Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 18 Sep 2014, 10:17

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

V2#13

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 22 Jul 2009
Posts: 192
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 189 [0], given: 18

GMAT Tests User
V2#13 [#permalink] New post 08 Oct 2009, 13:24
Rene Descartes, a 16th century Frenchman often regarded as one of the founders of modern philosophy, penned one of its most famous slogans: “I think, therefore I am.” This statement was the conclusion to an approach of systematic doubt, the goal of which was to arrive at a new foundation for knowledge. He might have been able to doubt all the evidence of his senses, Descartes reasoned, but he could not doubt the proposition that he himself existed to do the doubting. His statement might almost be rephrased as: “I doubt, therefore I am.” Yet despite the fact that philosophers since the early 19th century have made heavy use of this conclusion, Descartes in his own day was most influential as a scientist, not a philosopher.

Throughout 16th century Europe, for example, Descartes was well known for his work in physics, geometry, and physiology, and modern scholars still consider him one of the precursors of the scientific revolution. His attempts to use algebra to solve problems of space and motion essentially created the field of analytic geometry, upon which modern applied mathematics is still largely based. Descartes discovered the law of refraction, which explains why straight objects appear bent when immersed partly in water, and was one of the first to theorize that the workings of human bodies can be studied in similar fashion to the workings of machines. Even his “Discourse on Method,” which contained the famous philosophical statement, was intended merely as the framework within which a collection of essays on optics, meteorology, and geometry was to be understood.

Which of the following best describes the organization of the passage?

(C) 2008 GMAT Club - v02#13

* The career of a well-known historical figure is traced chronologically
* Two opposing perspectives on a well-known historical figure are presented
* Two fields of study are compared and contrasted
* A common misconception in introduced, then put in wider context
* A common misconception is introduced, then refuted

This question concerns the way the author has organized information in the passage. The first paragraph introduces Descartes as a well-known historical figure and explains that, because of a famous statement, he is most often associated with the field of philosophy. The second paragraph, however, argues that the idea of Descartes as primarily a philosopher is a misconception; details in the paragraph are meant to refute this by arguing for an alternate understanding of his importance.

1. Though certain time periods are mentioned, neither paragraph is primarily concerned with chronology.
2. The two perspectives are not merely presented; the author intends to use the second perspective to argue against the first.
3. The passage is concerned with Descartes in relation to each field of study, not the fields themselves.
4. The second paragraph is meant to argue an opposing perspective, not to give context.
5. A common misconception is introduced using details about its origin, and then is refuted using other details.

The correct answer is E.
_________________

Please kudos if my post helps.

Kaplan Promo CodeKnewton GMAT Discount CodesVeritas Prep GMAT Discount Codes
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 22 Jul 2009
Posts: 192
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 189 [0], given: 18

GMAT Tests User
Re: V2#13 [#permalink] New post 08 Oct 2009, 14:42
This question should be rewritten.

It seems that the author of this question intended the passage to argue that:
1) Descartes is often regarded as one of the founders of modern philosophy
2) The idea of Descartes as primarily a philosopher is a misconception
3) As Descartes was most influential as a scientist
4) But actually there is no misconception, as he was both (I'm not sure about #4, as the answer for q15 is that "Descartes should be considered more a scientist than a philosopher", which contradicts answer E).

My comments:

a) The passage never says nor implies that Descartes is often regarded as primarily a philosopher. That is a mere possible interpretation. So no misconception is ever introduced, and the answer can't be E.

b) lines 6-7: "Descartes in his own day was most influential as a scientist, not a philosopher.". This lacks proper parallelism. It could be either "was most influential as a scientist, not as a philosopher" or "was a scientist, not a philosopher". Each possibility has a different meaning.
_________________

Please kudos if my post helps.

Re: V2#13   [#permalink] 08 Oct 2009, 14:42
Display posts from previous: Sort by

V2#13

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Moderators: Bunuel, WoundedTiger



GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Privacy Policy| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.