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# Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the

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Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2005, 16:25
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The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2018

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 776
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Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.

A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all
D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely
E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all

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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2017, 04:09
manojhanagandi wrote:
Can anybody please tel me that the use of "Almost entirely" is not redundant

Sent from my GT-I9082 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app

100% implies entirely.
99.99% implies almost entirely.

Therefore "entirely" and "almost entirely" are not the same, and " almost entirely" is not redundant.

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Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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29 May 2017, 18:08
Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.

A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all
D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely
E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all

Quote:
Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.

GMATNinja It sounds odd to say social wasps, wasps that live. Could you clarify the modifier in this problem?
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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30 May 2017, 09:43
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hazelnut wrote:

GMATNinja It sounds odd to say social wasps, wasps that live. Could you clarify the modifier in this problem?

Hi hazelnut , "wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of" is called an absolute phrase modifier. It is modifying the "social wasps".

Here "wasps" is a noun and "that live .... " is modifier that modifies the noun "wasps".
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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02 Jun 2017, 14:06
Quote:
Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.

A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all
D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely
E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all

abhimahna wrote:
hazelnut wrote:

GMATNinja It sounds odd to say social wasps, wasps that live. Could you clarify the modifier in this problem?

Hi hazelnut , "wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of" is called an absolute phrase modifier. It is modifying the "social wasps".

Here "wasps" is a noun and "that live .... " is modifier that modifies the noun "wasps".

Thanks abhimahna! As explained earlier in the thread by daagh, choice (B) uses a resumptive modifier--a modifier that repeats a key word and provides additional information or description (just like in this sentence!). Although this might sound awkward to the ear, it is an acceptable construction.

Rather than worry too much about this construction, make sure you understand why the other choices need to be eliminated!
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Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2017, 09:43
Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.

A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of - "they" refers to what, is not clear + "they" if referring to "wasps" will mean that "wasps consist almost entirely.." is incorrect, it is the "society" that "consist almost entirelY.."
B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of - BEST CHOICE, corrects the relation b/2 society and "consists entirely of.."
C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all - "which" refers to "social wasps" making this option unclear + "almost all" describes what
D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely - "their" reference and "it" reference is unclear + "it is" violates parallilsm
E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all - "it" reference is not clear + "it is" violates parallelism
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2017, 08:47
Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world’s social wasps, wasps living in a highly
cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile
female workers.

A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
“society” is NOT a place …use of “where” to refer to society is Incorrect..
Pronoun “they” should refer to the “society” and hence should be singular “it”

B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
Correct..This is an absolute phrase starting with noun (wasps) and its modifier phrase (that live in ….)

C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all
“which” illogically refers to “wasps” ..

D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely
Same as C

E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all
The “that is highly…” clause is already modifying the noun “society” hence the use of “it” again after “and” is redundant and ungrammatical.
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2017, 22:09
Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.

1) Yellow jackets (subject)………………………………………number (verb)
2) “among” is used for more than two people. Here also it is used correctly with 900 or so species.
3) “comma+wasps” give more information about wasps before comma.
4) I think wasps living…………………workers is a noun + noun modifier that presents more information about wasps.
5) Where vs in which: where is used for real places whereas in which is used for anything other than places.
6) The pronoun ‘they’ (I think) refers to society which is incorrect (Plural-Singular)

A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
Incorrect

B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
Correct
C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all
‘which’ always refers to the noun immediately before it. Incorrect.

D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely
Same error as in D

E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all
Comma+verb-ing mostly presents result of the previous action. In this case, it means that because yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species, they live in highly cooperative society. Does not really makes sense.
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2017, 22:20
hazelnut wrote:
Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.

A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all
D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely
E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all

Quote:
Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.

GMATNinja It sounds odd to say social wasps, wasps that live. Could you clarify the modifier in this problem?

It does sound a little awkward may be because we do not use such complex construction in our day to day life.

A simple phrase to remember could be “Noun+Noun modifier”. Simple because you know what is noun and you know a modifier that modifies noun.

Noun +Noun modifier are pretty flexible in how or what they modify in a sentence i.e. they can modify a preceding noun (like in this question: wasps), any noun in preceding clause, or the complete preceding clause (in this case, it will always present some additional information).

But rule of thumb is “Meaning and entity being modified MUST BE VERY CLEAR” i.e. this noun +noun modifier must not refer to more than one thing. (Remember this rule and you will not face any issues while solving sentence correction questions).
One more point is in a noun+noun modifier, there can be a pronoun as well in place of noun.

Have a look at this amazing article by e-gmat: https://e-gmat.com/blogs/noun-noun-modi ... ny-entity/

I hope it helps.

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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2017, 23:27
GMATNinja and daagh

I have written my analysis of the questions above but still have a small doubt about option A.

The phrase: wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females.

Is this a noun+noun modifier ?

wasps (noun) + verb-ing modifier but again its followed by organized society (noun) + where modifier.

If there was no where and they error, will this modifier be correct?
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2017, 23:04
B is the correct answer.

Eliminate A because WHERE can ONLY refer to places, not metaphorical places or events.
Eliminate C and D because WHICH refers to WASPS and doesn't work with the rest of the clauses; WASPS don't mean anything
Eliminate E because of the superfluous IT.
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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07 Nov 2017, 17:04
daagh wrote:
A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of---- wrong because, the reference to ---they-- is ambiguous; it could be wasps, or the 900 or so species or yellow jackets; drop it. In addition, a society is gathering and not a physical place; hence society and where cannot go together.

B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of --- a good choice using the resumptive modifier wasps that repeats an already stated noun and defines it with further info.

C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all---- wrong use of ‘which’

D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely---- same as in D

E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all --- there should be fanboy ‘and’ after cooperative, because the IC --- and it consists of ----is not part of the first list.

I have some reservations about option B for using restricting relative modifier "that live". Meaning wise, it narrows the set of wasps we are talking about in the first clause and only refers to a class of wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society....

can someone suggest where I am going wrong with this thinking?

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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the   [#permalink] 07 Nov 2017, 17:04

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# Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the

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