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Do modifer have verb in it?

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Do modifer have verb in it? [#permalink]  10 Dec 2012, 16:32
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Hi guys i was reviewing my notes of SC.
When i come across an example suddenly was confused with basic concepts.

Got this example from this link

Example:
James created a magnificent design by using latest design tools, a work acknowledged and appreciated by all investors

Splits for this sentence
James created a magnificent design by using latest design tools - main clause
a work acknowledged and appreciated by all investors - modifier

my understanding
here acknowledged and appreciated are VERB-ED modifiers modifying "a work"

If this is case modifiers will not have Verb at all???
Either case please explain with example ..
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Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
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Re: Do modifer have verb in it? [#permalink]  10 Dec 2012, 16:54
Expert's post
shanmugamgsn wrote:
Hi guys i was reviewing my notes of SC.
When i come across an example suddenly was confused with basic concepts.

Got this example from this link

Example:
James created a magnificent design by using latest design tools, a work acknowledged and appreciated by all investors

Splits for this sentence
James created a magnificent design by using latest design tools - main clause
a work acknowledged and appreciated by all investors - modifier

my understanding
here acknowledged and appreciated are VERB-ED modifiers modifying "a work"

If this is case modifiers will not have Verb at all???
Either case please explain with example ..

I'm happy to help.

In your example, the modifier involves participles, which are derived from verbs but are not true verbs themselves. Here's a link about participial phrases:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/participle ... -the-gmat/
A participial phrase is an example of a modifier without a verb.
James Joyce, having finished the Ulysses, spent the last two years of his life on Finnegans Wake.

By contrast, a subordinate clause, for example a relative clause, is a modifier with a verb.
The runner who leads after the second lap often wins the race.
The rebels set fire to the bridge by which the British troops would enter the town.

The word "modifier" is actually a vague loose category. If you analysis goes no further than the word "modifier", this imprecision will lead to one mistake after another. It is much better to know all the specific forms that fall into this category.

Does this make sense?

Mike
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Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

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Re: Do modifer have verb in it? [#permalink]  10 Dec 2012, 20:05
Original sentence"
"James created a magnificent design by using latest design tools, a work acknowledged and appreciated by all investors"

The most basic S+V+O sentence is "James created a design"

I will try to explain the object and their modifiers which elongates the sentence.

a design.
design created by using latest design tools (with modifier clause)
design, work acknowledged and appreciated by all investors (with adjective clause)

The last modifier is grammatically correct.
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Re: Do modifer have verb in it? [#permalink]  11 Dec 2012, 11:26
Expert's post
umeshpatil wrote:
Original sentence"
"James created a magnificent design by using latest design tools, a work acknowledged and appreciated by all investors"

Dear Umeshpatil,
With all due respect, I beg to differ. I agree with much of what you said, but I think the GMAT would not accept this sentence because of the misplaced modifier. The modifying phrase "a work acknowledged and appreciated by all investors" is an appositive phrase that should modify "magnificent design". The problem is: the modifier is not TOUCHING the thing it modifies. I would suggest this re-write:

Using the latest design tools, James created a magnificent design, a work acknowledged and appreciated by all investors.

What do you think?
Mike
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Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Re: Do modifer have verb in it?   [#permalink] 11 Dec 2012, 11:26
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