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# Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to

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Re: Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2012, 13:41
A) Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits caused by the desire to be as thin as possible.
(B) Good eating habits sometimes fail to be maintained by young female ballet dancers and gymnasts caused by desiring to be as thin as possible.- Passive Voice
(C) Because they desire to be as thin as possible, good eating habits are sometimes not maintained by young female ballet dancers and gymnasts.- Misplaced Modifier error
(D) Because they desire to be as thin as possible, young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits.
(E) Young female dancers (Its Ballet dancers not just dancers) and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits because they desire to be as thin as possible.

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Re: Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2012, 09:34
+ 1 D.
because modifier correctly modifies dancers(subject)
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Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to [#permalink]

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02 Apr 2012, 10:43
947. Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits caused by the desire to be as thin as possible.
(A) Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits caused by the desire to be as thin as possible.
(B) Good eating habits sometimes fail to be maintained by young female ballet dancers and gymnasts caused by desiring to be as thin as possible.
(C) Because they desire to be as thin as possible, good eating habits are sometimes not maintained by young female ballet dancers and gymnasts.
(D) Because they desire to be as thin as possible, young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits.
(E) Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits because they desire to be as thin as possible.
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Re: *****Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail [#permalink]

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02 Apr 2012, 10:44
How to choose between D and E ????
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Re: *****Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail [#permalink]

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02 Apr 2012, 21:33
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shikhar wrote:
How to choose between D and E ????

Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits because they desire to be as thin as possible.

Answer choice E is wrong because "they" can refer to either "young female ballet dancers and gymnasts" or "good eating habits." It is ambiguous.

Because they desire to be as thin as possible, young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits.

Answer choice D above does not have the ambiguity problem because the first clause modifies "young female ballet dancers and gymnasts" so the "they" is known to refer to "young female ballet dancers and gymnasts"

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Re: *****Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail [#permalink]

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02 Apr 2012, 22:02
Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits caused by the desire to be as thin as possible.
(A) Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits caused by the desire to be as thin as possible.
(B) Good eating habits sometimes fail to be maintained by young female ballet dancers and gymnasts caused by desiring to be as thin as possible.
--> passive

(C) Because they desire to be as thin as possible, good eating habits are sometimes not maintained by young female ballet dancers and gymnasts.
-->passive

(D) Because they desire to be as thin as possible, young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits.
--> here THEY correctly modifies dancers/ gymnasts
CORRECT
(E) Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits because they desire to be as thin as possible.
--> THEY ambiguous
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Re: Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2012, 00:45
izing wrote:
Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits caused by the desire to be as thin as possible.

(A) Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits caused by the desire to be as thin as possible.
(B) Good eating habits sometimes fail to be maintained by young female ballet dancers and gymnasts caused by desiring to be as thin as possible.
(C) Because they desire to be as thin as possible, good eating habits are sometimes not maintained by young female ballet dancers and gymnasts.
(D) Because they desire to be as thin as possible, young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits.
(E) Young female dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits because they desire to be as thin as possible.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OE
Kaplan says answer is D, I think the answer is E. Here's what Kaplan has to say, which I don't understand:
The modifier is misplaced here. What is caused by the desire to be as thin as possible? Not good eating habits, though that's the impression you could get from (A), and not the ballet dancers and gymnasts, though that's the impression you could get from (B). And who or what desires to be as thin as possible? Not good eating habits, though you could get that impression from (C) or (E), both of which use the passive voice unnecessarily and confusingly. The answer is (D), in which pronoun reference and the placement of modifiers is perfectly clear.

A side question: do posting this information here for discussion break the copyright law? I suppose not, as I am not reproducing or distributing the content, rather putting just a question up for discussion.

i pick E over D. in D the pronoun 'they" has no clear referent. A and B just awkward construction i guess. intended meaning is distorted in C
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Re: Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2012, 04:14
Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits caused by the desire to be as thin as possible.

(A) Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits caused by the desire to be as thin as possible.
(B) Good eating habits sometimes fail to be maintained by young female ballet dancers and gymnasts caused by desiring to be as thin as possible.
(C) Because they desire to be as thin as possible, good eating habits are sometimes not maintained by young female ballet dancers and gymnasts.
(D) Because they desire to be as thin as possible, young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits.
(E) Young female dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits because they desire to be as thin as possible.

My understanding :

A : out for usual reasons = caused by the desire.......... not a good constn
B : Caused by desiring = eliminated
C: because they................. is wrongly modifying good eating habits = eliminated

bxn D & E = somesort of cause n effect relationship

D : because OF X = Y happens

E : Y happens because of X

will go for D : because they desire.................. CORRECTLY modifies young female dancers AND Cause n Effect is logically bound.

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Re: Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2012, 04:57
izing wrote:
Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits caused by the desire to be as thin as possible.

(A) Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits caused by the desire to be as thin as possible.
(B) Good eating habits sometimes fail to be maintained by young female ballet dancers and gymnasts caused by desiring to be as thin as possible.
(C) Because they desire to be as thin as possible, good eating habits are sometimes not maintained by young female ballet dancers and gymnasts.
(D) Because they desire to be as thin as possible, young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits.
(E) Young female dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits because they desire to be as thin as possible.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OE
Kaplan says answer is D, I think the answer is E. Here's what Kaplan has to say, which I don't understand:
The modifier is misplaced here. What is caused by the desire to be as thin as possible? Not good eating habits, though that's the impression you could get from (A), and not the ballet dancers and gymnasts, though that's the impression you could get from (B). And who or what desires to be as thin as possible? Not good eating habits, though you could get that impression from (C) or (E), both of which use the passive voice unnecessarily and confusingly. The answer is (D), in which pronoun reference and the placement of modifiers is perfectly clear.

A side question: do posting this information here for discussion break the copyright law? I suppose not, as I am not reproducing or distributing the content, rather putting just a question up for discussion.

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/post5822.html
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Re: Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2012, 04:25
Problem with E -
How can you desire to be as thin as possible? Either you desire to become as thin as possible or remain as thin as possible......I dont know....just a random thought....

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Re: Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2012, 06:49
Sentence correction - Commandments

a) Thou shall not change the meaning of the sentence.
b) Thou shall keep the modifiers close to the subject that they are intended to modify
c) Thou shall remember that most sentences on the gmat will contain multiple errors.
d) Thou shall remember that pronoun ambiguity is sometimes very difficult to discern. Look for other errors.
c) Thou shall remember that the GMAT wants you to choose the best option. Sometimes you may find 2 options that look correct, then go with Commandment b)
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Re: Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2012, 08:19
bhanushalinikhil wrote:
izing wrote:
Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits caused by the desire to be as thin as possible.

A) Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits caused by the desire to be as thin as possible.
B) Good eating habits sometimes fail to be maintained by young female ballet dancers and gymnasts caused by desiring to be as thin as possible.
C) Because they desire to be as thin as possible, good eating habits are sometimes not maintained by young female ballet dancers and gymnasts.
D) Because they desire to be as thin as possible, young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits.
E) Young female dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits because they desire to be as thin as possible.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Kaplan says answer is D, I think the answer is E. Here's what Kaplan has to say, which I don't understand:
The modifier is misplaced here. What is caused by the desire to be as thin as possible? Not good eating habits, though that's the impression you could get from (A), and not the ballet dancers and gymnasts, though that's the impression you could get from (B). And who or what desires to be as thin as possible? Not good eating habits, though you could get that impression from (C) or (E), both of which use the passive voice unnecessarily and confusingly. The answer is (D), in which pronoun reference and the placement of modifiers is perfectly clear.

A side question: do posting this information here for discussion break the copyright law? I suppose not, as I am not reproducing or distributing the content, rather putting just a question up for discussion.

IMO, D is better than choice than E. In E, pronoun "they" is ambigious. Its the position of "they" that creates problem. However, in D, "they" has a confirmed antecedent "young female ballet dancers and gymnasts". This is because the clause "Because they desire to be as thin as possible" is a modifier clause that modifies the subject "young female ballet dancers and gymnasts". Hence "D" seems better choice.

I went for E,,,,to me,,,They is quite clearly indicating dancers and gymnasts,,,,can anyone explain the right choice D

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Re: Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to [#permalink]

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20 Oct 2012, 00:22
check that option E has the wording "Young female dancers" instead of "Young female ballet dancers" - this itself should be enough to eliminate the answer. This is an official question from GMAC, so it is deliberate rather than accidental.

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Re: Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2012, 11:00
D is the right choice.
With E, Young female dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits because they desire to be as thin as possible.
The portions mentioned in red are independent clauses and when you see two independent clauses, they need to be connected by a comma followed by a connecting word (eg. for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so). Here because doesn't make sense and if this option would have been , for they desire to be as thin as possible, then the option would have been right.
Correct me if I am wrong!

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Re: Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to [#permalink]

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22 Dec 2012, 02:14
In choice -E

I understand that they is ambiguous ,but contextually its refer to "Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts" .

Is not we contextually decide on Pronoun "Antecedent"?

Any other reason to eliminate -E

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Re: Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to [#permalink]

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22 Dec 2012, 02:27
vishu1414 wrote:
In choice -E

I understand that they is ambiguous ,but contextually its refer to "Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts" .

Is not we contextually decide on Pronoun "Antecedent"?

Any other reason to eliminate -E

(D) Because they desire to be as thin as possible, young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits.

(E) Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits because they desire to be as thin as possible.

a good reason to judge pronoun-antecedent relationship is context and Proximity.
Here, good eating habits is more close so 'they' than to Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts creating the ambiguity .

Whereas in D there is no doubt that 'they' refers to young ballet dancers & gymnasts

Hope this helps
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Re: Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2012, 04:20
Hi All,

reason for choosing D here is that E mentions young female dancers not young female ballet dancers!!

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Re: Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2012, 05:15
Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits caused by the desire to be as thin as possible.

A) Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits caused by the desire to be as thin as possible. good eating habits are caused by the desire to be thin?? Reverses the meaning of the sentence. Wrong
B) Good eating habits sometimes fail to be maintained by young female ballet dancers and gymnasts caused by desiring to be as thin as possible. same meaning error as A
C) Because they desire to be as thin as possible, good eating habits are sometimes not maintained by young female ballet dancers and gymnasts. they=good eating habits. wrong
D) Because they desire to be as thin as possible, young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits.
E) Young female dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits because they desire to be as thin as possible.they=good eating habits. wrong

It all about the meaning and modifier placement . so D
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Re: Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2012, 06:08
izing wrote:
Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits caused by the desire to be as thin as possible.

(D) Because they desire to be as thin as possible, young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits.
(E) Young female ??? dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits because they desire to be as thin as possible.

Guess we all came down to D and E. Has anyone noticed that answer E lacks the word "ballet"??

(D) Because they desire to be as thin as possible, young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits.
(E) Young female BALLET dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits because they desire to be as thin as possible.

I believe this could also be the reason why E is wrong.

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Re: Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2013, 23:51
I jus thought of this question as this way between D and E 'they' is really farther away in E (i dunno whether not mentioning ballet was a typo or not). Besides are there male ballet dancers? Is female ballet redundant?

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Re: Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to   [#permalink] 08 Oct 2013, 23:51

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