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Word Problem  James started from his home and drove eastwards at a co [#permalink]
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22 Jan 2017, 01:26
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Q.) James started from his home and drove eastwards at a constant speed. Exactly 90 minutes after James stated from his home, his brother Patrick started from the same point and drove in the same direction as James did at a different constant speed. Patrick overtook James exactly 90 minutes after Patrick started his journey and then continued driving at the same speed for another 2 hours. By what percentage should Patrick reduce his speed so that James could catch up with Patrick in exactly 8 hours after Patrick overtook James? A. 25% B. 33% C. 50% D. 67% E. 75%
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Word Problem  James started from his home and drove eastwards at a co [#permalink]
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22 Jan 2017, 01:26
The official solution has been posted. Looking forward to a healthy discussion..
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Re: Word Problem  James started from his home and drove eastwards at a co [#permalink]
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22 Jan 2017, 03:21
Well i seriously think we dont expect such questions in GMAT. Although we should be prepared for the worst, but still one might not expect such questions on GMAT( my own perception) As for the explanation. After James(J) travels for 90 min of 1.5 hours Patrick(P) starts and in 90 minutes he crosses J. So P covers a distance in 90 minutes what J covers in 180 minutes. So speed of P is double that of J. Let speed of J be x km/ph and speed of P be 2x km/hr. Then they continue to travel for 2 hours. So in this 2 hours P travels a distance of 4x( 2x x 2) and J travels a distance of 2x. Distance between them will be 2x(4x  2x). Now in order to catch P in 8 hours, J must travel faster than P. Let new slower speed of P be "p". so the eqaution now becomes (2x/xp) = 8. xp will be relative speed 2x distance between them 8 hours as given in the question that J must take. So value of new speed of P will be 3/4x so he has to reduce the speed from 2x to 3/4 x which is around 62.5 not in the options



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Word Problem  James started from his home and drove eastwards at a co [#permalink]
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22 Jan 2017, 03:58
EgmatQuantExpert wrote: Q.) James started from his home and drove eastwards at a constant speed. Exactly 90 minutes after James stated from his home, his brother Patrick started from the same point and drove in the same direction as James did at a different constant speed. Patrick overtook James exactly 90 minutes after Patrick started his journey and then continued driving at the same speed for another 2 hours. By what percentage should Patrick reduce his speed so that James could catch up with Patrick in exactly 8 hours after Patrick overtook James? A. 25% B. 33% C. 50% D. 67% E. 75%
Thanks, Saquib Quant Expert eGMAT] Hi Since the distance covered by James in (90+90) minutes is same as Patrick in 90 minutes, speed of P is TWICE that of J.. Now it will be easier to give a number to each.. Let J's speed be 1kph, so P's speed will be 2kph.... We are looking for both to meet after 8 hour.. So in 8 HR , J will travel at constant rate @1kph= 8*1=8km.. P travels at 2kph for 2 hrs so travels 4km... Remaining Kms=84=4... So Phase to travel 4km in remaining 6hr... So speed becomes 4/6=2/3kph... Reduction=22/3=4/3 %=(4/3)/2*100=4/6*100=200/3=66.667% EgmatQuantExpert pl correct your choices as you are asking for "meeting in EXACT 8 hrs"..
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Word Problem  James started from his home and drove eastwards at a co [#permalink]
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22 Jan 2017, 09:58
James started from his home and drove eastwards at a constant speed. Exactly 90 minutes after James stated from his home, his brother Patrick started from the same point and drove in the same direction as James did at a different constant speed. Patrick overtook James exactly 90 minutes after Patrick started his journey and then continued driving at the same speed for another 2 hours. By what percentage should Patrick reduce his speed so that James could catch up with Patrick in exactly 8 hours after Patrick overtook James? A. 25% B. 33% C. 50% D. 67% E. 75%
let p=P's speed p/2=J's speed x=fraction of p driven for last 6 hours in the 8 hours after overtaking J, P drives 2p+6xp miles while J drives 8*(p/2) miles 2p+6xp=4p x=1/3 P should reduce his speed by 2/3=67% D



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Word Problem  James started from his home and drove eastwards at a co [#permalink]
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22 Jan 2017, 12:57
varundixitmro2512 wrote: Well i seriously think we dont expect such questions in GMAT. Although we should be prepared for the worst, but still one might not expect such questions on GMAT( my own perception) As for the explanation. After James(J) travels for 90 min of 1.5 hours Patrick(P) starts and in 90 minutes he crosses J. So P covers a distance in 90 minutes what J covers in 180 minutes. So speed of P is double that of J. Let speed of J be x km/ph and speed of P be 2x km/hr. Then they continue to travel for 2 hours. So in this 2 hours P travels a distance of 4x( 2x x 2) and J travels a distance of 2x. Distance between them will be 2x(4x  2x). Now in order to catch P in 8 hours, J must travel faster than P. Let new slower speed of P be "p". so the eqaution now becomes (2x/xp) = 8. xp will be relative speed 2x distance between them 8 hours as given in the question that J must take. So value of new speed of P will be 3/4x so he has to reduce the speed from 2x to 3/4 x which is around 62.5 not in the options Hey, I agree with your point that we should be prepared for the worst in GMAT and hence this question. The main idea of this question was to see if the students can recognise the pitfall in the question. A few of them missed it and made a mistake. Would you like to revisit your solution and focus on the last line of the question  "By what percentage should Patrick reduce his speed so that James could catch up with Patrick in exactly 8 hours after Patrick overtook James?" Is the solution correct or will we get a different answer? Thanks, Saquib Quant Expert eGMATRegister for our Free Session on Number Properties (held every 3rd week) to solve exciting 700+ Level Questions in a classroom environment under the realtime guidance of our Experts
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Re: Word Problem  James started from his home and drove eastwards at a co [#permalink]
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22 Jan 2017, 13:03
chetan2u wrote: EgmatQuantExpert wrote: Q.) James started from his home and drove eastwards at a constant speed. Exactly 90 minutes after James stated from his home, his brother Patrick started from the same point and drove in the same direction as James did at a different constant speed. Patrick overtook James exactly 90 minutes after Patrick started his journey and then continued driving at the same speed for another 2 hours. By what percentage should Patrick reduce his speed so that James could catch up with Patrick in exactly 8 hours after Patrick overtook James? A. 25% B. 33% C. 50% D. 67% E. 75%
Thanks, Saquib Quant Expert eGMATRegister for our Free Session on Number Properties (held every 3rd week) to solve exciting 700+ Level Questions in a classroom environment under the realtime guidance of our Experts Hi Since the distance covered by James in (90+90) minutes is same as Patrick in 90 minutes, speed of P is TWICE that of J.. Now it will be easier to give a number to each.. Let J's speed be 1kph, so P's speed will be 2kph.... We are looking for both to meet after 2+8 hour.. So in 10 HR , J will travel at constant rate @1kph= 10*1=10km.. P travels at 2kph for 2 hrs so travels 4km... Remaining Kms=104=6... So Phase to travel 6km in remaining 10hr... So speed becomes 6/8=3/4 kph... Reduction=23/4=5/4 %=(5/4)/2*100=5/8 *100=500/8=62.5% EgmatQuantExpert pl correct your choices as you are asking for "meeting in EXACT 8 hrs".. Hey, I agree they are meeting in exactly 8 hours, but then the last line clearly states  "in exactly 8 hours after Patrick overtook James?" In the given solution presented here, you have considered 8+2 hours, which is incorrect. Please Note: The percentages have been rounded off in the options. But then if you find the correct solution, it will be easy to figure out the correct option. Thanks, Saquib Quant Expert eGMATRegister for our Free Session on Number Properties (held every 3rd week) to solve exciting 700+ Level Questions in a classroom environment under the realtime guidance of our Experts
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Re: Word Problem  James started from his home and drove eastwards at a co [#permalink]
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27 Mar 2017, 05:51
Solution Given• Patrick started 90 minutes = 1.5 hours after James started his journey
o So, James would have travelled for 1.5 hours when Patrick started his journey • Patrick overtook James exactly after 1. 5 hours of Patrick starting his journey
o So, by the time Patrick overtook James, James would have travelled for 1.5 + 1.5 = 3 hours • Patrick drove at the same speed for another 2 hours after overtaking James and then reduces his speed
o So, by that time James would have travelled a total of 3 + 2 = 5 hours o Also, let Patrick reduce his speed by x% o So, patrick’s reduced speed = P – x% of P kilometres per hour • James has to catch up with Patrick exactly 8 hours after Patrick overtook James
o As Patrick overtook James when James had travelled for 3 hours, James would catch up with Patrick when James would have travelled for 3 + 8 = 11 hours To Find: Value of x in percentage Approach: 1. We need to find the reduced speed of Patrick in terms of the initial speed of Patrick. 2. Distance = Speed * Time. Since we know the time for which Patrick travelled, if we can find the distance travelled by Patrick, we would be able to find his speed. 3. Now, we can see from the diagram above that at certain points, Patrick and James are together. As they started from the same point, they would have travelled the same distance in reaching those points.
a. So, we would try to find the distance travelled by James and then equate it with distance travelled by Patrick to find the reduced speed of Patrick 4. We know that the speed of James is constant throughout the journey. Hence, the distance covered by him in time t will be J*t kilometres, where J is the constant speed of James. Therefore, the total distance covered by him in 11 hours is 11J. 5. We know that Partick starts 1.5 hrs later than James. He travels for 3.5 hrs with a speed P and then reduces his speed to P’ for the next 6 hours. Therefore, the distance covered by Patrick overall is 3.5P+6P’. 6. We know that there are 2 times in the journey when Patrick and James are together.
a. Time 1: When James has travelled for 3 hours and Patrick has travelled for 1.5 hrs.
b. Time 2: At the end of 11 hours after James commenced his Journey.
7. Using these equations, we can find the relationship between P and P’. Once we find this relationship, we can then find out by how much percent did Patrick reduce his speed, by:
a. \(\mathrm x=\frac{\mathrm P\mathrm P’}{\mathrm P}\ast100\) Working Out
1. Total Distance travelled by James = 11J….(1) 2. Total Distance travelled by Patrick = 3.5 P + 6P’, where P’ = P – x% of P….(2) 3. Since the total Distance covered by James = total distance covered by Patrick, we can equate (1) and (2) to get
a. 11J = 3.5 P + 6P’…..(3) 4. Also, as Patrick overtook James at t =3 hours, distance covered by James (till t = 3 hours) = Distance covered by Patrick (till t= 3 hours). So, we have
a. 3J = 1.5 P b. J = 0.5 P….(4) 5. Substituting (4) in (3), we have
a. 5.5P = 3.5P + 6P’ b. 0.33*P = P’ c. P – 67% of P = P – x% of P d. So, x = 67% Correct Answer = 67% = Option D
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Re: Word Problem  James started from his home and drove eastwards at a co [#permalink]
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10 Apr 2017, 07:25
the answer should be D,here is my solution let's take J's speed=10 km/h so he has traveled for 3 hrs initially that is 10*3=30km. now take P's speed =20km/h as we get to know that the time at which they have met is 90 minutes after J has traveled so p has also traveled 1.5*20=30kms.
now P has traveled for the same constant rate for 2 hours after meeting so he has traveled in 3.5 hours = 30+20+20=70 kms. and as J has to catch him in 8hours after first meeting with P, so in reaming 6hrs . P must have reduced his speed, and he has traveled in remaining 6hrs that will be 6*20=80 so total distance covered by P is 70+80=150kms.
now j's speed has been constant during the whole journey so he must have traveled 8*10+30=110kms . so the difference btw those distance is 40 , now look for option suppose if p had to reduce his speed with 50% then he must have traveled in remaining 6hrs for 60+70=130kms that is still more so take 67%which almost 2/3 so his current speed for 6 hours will be 20*1/3 and he has traveled 20*1/3*6=40 and total distance covered will be 110(70+40) . hence D is the answer
thanks please kudos if you it helped .




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