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# Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the

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Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2005, 16:25
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The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2018

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 776
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Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.

A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all
D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely
E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2010, 00:05
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chiayu wrote:
Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world'd social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females- the queen and her sterile female workers.

A) wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
B) wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
C) which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all
D) which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely
E) living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all

My questions is why answer B starts with wasps.
Answers C, D, and E are adjective clauses describing previous sentence or wasps. But why answer B starts with wasps. Is it an appositive?

Lets make sentence a bit simple....

red ants number among the 900 or so species of the worlds ants, ants living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females- the X and the Y.....

C & D are outright wrong because in " which means" which would refer to ants that cannot mean anything stated later on.

E is wrong because even if "It" may refer to society it is redudant and not parallel...the sentence should have been...

living in a society that is highly cooperative and organized, consisting of almost all...

Now between A&B...

An appositive is a noun or noun phrase that immediately follows another noun. An appositive explains or defines the noun it follows and is set off by commas.

eg: Mexico City, the biggest city in the world, has many interesting archaeological sites.

Mexico City = the biggest city in the world

Appositives are always set off by commas. Another interesting aspect of appositives is that they can always be exchanged with the nouns they modify as in another example:

The altitude of Lhasa, the capital of Tibet, is over 12,000 feet.
The altitude of the capital of Tibet, Lhasa, is over 12,000 feet.

So clearly wasps living in a highly cooperative.....is not an appositive but a modifier clause that modifies worlds social wasps...

Now again coming back to a&b

A has a big problem....it says that they consist of....where only logical referrant to they is wasps. But we know that wasps can not consist of females but a society can....

So clearly the Answer is B...
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2005, 03:24
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Between (A) and (B), will go with (B).

(A) - ... world's social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females ... "where" does not do well to qualify the organized society, if that's what it was there for.

(B) - ... wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of females ... - cooperative and organized society consising almost entirely ... is a more appropriate usage.

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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2013, 10:51
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Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.

A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
"Where" modifies actual place and not the metaphorical place such as Society.
B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
"that" correctly modifies wasps, consisting correctly modifies society. Hence correct !
C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all
Which means => what means????? Which cannot refer to idea stated in preceding clause for that purpose we have an absolute phrase
D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely
Same as (C).
E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all
Makes error in ||ism
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2010, 09:22
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Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females-the queen and her sterile female workers.

(A) wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
(B) wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
(C) which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all
(D) which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely
(E) living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all

I need the right answer and a good explanation

not c or d because the antecedent of "which" is social wasps. It's like saying -- social wasps means that they live. Doesn't really make sense.
e is no parallel
in a the use of "they consist" is not correct because it refers to wasps when it should refer to society because society consists of something not wasps consist of something

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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2012, 10:15
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A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of---- wrong because, the reference to ---they-- is ambiguous; it could be wasps, or the 900 or so species or yellow jackets; drop it. In addition, a society is gathering and not a physical place; hence society and where cannot go together.

B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of --- a good choice using the resumptive modifier wasps that repeats an already stated noun and defines it with further info.

C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all---- wrong use of ‘which’

D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely---- same as in D

E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all --- there should be fanboy ‘and’ after cooperative, because the IC --- and it consists of ----is not part of the first list.
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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12 May 2013, 21:23
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Genopath wrote:
B: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of...

Isn't this a run-on sentence?

A run-on sentence is when two independent clauses are connected by a comma. Here, wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of... is not independent clause (in fact, it is not a clause at all; it is a phrase).

This kind of contruct is very common on GMAT (because it is not intuitive and is never used in verbal communication). A lot of questions test you on this and you would be well advised to make yourself comfortable. Following are a couple of sentences in OG that use this construct (I have put the correct option in bold and italicized the absolute modifier):

Scientists have observed large concentrations of heavy-metal deposits in the upper twenty centimeters of Baltic Sea sediments, which are consistent with the growth of industrial activity there.
(A) Baltic Sea sediments, which are consistent with the growth of industrial activity there
(B) Baltic Sea sediments, where the growth of industrial activity is consistent with these findings
(C) Baltic Sea sediments, findings consistent with its growth of industrial activity
(D) sediments from the Baltic Sea, findings consistent with the growth of industrial activity in the area
(E) sediments from the Baltic Sea, consistent with the growth of industrial activity there

Another example from Official Verbal supplement:

Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array of buoys collects and transmits data on long-term interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere, interactions that affect global climate.
A. atmosphere, interactions that affect
B. atmosphere, with interactions affecting
C. atmosphere that affects
D. atmosphere that is affecting
E. atmosphere as affects

Let me know if you want more examples and I can pull them up. There is no dearth of sentences using absolute modifier: ).
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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30 Sep 2015, 03:12
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Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world’s social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females--the queen and her sterile female workers.

A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all
D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely
E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all

Quote:
I chose E, but OG says and it consists violates the parallelism of the three descriptions.how come?i know that both cooperative and organized are parallel(these adjectives modify "society"), but dosen't "comma+and" introduce a new and independent clasue? what's wrong with that?besides, "it" refers clearly to "society". please correct me if im wrong.

Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world’s social wasps,
living in a society that is
• highly cooperative,
• organized, and
• it consists of almost all females--
the queen and her sterile female workers.

don't u think it is redundant. since 3rd item of the list is not parallel in terms with 1st and 2nd items of the list. even if it is removed that is consists of phrase is still incorrect.

I hope this helps
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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30 May 2017, 09:43
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hazelnut wrote:

GMATNinja It sounds odd to say social wasps, wasps that live. Could you clarify the modifier in this problem?

Hi hazelnut , "wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of" is called an absolute phrase modifier. It is modifying the "social wasps".

Here "wasps" is a noun and "that live .... " is modifier that modifies the noun "wasps".
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2005, 18:22
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Paul wrote:
Had some trouble b/w A and B. I think A on second thought is better

I had the same trouble but I think I will go for B.
I think A has following problem:

1.wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of

THEY has no Referant. It reads to me as if WASPS consist of... where as it's the socitey.

For E ..."IT" is intrusive and has no referant. It breaks IIism and moreover "almost" is awakward and changes the meaning too.

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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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13 Nov 2005, 03:09
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I would have chosen B here because E seemed weird but to be honest I have no idea about this construction :

Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps

where is the verb ? I mean I dont understand at all this structure ? Can someone explain a little more...

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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2008, 11:54
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Explanations plz ...

Opinions take us nowhere

Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world’s social wasps, wasps living ...

Is it acceptable to have two wasps one after the other ...
Also what is the second clause ... is it a modifier or a subclause ?? ...
Im totally clueless ... someone pls help

Also can someone plz elaborate on each of the options ...

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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2010, 21:28
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When gmat gives you a hint then take it. Resumative modifiers are preferred.

A : "where" needs geographical location.
C,D : which does not have antecedent
E : "and it" violates the parallelism of the modifiers - highly cooperative, organized and consist

Lets look at B
B) wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
"wasps" is a resumative modifier which avoids confusion as "what" is being modified.

B it is.

Parallel SC.

Since the 1930's aircraft manufacturers have tried to
build airplanes with frictionless wings, shaped so
smoothly and perfectly
that the air passing over
them would not become turbulent.

(A) wings, shaped so smoothly and perfectly
(B) wings, wings so smooth and so perfectly shaped
(C) wings that are shaped so smooth and perfect
(D) wings, shaped in such a smooth and perfect manner
(E) wings, wings having been shaped smoothly and
perfectly so

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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2013, 19:35
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Quote:
herrgrau wrote : wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
What does they refer to? It sounds like the wasp itself is part female and part male.

this is wrong .i dont understand where did u find "male part" in the sentence when its clearly mentioned that the society consists almost entirely of females !!!

the real reason as why A is wrong is that its the society that can consist almost entirely of females and not "the wasps" as propounded by A

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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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12 May 2013, 14:28
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Genopath wrote:
B: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of...

Isn't this a run-on sentence?

Hi Genopath

B is not a run-on sentence.

Run-on error doesn't mean a long sentence, a really short sentence, however, could be run-on.

If you separate two parts in B into two sentences. The second subject would be "wasps" in general. That will changes the intended meaning.

The intended meaning is that Yellow jackets are wasps that live in................... The second part "wasps that live...." modifies the subject - Yellow jackets. Hence, we cannot put a dot between two parts.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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19 Sep 2015, 03:02
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Hi Reto,

In C and D we have wrong usage of "which".

In E there is no parallelism.

In A.. "society" is an imaginary place and using "where" for it is wrong.

In B.. "that" refers to the "wasps" which also serves as the subject. consisting(verbing) rightly modifies the preceding noun "society". So B it is.

Can you put forth your reasoning more elaborately so all can benefit from it?

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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2016, 23:07
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kolheanup wrote:
I am very much depress,I will suicide soon..

I am alone,studying from past 1 year..

I have no future in my company now as I neglect my work in office so that I can get the time

My friend, don't get depressed. If you are not able to prepare well or not improving, I think you MUST change your strategy.

Also, You must first sit and decide whether you need to go for an MBA or not. There are multiple options that you could have other than MBA.

So, its worth deciding that first and then proceed. Being in a dilemma will not take you anywhere and will only have your time wasted.

So, reach out to a counselor and find out what you need in life first.

If you wanna know how to work on MBA part while improving from your past experiences, you should talk to experts. We have so many experts here on the forum. Go ahead and ask anyone. People here are too helpful.

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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2005, 18:32
Hmmm, I went for B first but I see my mistake now by switching to A . A's appositive structure includes a verb but yet, "consist of" should not be there because a phrase has no verb! I was just bothered by the fact that B has active voice "consisting of" which is not as good as "consist of". However, in this case, it seems best as it avoids the inclusion of an intrusive verb. It seems like not doing verbal questions for a while makes you rusty
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2005, 21:21
saurabhmalpani wrote:
Paul wrote:
Had some trouble b/w A and B. I think A on second thought is better

I had the same trouble but I think I will go for B.
I think A has following problem:

1.wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of

THEY has no Referant. It reads to me as if WASPS consist of... where as it's the socitey.

For E ..."IT" is intrusive and has no referant. It breaks IIism and moreover "almost" is awakward and changes the meaning too.

Saurabh Malpani

I am confused with the usage of "wasps" again in "B", the stem talks abt "Yellow Jackets" specifically, making it a subject, usage of "wasps" in B again alters the meaning of the stem, making it sound like stem talks abt wasps in general and not "Yellow Jacket".....me confused

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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2005, 21:21
I will go with B as well

A has a problem by using "where" B fixes this problem with relative pronoun that
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the   [#permalink] 24 Jan 2005, 21:21

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