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indentifying participles vs verbs

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indentifying participles vs verbs [#permalink] New post 22 Sep 2012, 07:28
Can some please elaborate how can we know whether the verb from is a participle or a complete verb?

thanks
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Re: indentifying participles vs verbs [#permalink] New post 24 Sep 2012, 19:16
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adineo wrote:
Can some please elaborate how can we know whether the verb from is a participle or a complete verb?

thanks


This can be very tricky, especially since the GMAT loves to use past and present participles as modifiers. I'll explain the 2 participles separately.

Present participle - It's relatively simple to distinguish between the verb form and modifier (or noun) forms on present participles. To be a verb form the participle needs a helping verb (to be). Without the helping verb, the participle is a modifier or noun.
Examples of verb form:
I am driving to school.
I am eating a PBJ sandwich.
Examples of noun/modifier form:
Driving to school is fun. [Noun]
Eating a PBJ sandwich, I made a mess on my shirt. [Modifier]

Past participle - This is a bit more difficult because the participle can be a regular verb, complex tense verb (needs helping verb), passive verb (needs helping verb) or modifier.
Examples of verb forms:
I worked all night long. [regular past tense verb]
I had purchased a car before the dealer dropped the price. [1st verb is complex with had helping verb, 2nd verb is regular past tense]
The unfortunate man was misdiagnosed by the sloppy doctor. [passive voice verb]
Examples of modifier form:
Planned for weeks in advance, the party was an enormous success. [participle starts a modifying phrase]
The rusted car was worthless. [participle modifies the noun]

This is tricky stuff. Spend some time getting comfortable with the different forms and pay attention to when the GMAT uses participles as modifiers. Modifiers are tested as a grammatical and meaning issue on the GMAT, so improving your ability to spot and understand modifiers will improve your score.

KW
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Kyle Widdison | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | Utah


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Re: indentifying participles vs verbs [#permalink] New post 30 Sep 2012, 09:20
KyleWiddison wrote:
I had purchased a car before the dealer dropped the price. [1st verb is complex with had helping verb, 2nd verb is regular past tense]
KW


Hi Kyle, I believe this is not correct. the 2nd verb is a Past Participle and not a regular past tense.
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Re: indentifying participles vs verbs [#permalink] New post 03 Oct 2012, 06:07
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mohish wrote:
KyleWiddison wrote:
I had purchased a car before the dealer dropped the price. [1st verb is complex with had helping verb, 2nd verb is regular past tense]
KW


Hi Kyle, I believe this is not correct. the 2nd verb is a Past Participle and not a regular past tense.


That is precisely why these '-ed' verbs are so tricky. The same word can be either verb or modifier depending on the usage in the sentence. "I dropped the ball." Here 'dropped' is a simple past tense verb. "The dropped ball was heavy." Here 'dropped' is a modifier for ball, not a verb.

I my example above, "the dealer dropped the price" is an independent clause with 'dealer' as the subject, 'dropped' as the simple past tense verb, and 'the price' as the object.

KW
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Re: indentifying participles vs verbs [#permalink] New post 21 Dec 2012, 10:26
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adineo wrote:
Can some please elaborate how can we know whether the verb from is a participle or a complete verb?

thanks


Hi there,
I'm replying prettey late on this. But they say "better late than never". :)
Please read the following article to have some clarity as to how to know if a verb-ed is averb or a modifier:
ed-forms-verbs-or-modifiers-134691.html

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: indentifying participles vs verbs   [#permalink] 21 Dec 2012, 10:26
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