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a, b, c, d, and e are five numbers such that a≤b≤c≤d≤e and e [#permalink]
14 Nov 2012, 17:09

00:00

A

B

C

D

E

Difficulty:

65% (medium)

Question Stats:

26% (02:39) correct
73% (01:56) wrong based on 61 sessions

a, b, c, d, and e are five numbers such that a≤b≤c≤d≤e and e-c=4. A is the average (arithmetic mean) of the five numbers, and M is their median. Is A>M?

(1) e+c=34 (2) c=a+10

So I actually understand the solution provided but it seemed a little un-intuitive, was hoping someone here could discover some sort of new insight about this problem. Basically, the solution suggests plugging but I wonder if there is something nicer...

Re: a, b, c, d, and e are five numbers such that a≤b≤c≤d≤e and e [#permalink]
14 Nov 2012, 22:40

a, b, c, d, and e are five numbers such that a≤b≤c≤d≤e and e-c=4. A is the average (arithmetic mean) of the five numbers, and M is their median. Is A>M?

(1) e+c=34 (2) c=a+10

Answer should be C

Case I e-c = 4 e+c =34 median is 15 = M e= 19, c =15 taking max values for a, b, c, d, e A = 15+15+15+19+19/5 > M Taking min values, example A = (-10)+(-10)+15+15+19/5 < M Case I = not sufficient

Case II

c=a+10 e=c+4 => e=a+14 considering a = -10 c = 0 e = 14

Re: a, b, c, d, and e are five numbers such that a≤b≤c≤d≤e and e [#permalink]
14 Nov 2012, 23:12

anon1 wrote:

a, b, c, d, and e are five numbers such that a≤b≤c≤d≤e and e-c=4. A is the average (arithmetic mean) of the five numbers, and M is their median. Is A>M?

(1) e+c=34 (2) c=a+10

So I actually understand the solution provided but it seemed a little un-intuitive, was hoping someone here could discover some sort of new insight about this problem. Basically, the solution suggests plugging but I wonder if there is something nicer...

Problems with plugging-in are finding right numbers to plug and not knowing where to stop. A more methodogical algebric approach is sure shot way to solve DS. (but sometimes time consuming). Need to find the right balance between two.

Question says: a, b, c, d, and e are five numbers such that a≤b≤c≤d≤e and e-c=4

We cant assume that a,b,c,d and e are integers or positive etc. e could be 23.4 and c could be 19.4 or a, b or c could be anything negative or in decimals. Plugging in right numbers would be very hard and very time consuming. Infact- the solution given above by suryanshg 'assumes' numbers are integers.. and is therefore incorrect. -------------

Lets take a look at the problem. given is e-c =4 and a≤b≤c≤d≤e Clearly c is the median. problem is finding out avergage, A = (sum/5)

statement 1: e+c=34 we can combine this with e-c=4 to find out e=19, and c=15, but nothing else. Not sufficient.

Statement 2: c =a+10 or a = c-10. Now notice, b is a number between a and c and it can be written as c-10<= b <=c similarly d is a number between c and e or c <= d <=c+4

If we add these two: 2c-10 <=b+d <= 2c+4

To find out the average, we need sum. lets just take a look at sum Sum = a+b+c+d+e or Sum = c-10 + b + c + d +c+4 =>Sum= 3c-6 + b +d

using b+d 3c-6 + 2c-10 <= Sum <= 3c-6 +2c+4 5c -16<=Sum <=5c-2

Hence maximum limit of sum is 5c-2, therefore average A (which is Sum/5) is always going to be less than c (the median). This is exactly what we want to know. Sufficient.

Re: a, b, c, d, and e are five numbers such that a≤b≤c≤d≤e and e [#permalink]
28 May 2013, 20:48

anon1 wrote:

a, b, c, d, and e are five numbers such that a≤b≤c≤d≤e and e-c=4. A is the average (arithmetic mean) of the five numbers, and M is their median. Is A>M?

(1) e+c=34 (2) c=a+10

So I actually understand the solution provided but it seemed a little un-intuitive, was hoping someone here could discover some sort of new insight about this problem. Basically, the solution suggests plugging but I wonder if there is something nicer...

Stmt 1 ) e+c = 34 e=c+4 e=c-34 hence solving these two gives us a value of C = 15 and e=19 . if a=15 , b=15 , c=15, d=19 and e=19 , then Mean > Median if a=1 , b=1 , c=15 , d=15 and e=19 , then Mean < Median Not Sufficient.

Stmt 2) c= a+10 .. and given that e-c=4 --> e=c+4 a ≤ b ≤ c ≤ d ≤ c+4 --------------> a ≤ b ≤ a+10 ≤ d ≤ (a+10)+4 -------------> a ≤ b ≤ a+10 ≤ d ≤ a+14

Mean > Median ? i.e (a+b+a+10+d+a+14)/5 > a+10 ? solving the above , we get - IS b+d > 2a+26 ? Lets calculate the maximum value of b+d . max value of b is a+10( since b ≤ a+10) and max d is a+14 ( since d ≤ a+14)----> hence max b+d=2a+24

Hence b+d is always ≤ 2a+24 (cannot be greater than 2a+26) Hence Mean is not greater than Median . Sufficient.

Re: a, b, c, d, and e are five numbers such that a≤b≤c≤d≤e and e [#permalink]
28 May 2013, 23:16

3

This post received KUDOS

Expert's post

anon1 wrote:

a, b, c, d, and e are five numbers such that a≤b≤c≤d≤e and e-c=4. A is the average (arithmetic mean) of the five numbers, and M is their median. Is A>M?

(1) e+c=34 (2) c=a+10

From the given problem, we know that the Median will always be c.

From F.S 1, we know that e+c = 34 and e-c = 4--> e=19, c = 15(Median). Now we will try to maximize the average : That can be done if a=b=c=15 and d=19--> 15,15,15,19,19, The average = 16.6, Thus, A>M.

Again, we can have a scenario where a=b=0 and c=d=15 and e=19. Thus, the average = 9.8 and A<M. Insufficient.

From F.S 2, we know that the series will be : a,b,a+10,d,a+14. Now we will find the maximum value of the average value --> That will be possible if b=c=a+10 and d=e=a+14--> \frac{(a+a+10+a+10+a+14+a+14)}{5} = \frac{(5a+48)}{5} = a+9.6. Now Median = a+10, and irrespective the value of a, A<M. Sufficient.