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# Within the Earth’s inner core, the temperature remains above ten thous

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Within the Earth’s inner core, the temperature remains above ten thous  [#permalink]

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02 Jun 2018, 12:07
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5% (low)

Question Stats:

80% (01:07) correct 20% (01:17) wrong based on 184 sessions

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Within the Earth’s inner core, the temperature remains above ten thousand degrees; however, the weight of the earth above the core, which create pressure, keeps the core solid.

A. the earth above the core, which create pressure, keeps

B. the earth above the core create pressure, enough to keep

C. the earth, above the core, create pressure, enough to keep

D. the earth above the core creates enough pressure to keep

E. the earth above the core creates enough pressure, and keeps

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Re: Within the Earth’s inner core, the temperature remains above ten thous  [#permalink]

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02 Jun 2018, 23:53
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Bunuel wrote:
Within the Earth’s inner core, the temperature remains above ten thousand degrees; however, the weight of the earth above the core, which create pressure, keeps the core solid.

A. the earth above the core, which create pressure, keeps

B. the earth above the core create pressure, enough to keep

C. the earth, above the core, create pressure, enough to keep

D. the earth above the core creates enough pressure to keep

E. the earth above the core creates enough pressure, and keeps

D.

A - Core doesn't create pressure
B - The weight create.. it should be creates
C - same as B
E - Intended meaning - The weight created enough pressure and thus keeps the core solid. In option E, it talks about 2 seperate things rather than a single (combined) thing.
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Re: Within the Earth’s inner core, the temperature remains above ten thous  [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2018, 04:43
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IMO, E is slightly better in reasoning. The earth above the core is not intentionally applying enough pressure to keep the core solid. It is a natural happening that is in the indicative mood. An infinitive 'to keep' is not so apt as in the given context.
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Re: Within the Earth’s inner core, the temperature remains above ten thous  [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2018, 18:08
daagh wrote:
IMO, E is slightly better in reasoning. The earth above the core is not intentionally applying enough pressure to keep the core solid. It is a natural happening that is in the indicative mood. An infinitive 'to keep' is not so apt as in the given context.

Hi, daagh

This is a citation from NY Times (there are some with simular construction in WSJ too):

Officials said the economy was strong enough to keep growing with a little less help - here is no intended meaning that the economy is trying to keep itself growing.

I would say the intended meaning is: X is (adjective) enough to result in Y
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Re: Within the Earth’s inner core, the temperature remains above ten thous  [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2018, 23:53
IMO the anser should be D. Only that shows the result of the weight of the earth above the core does what. E is disjointed, doesn't help in relating the two actions.
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Within the Earth’s inner core, the temperature remains above ten thous  [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2018, 01:19
Bunuel wrote:
Within the Earth’s inner core, the temperature remains above ten thousand degrees; however, the weight of the earth above the core, which create pressure, keeps the core solid.

A. the earth above the core, which create pressure, keeps- Easy out no. 1. which incorrectly refers to core. Core does not create pressure. Also since earth is singular "creates" should have been used

B. the earth above the core create pressure, enough to keep- Easy out no. 2."create" should be "creates". Also, “to verb" phrase is used when we need to present the purpose or the intention of an action. This phrase is actually a shorter way of “writing” “in order to verb”. e.g Joe wrote a book to share his experiences with others.: This sentence correctly uses “to share” because it presents the purpose why Joe wrote the book. It is explicit from the context that Joe wrote the book because he wanted to share his experience with others. Here intention of weight of earth is not to keep the core solid, however it is a natural process. It uses "create" however it should be "creates"

C. the earth, above the core, create pressure, enough to keep- Easy out no. 3. usage of comma is wrong, here it is intended to supply the additional information about earth which is distorting the meaning of sentence. Also, same as in option B "to keep" is wrong and it uses "create" however it should be "creates"

D. the earth above the core creates enough pressure to keep- Runner up! It uses "create" however it should be "creates" and hence it is wrong

E. the earth above the core creates enough pressure, and keeps- Bingo! see how beautifully it keeps its point that the earth creates enough pressure and keeps

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Re: Within the Earth’s inner core, the temperature remains above ten thous  [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2018, 20:11
Bunuel wrote:
Within the Earth’s inner core, the temperature remains above ten thousand degrees; however, the weight of the earth above the core, which create pressure, keeps the core solid.

A. the earth above the core, which create pressure, keeps

B. the earth above the core create pressure, enough to keep

C. the earth, above the core, create pressure, enough to keep

D. the earth above the core creates enough pressure to keep

E. the earth above the core creates enough pressure, and keeps
.

Although I marked E, the correct answer seems to be D.

But I am not able to understand the meaning aspect here. D states that enough pressure is created with intention to keep the core solid.

Whereas E states it as a fact. It is actually a fact. I think both options are correct in its form.

I think this is really tough call. The makers shouldn't have put both the choices here.

Isn't it tough to understand whether intention is implied or both should be considered as fact ?
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Within the Earth’s inner core, the temperature remains above ten thous  [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2018, 20:17
SudhanshuSingh wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
Within the Earth’s inner core, the temperature remains above ten thousand degrees; however, the weight of the earth above the core, which create pressure, keeps the core solid.

A. the earth above the core, which create pressure, keeps

B. the earth above the core create pressure, enough to keep

C. the earth, above the core, create pressure, enough to keep

D. the earth above the core creates enough pressure to keep

E. the earth above the core creates enough pressure, and keeps
.

Although I marked E, the correct answer seems to be D.

But I am not able to understand the meaning aspect here. D states that enough pressure is created with intention to keep the core solid.

Whereas E states it as a fact. It is actually a fact. I think both options are correct in its form.

I think this is really tough call. The makers shouldn't have put both the choices here.

Isn't it tough to understand whether intention is implied or both should be considered as fact ?
.

After reading it twice, I could understand that the word "enough" brings "intention" into play.

Anyhow, would like to know where am I going wrong?
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Re: Within the Earth’s inner core, the temperature remains above ten thous  [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2018, 21:04
SudhanshuSingh - in choice E - the weight of the earth created "enough pressure", and ..

"enough pressure" for what? if the inner core's temperature is 10,0000 degrees and the outer core created "enough pressure" .. but for what.. Does it form a complete logical meaning?
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Re: Within the Earth’s inner core, the temperature remains above ten thous  [#permalink]

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10 Jun 2018, 02:35
1
Bunuel wrote:
Within the Earth’s inner core, the temperature remains above ten thousand degrees; however, the weight of the earth above the core, which create pressure, keeps the core solid.

A. the earth above the core, which create pressure, keeps

B. the earth above the core create pressure, enough to keep

C. the earth, above the core, create pressure, enough to keep

D. the earth above the core creates enough pressure to keep

E. the earth above the core creates enough pressure, and keeps

VERITAS PREP OFFICIAL SOLUTION:

The most obvious decision point you should be drawn to in this question is in subject/verb agreement since the question gives you the choice between “create” and “creates.” As with any question of agreement, it’s important to use the Slash and Burn Technique to get rid of any extraneous information. If you do, the second clause becomes “the weight… create/creates…” because “the weight” is singular, you need the verb “creates.” This allows you to eliminate (A), (B), and (C).

The only difference between choices (D) and (E) is the choice between “to keep” and “keeps”. This is a question of logical meaning. When you see the phrase “enough pressure,” you should be asking yourself “enough to do what?” You need to have a consequence directly linked to the word “enough.” Because (E) lacks the answer to that question (it separates the two with a comma and treats the two verbs as a list), it can be eliminated, leaving you with choice (D). Because choice (D) has the direct consequence “enough to keep” it is the correct answer.
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Re: Within the Earth’s inner core, the temperature remains above ten thous &nbs [#permalink] 10 Jun 2018, 02:35
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