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# With the stock price declining rapidly, analysts had to decide whether

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Joined: 29 Jun 2017
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With the stock price declining rapidly, analysts had to decide whether [#permalink]

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Updated on: 17 May 2018, 04:40
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Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

76% (01:02) correct 24% (00:58) wrong based on 129 sessions

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With the stock price declining rapidly, analysts had to decide whether problems in the fundamentals of the company or simply a brief hysteria among market participants were driving the price downward.

A) With the stock price declining rapidly, analysts had to decide whether problems in the fundamentals of the company or simply a brief hysteria among market participants were driving the price downward.

B) The stock price was declining rapidly, so analysts had to decide if problems in the fundamentals of the company, as opposed to simply a brief hysteria among market participants, was the cause of the downward price movement.

C) The stock price was declining rapidly, so analysts had to decide if problems in the fundamentals of the company or simply a brief hysteria among market participants were the cause of the downward price movement.

D) With the stock price declining rapidly, analysts had to decide whether problems in the fundamentals of the company or simply a brief hysteria among market participants was driving the price downward.

E) With the stock’s rapid price decline, analysts had to decide if problems in the fundamentals of the company or simply a brief hysteria among market participants were driving the price downward.

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Originally posted by sahilvijay on 24 Dec 2017, 08:40.
Last edited by Bunuel on 17 May 2018, 04:40, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Joined: 29 Jun 2014
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Re: With the stock price declining rapidly, analysts had to decide whether [#permalink]

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24 Dec 2017, 08:55
IMO D
A :verb error were
B: was declining....had to decide ...dont go together..
C: same as above and verb error were
D: seems okay
E:again verb error were...stock's rapid decline awakrd....if usage incorrect.

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With the stock price declining rapidly, analysts had to decide whether [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2017, 23:40
1
sahilvijay wrote:
With the stock price declining rapidly, analysts had to decide whether problems in the fundamentals of the company or simply a brief hysteria among market participants were driving the price downward.

A) With the stock price declining rapidly, analysts had to decide whether problems in the fundamentals of the company or simply a brief hysteria among market participants were driving the price downward. S/V
B) The stock price was declining rapidly, so analysts had to decide if problems in the fundamentals of the company, as opposed to simply a brief hysteria among market participants, was the cause of the downward price movement.
C) The stock price was declining rapidly, so analysts had to decide if problems in the fundamentals of the company or simply a brief hysteria among market participants were the cause of the downward price movement.
D) With the stock price declining rapidly, analysts had to decide whether problems in the fundamentals of the company or simply a brief hysteria among market participants was driving the price downward.
E) With the stock’s rapid price decline, analysts had to decide if problems in the fundamentals of the company or simply a brief hysteria among market participants were driving the price downward.

Split #1: S/V agreement: Eliminate A, C, And E
The singular "brief hysteria" takes the verb "was."
When compound subjects are joined by or (or neither/nor)
the verb should agree with the subject that is closest to the verb

Split #2*: Whether/If - eliminate B
Choosing between two alternatives requires whether, NOT if
The alternatives: 1) fundamental company problems or 2) a brief hysteria

Note the difference between whether and if.

Whether
"Whether" implies comparison, and is used when there are two alternatives,
as there are here (fundamental company problems or a brief hysteria).

Examples of whether:
He must decide by 6 p.m. this evening whether he will do military or community service.
I don't know whether to laugh or cry.

If
"If" establishes a conditional phrase, clause, or sentence.

Examples of if:
If Phillip speaks out of turn one more time, he will be asked to leave the seminar.
If you can do 100 push-ups by the end of term, you will earn 100 points towards your grade.

*Option B has S/V issues, too. "as opposed to..." is a phrase that comes between the subject, "problems," and the verb, which should be "were."
IMO that S/V issue is harder to spot than Option B's incorrect use of IF.

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Re: With the stock price declining rapidly, analysts had to decide whether [#permalink]

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17 May 2018, 04:40
sahilvijay wrote:
With the stock price declining rapidly, analysts had to decide whether problems in the fundamentals of the company or simply a brief hysteria among market participants were driving the price downward.

A) With the stock price declining rapidly, analysts had to decide whether problems in the fundamentals of the company or simply a brief hysteria among market participants were driving the price downward.

B) The stock price was declining rapidly, so analysts had to decide if problems in the fundamentals of the company, as opposed to simply a brief hysteria among market participants, was the cause of the downward price movement.

C) The stock price was declining rapidly, so analysts had to decide if problems in the fundamentals of the company or simply a brief hysteria among market participants were the cause of the downward price movement.

D) With the stock price declining rapidly, analysts had to decide whether problems in the fundamentals of the company or simply a brief hysteria among market participants was driving the price downward.

E) With the stock’s rapid price decline, analysts had to decide if problems in the fundamentals of the company or simply a brief hysteria among market participants were driving the price downward.

VERITAS PREP OFFICIAL SOLUTION:

The operative decision point in this problem is one of Subject-Verb Agreement. When a sentence includes an either...or or a neither...nor construction, the noun that comes after (n)or is the one that controls the singularity/plurality of the verb.

Here, choices A, C, D, and E each use an "either...or" construction with "simply a brief hysteria" (singular) following the "or." Because choices A, C, and E each use "were" instead of "was" they are all incorrect.

Choice B also commits an agreement error. By replacing "either...or" with the modifier "as opposed to a brief hysteria" this sentence uses the plural "problems in the fundamentals of the company" as the subject. Therefore, the singular "was" is incorrect in choice B.

Choice D features proper Subject-Verb Agreement and is therefore correct.
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Re: With the stock price declining rapidly, analysts had to decide whether   [#permalink] 17 May 2018, 04:40
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