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# Z is a two digit positive integer, Z is equal to 7 times the

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Intern
Joined: 05 Nov 2010
Posts: 32
Z is a two digit positive integer, Z is equal to 7 times the [#permalink]

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05 Nov 2010, 09:41
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(N/A)

Question Stats:

44% (01:55) correct 56% (01:07) wrong based on 106 sessions

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Z is a two digit positive integer, Z is equal to 7 times the sum of its digits. Is Z=84?

1. Sum of its digits is 12
2. Product of its digits is 32
Intern
Joined: 18 Aug 2009
Posts: 41
Location: United States
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 740 Q49 V42
GPA: 3.29
WE: Engineering (Consulting)
Re: Z is a two digit [#permalink]

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05 Nov 2010, 10:15
Creeper300 wrote:
Z is a two digit positive integer, Z is equal to 7 times the sum of its digits. Is Z=84?

1. Sum of its digits is 12
2. Product of its digits is 32

Original Statement:

Z = a b , expressing tens digit as a and ones digit as b.

Z = 7(a+b)

is Z = 84?

Statement 1:

a + b = 12 --> Z = 7 (12) = 84

Sufficient.

Statement 2:

a * b = 32

Factors of 32:

2*16 and 4*8 since a and b has to be single digit 4 and 8 are the only possible choice for a and b.

so Z can be 48 or 84.

Not sufficient

Intern
Joined: 05 Nov 2010
Posts: 32
Re: Z is a two digit [#permalink]

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05 Nov 2010, 22:16
no OA, i believe A can also be 48, 84
Intern
Joined: 18 Aug 2009
Posts: 41
Location: United States
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 740 Q49 V42
GPA: 3.29
WE: Engineering (Consulting)
Re: Z is a two digit [#permalink]

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05 Nov 2010, 22:22
Well original statement says that z = 7 * sum of the digits.

Statement 1 says sum of the digits is 12. so z = 7 * 12 = 84.

is order for z to be 48 it the sum of the digits would have to be 48/7 which is not equal to 12.
Manager
Joined: 21 Aug 2009
Posts: 54
Re: Z is a two digit [#permalink]

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06 Nov 2010, 01:21
According to the question,
Z= 7 (x+y), where x and y are the digits of Z

Statement 1: x+y = 12

Hence substitute this in z= 7 (x+y)
Therefore, Z = 7[*]12
= 84

Statement 1 is sufficient.

Statement 2:
xy= 32

we get the following combination for (x,y):
32,1
2, 16
8,4

Thus Statement 2 is in sufficient

So OA is A
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 39626
Re: Z is a two digit [#permalink]

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06 Nov 2010, 01:47
2
KUDOS
Expert's post
Creeper300 wrote:
Z is a two digit positive integer, Z is equal to 7 times the sum of its digits. Is Z=84?

1. Sum of its digits is 12
2. Product of its digits is 32

Let the tenths and units digits of Z be $$a$$ and $$b$$ respectively, so $$Z=10a+b$$.

Given: $$Z=10a+b=7(a+b)$$ --> $$a=2b$$ --> $$Z=10a+b=20b+b=21b$$, so Z could take only the following 4 values: 21, 42, 63, and 84.

Question: is $$Z=84$$?

(1) Sum of its digits is 12 --> from the possible values of Z only 84 has the sum of its digits equal to 12. Sufficient.
(2) Product of its digits is 32 --> from the possible values of Z only 84 has the product of its digits equal to 32. Sufficient.

_________________
Intern
Joined: 05 Nov 2010
Posts: 32
Re: Z is a two digit [#permalink]

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06 Nov 2010, 19:10
good points, the answer should be D. Since 4,8 are the only options. and only 84 is seven times the sum.
Intern
Joined: 18 Aug 2009
Posts: 41
Location: United States
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 740 Q49 V42
GPA: 3.29
WE: Engineering (Consulting)
Re: Z is a two digit [#permalink]

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07 Nov 2010, 00:56
Wow, thank you Bunuel, I would have totally gotten this wrong on the test haha.

Better here than during the real GMAT.
Senior Manager
Joined: 25 Jul 2010
Posts: 300
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Technology
GMAT 1: 770 Q51 V46
GPA: 3.2
WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
Re: Z is a two digit [#permalink]

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07 Nov 2010, 01:39
1
KUDOS
Creeper300 wrote:
Z is a two digit positive integer, Z is equal to 7 times the sum of its digits. Is Z=84?

1. Sum of its digits is 12
2. Product of its digits is 32

let Z = 10a + b, where a is the tens place digit and b is the ones place digit

10a + b = 7 (a+b) => a = 2b ----- (0)

(1) states that the (a+b) = 12
using (1) and (0), the only possible answer is 84

(2) states that axb = 32
using (2) and (0), the only possible answer is 84.
Manager
Joined: 07 Jan 2010
Posts: 143
Location: So. CA
WE 1: 2 IT
WE 2: 4 Software Analyst
Re: Z is a two digit [#permalink]

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09 Nov 2010, 08:55
my brain is not clicking, but can someone explain how a = 2b?

i'm understanding this part: 10a + b = 7 (a+b)
Intern
Joined: 18 Aug 2009
Posts: 41
Location: United States
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 740 Q49 V42
GPA: 3.29
WE: Engineering (Consulting)
Re: Z is a two digit [#permalink]

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09 Nov 2010, 09:05
gtr022001 wrote:
my brain is not clicking, but can someone explain how a = 2b?

i'm understanding this part: 10a + b = 7 (a+b)

Well 10a + b is just another way of writing a two digits number.

For example, if Z = 65, then Z = 65 = 10*6 + 5. where 6 = "a" and 5 = "b"
taking things further, we can express any length number using the notation above.

so if Z = 12345.6 = 10000*1 + 1000*2 + 100*3 + 10*4 + 5 + 0.1*6

and since we are given the fact that Z = 7 * (sum of the digits) = 7* (a+b)
we are able state that 10a + b = 7 (a+b).
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 39626
Re: Z is a two digit [#permalink]

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09 Nov 2010, 09:07
gtr022001 wrote:
my brain is not clicking, but can someone explain how a = 2b?

i'm understanding this part: 10a + b = 7 (a+b)

$$10a + b = 7 (a+b)$$ --> $$10a+b=7a+7b$$ --> $$3a=6b$$ --> $$a=2b$$.

Hope it's clear.
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Joined: 07 Jan 2010
Posts: 143
Location: So. CA
WE 1: 2 IT
WE 2: 4 Software Analyst
Re: Z is a two digit [#permalink]

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10 Nov 2010, 08:33
ah, crystal clear, thanks guys!
Manager
Joined: 20 Apr 2010
Posts: 210
Schools: ISB, HEC, Said
Re: Z is a two digit [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2010, 23:54
Thanks for post.. Nice question
Manager
Joined: 29 Oct 2010
Posts: 90
Re: Z is a two digit [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2011, 15:25
The answer is D. The number has to be divided 7. So there is only option; 84

Posted from GMAT ToolKit
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Posts: 15937
Re: Z is a two digit positive integer, Z is equal to 7 times the [#permalink]

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11 Nov 2016, 08:08
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Intern
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Re: Z is a two digit positive integer, Z is equal to 7 times the [#permalink]

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19 Feb 2017, 12:27
chaoswithin wrote:
Creeper300 wrote:
Z is a two digit positive integer, Z is equal to 7 times the sum of its digits. Is Z=84?

1. Sum of its digits is 12
2. Product of its digits is 32

Original Statement:

Z = a b , expressing tens digit as a and ones digit as b.

Z = 7(a+b)

is Z = 84?

Statement 1:

a + b = 12 --> Z = 7 (12) = 84

Sufficient.

Statement 2:

a * b = 32

Factors of 32:

2*16 and 4*8 since a and b has to be single digit 4 and 8 are the only possible choice for a and b.

so Z can be 48 or 84.

Not sufficient

In the stem it is already given that Z is 7 times sum of its digit.

Posted from my mobile device
Intern
Joined: 11 Jan 2016
Posts: 5
Re: Z is a two digit positive integer, Z is equal to 7 times the [#permalink]

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24 Feb 2017, 04:47
ramgmat wrote:
According to the question,
Z= 7 (x+y), where x and y are the digits of Z

Statement 1: x+y = 12

Hence substitute this in z= 7 (x+y)
Therefore, Z = 7[*]12
= 84

Statement 1 is sufficient.

Statement 2:
xy= 32

we get the following combination for (x,y):
32,1
2, 16
8,4

Thus Statement 2 is in sufficient

So OA is A

Hi, z is a 2 digit number, so the 32,1 pair is not an option
Re: Z is a two digit positive integer, Z is equal to 7 times the   [#permalink] 24 Feb 2017, 04:47
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