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Correlative Conjunctions

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20 Aug 2009, 12:16
Hope the following will help all GMAT aspirants. Many of you may already know, however if anyone missed it, here it is.

Here is the definition of "Correlative Conjunctions" (source Wren & Martin).
Conjunctions that are used in pairs (such as neither--nor, Either--Or,Both--and etc.) are called as Correlative Conjunctions or merely Correlatives.

When conjunctions are used as Correlatives,each of the 'correlated words' should be placed 'immediately before' the words to be connected.

Example - Not Only -- But Also (correlatives/correlated conjunctions).
He visited not only Berlin, but also Paris. (Correct)
He not only visited Berlin, but also Paris (Incorrect).
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23 Aug 2009, 01:29
Hi ,

Please let me know which one of the following is a better option

1. I have not only done this but also have done that ....

2. I not only have done this but I have also done that ...
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23 Aug 2009, 01:45
Saaquib wrote:
Hi ,

Please let me know which one of the following is a better option

1. I have not only done this but also have done that ....

2. I not only have done this but I have also done that ...

IMO it should be neither of the two ..I think it shuld be: i not only have done this but also have done that.

Did you take it from a source or you made on your own.
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26 Aug 2009, 10:26
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Saaquib wrote:
Hi ,

Please let me know which one of the following is a better option

1. I have not only done this but also have done that ....

2. I not only have done this but I have also done that ...

The fundamental of Conjunctions are that they connect related pieces, clauses or phrases to form complete meaningful sentences. Look at the parts of the speech that try to convey something. Nouns/pronouns and verbs thus take the top most priority. They are the subject, object and predicate of the sentence. Adjectives/adverbs are merely modifiers/intensifiers and stuff. Their presence enhances but they do not almost always form the subject, object and predicate. Prepositions connect verbs to nouns, other than that, their role is devoid. Finally, we are left with Conjunctions because, Interjections are out-of-syllabus totally!!!!! (kidding -- knowing interjections can be quite helpful with exclamatory sentences).

When one or more subjects or objects or actions done by either of them are being connected, conjunctions come into play.

1. I visited not only Berlin, but also Paris - Correct because we are connecting two nouns ( Berlin, Paris) with the same verb visited.
2. I not only visited Berlin, but also flew over Paris - Correct because we are connecting two different verbs(visited, flew over) done with two nouns(Berlin, Paris) to form a complete meaningful sentence, literally just forming a pair!!!!
3. I not only have done this, but also have done that - Correct because connecting verbs(doing/ have done form) with two things(this and that).
4. I have done not only this, but also that - Correct and you try the explanation yourselves!!!!

So you see, the emphasis is on the placement of the first one of the correlated word-pair.
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Re: Correlative Conjunctions   [#permalink] 26 Aug 2009, 10:26
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