
IMO the answer should be D.
In the sentence there is a comma after the sentence "... dropping since 1973," hence "resulting" should not be used. "Resulting" could have been used if there were no comma.

Hence D suits more logically to the sentence fulfilling "... dropping since 1973, and as a result..."

Hi,
As you have mentioned Verb+ing modifier without comma modifies nearest noun and with comma modifies the clause.
So in case of C,is it not required to modify the clause rather than the noun relative cost?
Please correct me if I'm wrong
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12 Aug 2016, 05:41
SHALLIKA wrote:
Sudhanshuacharya wrote:
IMO the answer should be D.
In the sentence there is a comma after the sentence "... dropping since 1973," hence "resulting" should not be used. "Resulting" could have been used if there were no comma.

Hence D suits more logically to the sentence fulfilling "... dropping since 1973, and as a result..."

Hi,
As you have mentioned Verb+ing modifier without comma modifies nearest noun and with comma modifies the clause.
So in case of C,is it not required to modify the clause rather than the noun relative cost?
Please correct me if I'm wrong

You are right. The present participle "resulting" modifies the entire previous clause. However option C is wrong because of some other reason:

Parallelism is not maintained between " program now costing" and "it did".

You may find some more details on verb-ing modifiers here:
verb-ed-modifiers-vs-verb-ing-modifiers-125611-60.html#p1712612
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27 Dec 2018, 17:44
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: With adjustments for inflation,the relative cost of welfare   [#permalink] 27 Dec 2018, 17:44

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