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The school principal

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Re: The school principal [#permalink] New post 20 Dec 2010, 13:06
Expert's post
noboru wrote:
OA is D, and your reasoning is fantastic!

However,

Premise: C>E
Conclusion: No E>No C

is not a flawed pattern.

Could anybody clarify that?
Thanks in advance!



You are right. It is not flawed reasoning.

But this reasoning isn't representative of the actual situation.
If the situation were the following:
Bad teaching causes bad grades.
No bad grades means not bad teaching.

Then the reasoning would be correct.

But here, the argument says "The school principal insisted that bad teaching causes student failures. Then he went on to conclude that no failures means no bad teaching."

'Bad teaching causes student failures' is not a premise. So we do not have to assume it to be true. It is just the principal's perspective. The principal's reasoning is flawed because of multiple reasons.
1 - There could be many other reasons for failures too e.g. students do not work hard.
2 - It is possible that the teaching is still bad but the students are putting in more effort on their own or perhaps taking classes with some prep provider or taking some online classes. There can be ten other reasons why failures disappeared.

In essence, we are saying that the cause-effect relation the principal insists on doesn't necessarily hold. That is why his reasoning is flawed.
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Re: The school principal [#permalink] New post 20 Dec 2010, 13:38
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
noboru wrote:
OA is D, and your reasoning is fantastic!

However,

Premise: C>E
Conclusion: No E>No C

is not a flawed pattern.

Could anybody clarify that?
Thanks in advance!



You are right. It is not flawed reasoning.

But this reasoning isn't representative of the actual situation.
If the situation were the following:
Bad teaching causes bad grades.
No bad grades means not bad teaching.

Then the reasoning would be correct.

But here, the argument says "The school principal insisted that bad teaching causes student failures. Then he went on to conclude that no failures means no bad teaching."

'Bad teaching causes student failures' is not a premise. So we do not have to assume it to be true. It is just the principal's perspective. The principal's reasoning is flawed because of multiple reasons.
1 - There could be many other reasons for failures too e.g. students do not work hard.
2 - It is possible that the teaching is still bad but the students are putting in more effort on their own or perhaps taking classes with some prep provider or taking some online classes. There can be ten other reasons why failures disappeared.

In essence, we are saying that the cause-effect relation the principal insists on doesn't necessarily hold. That is why his reasoning is flawed.


that helped a lot.
thanks!
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Re: The school principal [#permalink] New post 25 Jan 2011, 23:51
We reveal that the construction of the stem is Assumption-Result-Conclusion. The similar pattern we see in ans. choice D.

C also does come close but with one distinction that here the manager does directly interfere in order to cause the result which is not a case in the stem. Thus, it is D.
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Re: The school principal [#permalink] New post 30 Mar 2011, 20:35
The answer is D.
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Re: The school principal [#permalink] New post 16 Jun 2011, 01:37
its a clean D here.
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Re: The school principal [#permalink] New post 18 Jun 2011, 19:33
yea itz D
Re: The school principal   [#permalink] 18 Jun 2011, 19:33
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