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Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to

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Re: please explain [#permalink]

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New post 26 Oct 2009, 15:15
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IMO D.

A ) Original sentence- maintain good eating habits caused by the desire to be as thin as possible - conveys wrong meaning
B ) Awkward sentence
C ) "Because they desire to be as thin as possible" can not modify "good eating habits "
D ) "Because they desire to be as thin as possible" correctly modifies young female ballet dancers - no pronoun reference error - correct answer choice
E ) they - can refer to Young female ballet dancers or good eating habits - pronoun reference error.

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Re: please explain [#permalink]

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New post 26 Oct 2009, 21:36
IMO it is D,
but have no idea, why E is less preferable.
It looked perfectly fine to me...
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Re: please explain [#permalink]

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New post 26 Oct 2009, 23:32
In E, the 'they' after 'because' refers to eating habits. Hence, wrong.

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Re: please explain [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2009, 10:56
Thx ssandeepan, I found hard to choose between D & E but your explanation is very clear

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Re: please explain [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2009, 11:00
D for me, E they is ambiguous...
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Re: Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2009, 07:31
I also have a hard time to choose between D and E.

But in E they seems ambiguous, and pick D.

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Re: Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2010, 05:26
ugimba wrote:
izing wrote:
Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits caused by the desire to be as thin as possible.

A) Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits caused by the desire to be as thin as possible.
B) Good eating habits sometimes fail to be maintained by young female ballet dancers and gymnasts caused by desiring to be as thin as possible.
C) Because they desire to be as thin as possible, good eating habits are sometimes not maintained by young female ballet dancers and gymnasts.
D) Because they desire to be as thin as possible, young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits.
E) Young female dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits because they desire to be as thin as possible.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Kaplan says answer is D, I think the answer is E. Here's what Kaplan has to say, which I don't understand:
The modifier is misplaced here. What is caused by the desire to be as thin as possible? Not good eating habits, though that's the impression you could get from (A), and not the ballet dancers and gymnasts, though that's the impression you could get from (B). And who or what desires to be as thin as possible? Not good eating habits, though you could get that impression from (C) or (E), both of which use the passive voice unnecessarily and confusingly. The answer is (D), in which pronoun reference and the placement of modifiers is perfectly clear.


A side question: do posting this information here for discussion break the copyright law? I suppose not, as I am not reproducing or distributing the content, rather putting just a question up for discussion.


My Pick is D.

'they' in D refers to young athletes , but 'they' in E can refer to 'eating habits ' also. this 'they' in E is ambiguous.

Indeed I am having a very bad day today.Got a veritas prep challebge CR wrong and now this.
Because is a subordinate clause ,the antecedent of a pronoun in a subordinate clause has to refer to the subject of the preceding clause structurally.
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Re: Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2010, 05:32
boeinz wrote:
E looks fine but when it is compared to D (which is 100% clear), 'they' in 'E' can refer to habits, although logically, no one would think so.

The Because clause is a verb modifier and a verb modifier need not be close close to the verb it modifies
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Re: Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2010, 05:48
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Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits caused by the desire to be as thin as possible.

D) Because they desire to be as thin as possible, young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits.
E) Young female dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits because they desire to be as thin as possible.

Let me try with two contenders

( D ) doesnt create any confusion as far as Pronoun " They " is concerned, it can very easily be inferred that "THEY" refers to Young female.......

( E ) In this option, one may confuse that THEY refers to the eating habits and not the young female.....

The crux is to understand the construction of any sentence while evaluating the given answer choices rather than choose answer choice on the basis of implied meaning or the implied logical reasoning of the sentence.

hope this helps
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Re: Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2010, 06:29
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E states "Young female dancers" instead of "young female ballet dancers". Easily out. D is right
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Re: Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2010, 07:22
hirendhanak wrote:
Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits caused by the desire to be as thin as possible.

D) Because they desire to be as thin as possible, young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits.
E) Young female dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits because they desire to be as thin as possible.

Let me try with two contenders

( D ) doesnt create any confusion as far as Pronoun " They " is concerned, it can very easily be inferred that "THEY" refers to Young female.......

( E ) In this option, one may confuse that THEY refers to the eating habits and not the young female.....

The crux is to understand the construction of any sentence while evaluating the given answer choices rather than choose answer choice on the basis of implied meaning or the implied logical reasoning of the sentence.

hope this helps


This explanation is best. D and E are obviously the ones that people are choosing between (me included) however, as crazy as it looks, "they" could have possibly been referring to the eating habits. Because of this possibility, as crazy as it looks, it simply could not be the answer. I try to always think about the GMAT test creators when I see questions like this. Although questions may be tough, they are not going to have any answers that could be that controversial or contended. If there is even a distinct possibility that a word like "they" could be referring to more than one thing, it really can't be the correct answer.

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Re: Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2010, 08:18
I was down to D and E, eventually I picked D, because nearest possible antecedent for THEY, was eating habits, which are not intended. Thus D.
admittedly, E ( apart from using they) is clearer than D.

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Re: Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2010, 08:52
urgh.. yes this is sooo GMAC question.
I am at work -can't point to the question- but there is an exact type question in OG12.

redoing OG over and over again is the correct way to go for SC!

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Re: Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2010, 08:57
izing wrote:
Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits caused by the desire to be as thin as possible.

(A) Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits caused by the desire to be as thin as possible.
(B) Good eating habits sometimes fail to be maintained by young female ballet dancers and gymnasts caused by desiring to be as thin as possible.
(C) Because they desire to be as thin as possible, good eating habits are sometimes not maintained by young female ballet dancers and gymnasts.
(D) Because they desire to be as thin as possible, young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits.
(E) Young female dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits because they desire to be as thin as possible.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OE
Kaplan says answer is D, I think the answer is E. Here's what Kaplan has to say, which I don't understand:
The modifier is misplaced here. What is caused by the desire to be as thin as possible? Not good eating habits, though that's the impression you could get from (A), and not the ballet dancers and gymnasts, though that's the impression you could get from (B). And who or what desires to be as thin as possible? Not good eating habits, though you could get that impression from (C) or (E), both of which use the passive voice unnecessarily and confusingly. The answer is (D), in which pronoun reference and the placement of modifiers is perfectly clear.


A side question: do posting this information here for discussion break the copyright law? I suppose not, as I am not reproducing or distributing the content, rather putting just a question up for discussion.

I choose D and then I read the OA. I agree with Kaplan that the answer is D because E is missing the word "ballet" after female which changes the meaning of the original sentence. So, E cannot be the answer.
A is wong because it wordier and the wrong use of the subordinator. We prefer "because" in place of "caused by". "Caused by" is same as "due to". Because is the coorect subordinator here.
B is wrong because the sentence is a fragment as it is missing the verb "are" in the first part.
C is icoorect because of wrong use of modifier. Its just awkward.
E is incorrect because it misses the word "ballet". Otherwise, it would have been the best answer.

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Re: Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2010, 12:20
D is orrect because of modifier placement

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Re: Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2010, 21:13
Dear Friends
Its a difficult between D and E even I chose E.Not convinced with the reasoning that THEY in E refers to habbits.THEY is preceded by because a conjunction so they must refer to the subjects i.e dancers and gymnansts.......................Not convinced with D.Please help.
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Re: Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail [#permalink]

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New post 16 Oct 2010, 06:15
Between D and E, D looks much better.
In E, the pronoun "They" looks ambiguious.

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Re: Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail [#permalink]

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New post 16 Oct 2010, 06:26
I outrightly rejected 'D' (as well as 'C') because it started with 'Because'.
'B' is not active voice.
Was down to 'A' and 'E', but former does not make clear whether "good eating habits" are caused by "the desire to be as thin as possible" or "failure to maintain" them is caused by the "desire to be as thin as possible".
Though 'E' missed the word 'Ballet', i was willing to live with it.

Clearly, never even got close.
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Re: Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail [#permalink]

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New post 19 Oct 2010, 20:27
Thanks for the explaination. Even I chose E and now I know why it is wrong. Thanks!!!

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Re: Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail [#permalink]

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New post 21 Oct 2010, 05:42
(D) Because they desire to be as thin as possible, young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits.
(E) Young female dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits because they desire to be as thin as possible.


Is it possible that option E does not have word ballet, therefore it is wrong. Can anybody confirm it?

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Re: Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail   [#permalink] 21 Oct 2010, 05:42

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