Summer is Coming! Join the Game of Timers Competition to Win Epic Prizes. Registration is Open. Game starts Mon July 1st.

 It is currently 18 Jul 2019, 14:41

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Women who are married sleep more soundly than women who have never

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 02 Nov 2014
Posts: 185
GMAT Date: 08-04-2015
Women who are married sleep more soundly than women who have never  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Updated on: 09 Nov 2015, 23:23
10
2
58
00:00

Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

18% (02:16) correct 82% (02:21) wrong based on 2362 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Women who are married sleep more soundly than women who have never married or lost a partner, according to research from an eight-year study. Furthermore, it is well established that sleeping less than six hours a night makes you 12% more likely to die prematurely than someone who sleeps up to eight hours. Therefore, getting married increases a woman's life expectancy.

Which of the following, if true, does NOT strengthen the argument above?

A. Populations with lower odds of premature death have higher life expectancies.

B. Getting married does not lead to oversleep.

C. Marriage may introduce lifespan-shortening factors into a woman's life, but these factors tend to be collectively of less consequence than the benefit of sounder sleep.

D. Not sleeping soundly is the key reason women who cannot sleep at least eight hours a night fail to do so.

E. The psychology of women who marry is, on average, more conducive to sound sleep than that of women who have never married or lost a partner.

Originally posted by b9n920 on 09 Nov 2015, 00:13.
Last edited by b9n920 on 09 Nov 2015, 23:23, edited 1 time in total.
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 9446
Location: Pune, India
Re: Women who are married sleep more soundly than women who have never  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Sep 2018, 05:44
7
1
1
b9n920 wrote:
Women who are married sleep more soundly than women who have never married or lost a partner, according to research from an eight-year study. Furthermore, it is well established that sleeping less than six hours a night makes you 12% more likely to die prematurely than someone who sleeps up to eight hours. Therefore, getting married increases a woman's life expectancy.

Which of the following, if true, does NOT strengthen the argument above?

A. Populations with lower odds of premature death have higher life expectancies.

B. Getting married does not lead to oversleep.

C. Marriage may introduce lifespan-shortening factors into a woman's life, but these factors tend to be collectively of less consequence than the benefit of sounder sleep.

D. Not sleeping soundly is the key reason women who cannot sleep at least eight hours a night fail to do so.

E. The psychology of women who marry is, on average, more conducive to sound sleep than that of women who have never married or lost a partner.

The answer is (E) only. Be careful of the exact words used in the argument.

Premises:
- Married women sleep more soundly.
- Sleeping less than six hours a night makes you 12% more likely to die prematurely than someone who sleeps up to eight hours.

Conclusion:
- Getting married increases a woman's life expectancy.

While concluding, the argument is assuming that unmarried women sleep less than 6 hrs while married women sleep upto 8 hrs. Sleeping upto 8 hrs increases your life expectancy compared with sleeping less than 6 hrs.
The argument also talks about "die prematurely" in premises but concludes about "higher life expectancy". Are they linked? we don't know.
Also, one premise tells us that married women "sleep soundly" while the other talks about "hours of sleep". Are they linked? we don't know.

We need to find strengtheners:

A. Populations with lower odds of premature death have higher life expectancies.
Links "die prematurely" used in the premises to higher life expectancy. Hence it strengthens the argument.

B. Getting married does not lead to oversleep.
Establishes that married women do not sleep for more than 8 hrs. The life expectancy if one sleeps for more than 8 hrs may not be higher. Since the premises mention clearly "upto 8 hrs", it brings the amount of sleep for married women in that range. Hence it increases the chances of higher life expectancy for them.

C. Marriage may introduce lifespan-shortening factors into a woman's life, but these factors tend to be collectively of less consequence than the benefit of sounder sleep.
The premises do not tell us how marriage affects other aspects. This tells us that sounder sleep trumps all other factors so it increase the likelihood that married women live longer.

D. Not sleeping soundly is the key reason women who cannot sleep at least eight hours a night fail to do so.
This links "sleeping soundly" to "sleeping upto 8 hrs a day". This strengthens the argument.

E. The psychology of women who marry is, on average, more conducive to sound sleep than that of women who have never married or lost a partner.
Why married women sleep soundly does not impact the argument. We have to figure out what happens because married women sleep soundly.

_________________
Karishma
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor

Manager
Joined: 02 Nov 2014
Posts: 185
GMAT Date: 08-04-2015
Re: Women who are married sleep more soundly than women who have never  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Nov 2015, 23:25
11
5
OA provided.

Explanation from Gmatfree: Reading the question: Usually, in a strengthen question, we will look for the greatest weakness and then a strengthener that patches that weakness, because there is no greater way to strengthen an argument. But here we have a NOT question, so the correct answer is likely to be a weakener or be irrelevant. We'll use a basic filter: what answer choice weakens the idea that getting married makes a woman sleep longer and hence live longer?

Applying the filter: (A) patches a weak connection between dying prematurely and having a longer life expectancy. So (A) is a strengthener and hence is NOT the answer. Choice (B) also strengthens the argument, because it removes a problem and the prompt mentions specifically sleeping "up to 8 hours." So (B) is out. Choice (C) also removes a problem, that of an unintended consequence. So (C) is out. Choice (D) patches a weak connection between soundness of sleep and amount of sleep, so it's a strengthener and is out. Choice (E) may sound irrelevant initially, but it weakens the argument. It's saying that getting married isn't the cause of sleeping better; the cause, rather, is being the type of person, psychologically, who's likely to get married. It weakens the causal argument by establishing a different cause than the one given. The correct answer is (E).
##### General Discussion
Manager
Joined: 22 Dec 2015
Posts: 89
Concentration: General Management
GMAT 1: 760 Q48 V47
GPA: 3.89
WE: Accounting (Energy and Utilities)
Re: Women who are married sleep more soundly than women who have never  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Jan 2016, 13:32
7
1

B. Getting married does not lead to oversleep. Oversleeping is not mentioned AT ALL in the argument. Does it help? Does it hurt? We don't know. We only know UP TO 8 hours is helpful. So who cares if getting married DOES lead to oversleeping? This option is out of scope and does not help the argument.

B seems just as unhelpful to the argument as E. These "other" sources drive me nuts.
Manager
Joined: 17 Sep 2015
Posts: 89
Women who are married sleep more soundly than women who have never  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Apr 2016, 23:25
1
Reading the question: Usually, in a strengthen question, we will look for the greatest weakness and then a strengthener that patches that weakness, because there is no greater way to strengthen an argument. But here we have a NOT question, so the correct answer is likely to be a weakener or be irrelevant. We'll use a basic filter: what answer choice weakens the idea that getting married makes a woman sleep longer and hence live longer?

Applying the filter: (A) patches a weak connection between dying prematurely and having a longer life expectancy. So (A) is a strengthener and hence is NOT the answer. Choice (B) also strengthens the argument, because it removes a problem and the prompt mentions specifically sleeping "up to 8 hours." So (B) is out. Choice (C) also removes a problem, that of an unintended consequence. So (C) is out. Choice (D) patches a weak connection between soundness of sleep and amount of sleep, so it's a strengthener and is out. Choice (E) may sound irrelevant initially, but it weakens the argument. It's saying that getting married isn't the cause of sleeping better; the cause, rather, is being the type of person, psychologically, who's likely to get married. It weakens the causal argument by establishing a different cause than the one given. The correct answer is (E).
_________________
You have to dig deep and find out what it takes to reshuffle the cards life dealt you
Senior Manager
Joined: 07 Sep 2014
Posts: 345
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
Re: Women who are married sleep more soundly than women who have never  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Aug 2016, 20:29
2
I think both b and e are not strengthener.

These are the facts we know:
Sound sleep good
Comparison bet <6 and <=8. <6 is worse than <=8. So anything between 6 to 8 is good. Below that is bad but we dont know anything about more than 8.

Also sound sleep doesnt mean if you spent morethan 8 its not sound. You dont knowthat.

So whether it lead to oversleep,whose defn a question mark in itself, or not,wont help to strengthen the argument at all.

E.address psychology of married women that lead to sound sleep. Well whatever the reason is, sound sleep is there. We are not interested in reason

Sent from my Moto G (4) using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
Intern
Joined: 23 Jun 2015
Posts: 28
Re: Women who are married sleep more soundly than women who have never  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Aug 2016, 23:35
1
I am not convinced with the answer E .
In my view , whatever may be the reason behind sleeping , marriage is leading to sound sleeping . So it is strengthening the argument . Please help me where I am going wrong .. Thanks in advance ..!!
Intern
Joined: 27 Sep 2016
Posts: 8
GMAT 1: 720 Q50 V37
Re: Women who are married sleep more soundly than women who have never  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Sep 2016, 00:37
1
B: Getting married does not lead to oversleep. If you want it to necessarily mean something it can mean "a married woman will not sleep more than 8 hours". The married woman will sleep more than the woman who never married or lost a partner, this will however be less than 8 hours, this new information makes Choice B relevant to the question above and thus can not be considered irrelevant. It also goes to show that B actually does strengthen the argument as it allows us to keep the duration of sleep for a married woman <=8 and more than the other two categories of woman we are comparing with thus helping us understand that sleep duration within the 6-8 hour period will favour married over unmarried/partner lost.

I apologise for my verbose two cents. Hope this helps.

Sent from my iPhone using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
Intern
Joined: 03 Apr 2017
Posts: 2
Re: Women who are married sleep more soundly than women who have never  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Apr 2017, 20:24
2
E reverses the cause and effect relationship....sleep causes marriage rather than marriage causes sleep in the argument. Therefore it does nothing to strengthen the argument. In fact it offers an alternative explanation.

Sent from my iPhone using GMAT Club Forum
UCLA School Moderator
Joined: 10 Nov 2016
Posts: 41
Location: India
GMAT 1: 730 Q50 V39
Re: Women who are married sleep more soundly than women who have never  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Jun 2017, 22:40
E simply restates the fact mentioned in the premise.
It is not adding any value to the argument.

B, on the other hand is a good contender but I think somehow the linkage of sound sleep and hours of sleep is addressed by it.
So, it may be a strengthener.

--
Regards
Manager
Joined: 28 Jan 2017
Posts: 50
Re: Women who are married sleep more soundly than women who have never  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Jun 2017, 16:03
4
b9n920 wrote:
Women who are married sleep more soundly than women who have never married or lost a partner, according to research from an eight-year study. Furthermore, it is well established that sleeping less than six hours a night makes you 12% more likely to die prematurely than someone who sleeps up to eight hours. Therefore, getting married increases a woman's life expectancy.

Which of the following, if true, does NOT strengthen the argument above?

A. Populations with lower odds of premature death have higher life expectancies.

B. Getting married does not lead to oversleep.

C. Marriage may introduce lifespan-shortening factors into a woman's life, but these factors tend to be collectively of less consequence than the benefit of sounder sleep.

D. Not sleeping soundly is the key reason women who cannot sleep at least eight hours a night fail to do so.

E. The psychology of women who marry is, on average, more conducive to sound sleep than that of women who have never married or lost a partner.

I agree with the OA "E" to be a non-strengthener, but "B" is also a non-strengthener.

B. Getting married does not lead to oversleep.: This means a woman is sleeping more than 6 hour not because of marriage as marriage does not lead to oversleeping

E. The psychology of women who marry is, on average, more conducive to sound sleep than that of women who have never married or lost a partner: Psychology is a trait of personality, and hence it is already existing in the women who marry, so its not the marriage that induce the woman to sleep more.
Intern
Joined: 08 Aug 2018
Posts: 40
Location: India
GMAT 1: 720 Q49 V40
GPA: 4
WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
Re: Women who are married sleep more soundly than women who have never  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Sep 2018, 00:41
1
The answer seems to be B but official answer from the person who posted the question is E. can you please step in and provide the correct answer?
Manager
Joined: 15 Nov 2015
Posts: 136
Location: India
GPA: 3.7
Re: Women who are married sleep more soundly than women who have never  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Jan 2019, 07:13
Kelzie01 wrote:

B. Getting married does not lead to oversleep. Oversleeping is not mentioned AT ALL in the argument. Does it help? Does it hurt? We don't know. We only know UP TO 8 hours is helpful. So who cares if getting married DOES lead to oversleeping? This option is out of scope and does not help the argument.

B seems just as unhelpful to the argument as E. These "other" sources drive me nuts.

Hi,

Psychology is the root cause that causes women to get married as well as to sleep sound.

Since it is a 3rd cause that causes both and affects the conditionally, it is correct.

Thanks
Manager
Joined: 21 Apr 2018
Posts: 76
Location: India
GMAT 1: 710 Q50 V35
Re: Women who are married sleep more soundly than women who have never  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Jan 2019, 12:11
Ashokshiva wrote:
Kelzie01 wrote:

B. Getting married does not lead to oversleep. Oversleeping is not mentioned AT ALL in the argument. Does it help? Does it hurt? We don't know. We only know UP TO 8 hours is helpful. So who cares if getting married DOES lead to oversleeping? This option is out of scope and does not help the argument.

B seems just as unhelpful to the argument as E. These "other" sources drive me nuts.

Hi,

Psychology is the root cause that causes women to get married as well as to sleep sound.

Since it is a 3rd cause that causes both and affects the conditionally, it is correct.

Thanks

Are you trying to find a weakener or non-strengther?
Manager
Joined: 15 Nov 2015
Posts: 136
Location: India
GPA: 3.7
Re: Women who are married sleep more soundly than women who have never  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Jan 2019, 23:35
Wonderwoman31 wrote:
Ashokshiva wrote:
Kelzie01 wrote:

B. Getting married does not lead to oversleep. Oversleeping is not mentioned AT ALL in the argument. Does it help? Does it hurt? We don't know. We only know UP TO 8 hours is helpful. So who cares if getting married DOES lead to oversleeping? This option is out of scope and does not help the argument.

B seems just as unhelpful to the argument as E. These "other" sources drive me nuts.

Hi,

Psychology is the root cause that causes women to get married as well as to sleep sound.

Since it is a 3rd cause that causes both and affects the conditionally, it is correct.

Thanks

Are you trying to find a weakener or non-strengther?

Hi,

But option-E is more of a weakener, wherein a 3rd cause causes the 2 events that are shown to have a conditional relationship.

Hence Option-E

Thanks
Re: Women who are married sleep more soundly than women who have never   [#permalink] 12 Jan 2019, 23:35
Display posts from previous: Sort by