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Intern
Joined: 15 Jan 2011
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18 Jan 2011, 18:39
Would you be so kind as to help me solve this RC?

Until recently, nearly everyone thought of intelligence as a single entity that could be measured by a simple IQ test. In 1983, however, Dr. Howard Gardner, a professor of education at Harvard University, introduced his theory of multiple intelligences. Today, there are two major schools of thought on intelligence. Despite extensive and ongoing research, scientists have been unable to prove definitively one theory over the other.
The single intelligence model is based on the idea of one general intelligence, known as positive manifold or simply g. Perhaps the most convincing evidence in support of this theory is the fact that individuals who perform well on tests of one cognitive ability also perform well on tests of a second cognitive ability. For example, those who do well on verbal tests also do well on mathematics tests, and vice versa. Another argument in support of the general intelligence theory is the strong positive correlation between intelligent quotient, or IQ, as measured by psychometric tests, and reaction time. Individuals with faster reaction times or neural processing speeds have higher IQs, suggesting that neural processing speed is equivalent to the one general intelligence.
The theory of multiple intelligences asserts that there is more than one type of intelligence. Proponents of this model differ on the number of intelligences. Gardner, for example, originally proposed seven, but has since added an eighth. His categories are linguistic, logical-mathematical, musical, spatial, bodily kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and naturalist. Dr. Robert Sternberg, a professor of psychology and education at Yale University, proposes a triarchic theory of intelligence, which divides intelligence into three categories: analytical, creative, and practical. Gardner’s theory is supported primarily by biological evidence. By studying individuals with paralysis, speech impairment, or other disabilities, Gardner has been able to identify specific parts of the brain associated with different physical and cognitive skills. Sternberg’s model relies on observations of real-life situations. He notes that in Brazil, for example, street children can do the math they need to know to survive, thereby demonstrating practical intelligence, but cannot pass a school math class, which requires analytical intelligence.

According to the passage, the term “positive manifold” can be most closely identified with which of the following?

A)The correlation between IQ and reaction time
B)The observation that individuals with speech impairment are able to demonstrate other forms of intelligence
C)The relationship between IQ and performance on standardized tests
D)The three intelligences proposed by Dr. Robert Sternberg
E)Neural processing speed

The author mentions the correlation between IQ and reaction time in order to

A)provide justification for Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences
B)explain the triarchic model of intelligence proposed by Robert Sternberg
C)introduce the idea of positive manifold
D)point out one argument in support of general intelligence
E)prove that the single intelligence model is superior to the theory of multiple intelligences

The author of this passage would most likely agree with which of the following?

A)The theory of multiple intelligences is relatively new and untested.
C)Dr. Sternberg’s theory would be strengthened by the discovery of biological evidence for his conclusions.
D)The theory of multiple intelligences is undermined by disagreements among its proponents as to the number of intelligences.
E)There is stronger biological evidence in favor of the single-intelligence model than of the theory of multiple intelligences.

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Intern
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19 Jan 2011, 09:49
IMO
A C E

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22 Jan 2011, 12:42
DDE IMO
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28 Jan 2011, 03:14
A
D
D

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29 Jan 2011, 17:13
A D C

D cannot be the answer to #3; just because the scientists disagree on the number of intelligences, it doesn't mean that multiple intelligence theory is flawed. As long as they all agree that # of intelligences > 1, it's good to go.

E... there is nothing said or implies about stronger biological evidence. In fact, Gardner's theory (multiple intelligences) is backed by biological evidences as well.

The author talked about biological evidences for the Gardner’s theory, and in the next sentence he inroduced a new theory backed by observations. Hence that theory will be stronger if scientists back it up by discovering biological evidence
_________________

12/23 GMATPrep #1: 730 q50 v38
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...
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31 Jan 2011, 02:53

What is OA?
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In The World Full Of Duplicates,, I Am The Only Masterpiece..
Girl Power
http://gmatclub.com/forum/beat-the-beast-with-non-native-speaker-108349.html

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31 Jan 2011, 08:22
A D D...

the last one i believe is D bcoz the Dr. is more concerned about real time findings.
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Manager
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31 Jan 2011, 08:22
A D D...

the last one i believe is D bcoz the Dr. is more concerned about real time findings.
_________________

Knewton Free Test 10/03 - 710 (49/37)
Princeton Free Test 10/08 - 610 (44/31)
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Senior Manager
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20 Feb 2011, 12:39
4:50 min

E - The single intelligence model is based on the idea of one general intelligence, known as positive manifold or simply g. ..... Individuals with faster reaction times or neural processing speeds have higher IQs, suggesting that neural processing speed is equivalent to the one general intelligence.
D
C

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20 Feb 2011, 14:18
IMO
1. A - "The single intelligence model is based on the idea of one general intelligence, known as positive manifold or simply g. Perhaps the most convincing evidence in support of this theory is the fact that individuals who perform well on tests of one cognitive ability also perform well on tests of a second cognitive ability. For example, those who do well on verbal tests also do well on mathematics tests, and vice versa. Another argument in support of the general intelligence theory is the strong positive correlation between intelligent quotient, or IQ, as measured by psychometric tests, and reaction time."

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Senior Manager
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03 Apr 2011, 07:41
IMO E D D

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Senior Manager
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03 Apr 2011, 07:45
IMO E D D

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