Visual recognition involves storing and retrieving memories. : GMAT Reading Comprehension (RC)
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# Visual recognition involves storing and retrieving memories.

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VP
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Visual recognition involves storing and retrieving memories. [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2006, 06:39
Visual recognition involves storing and retrieving memories. Neural activity, triggered by the eye, forms an image in the brainâ€™s memory system that constitutes an internal representation of the viewed object. When an object is encountered again, it is matched with its internal representation and thereby recognized. Controversy surrounds the question of whether recognition is a parallel, one-step process or a serial, step-by-step one. Psychologists of the Gestalt school maintain that objects are recognized as wholes in a parallel procedure: the internal representation is matched with the retinal image in a single operation. Other psychologists have proposed that internal representation features are matched serially with an objectâ€™s features. Although some experiments show that, as an object becomes familiar, its internal representation becomes more holistic and the recognition process correspondingly more parallel, the weight of evidence seems to support the serial hypothesis, at least for objects that are not notably simple and familiar.

1. According to the passage, Gestalt psychologists make which of the following suppositions about visual recognition?
I. A retinal image is in exactly the same forms as its internal representation.
II. An object is recognized as a whole without any need for analysis into component parts.
III. The matching of an object with its internal representation occurs in only one step.
(A) II only
(B) III only
(C) I and III only
(D) II and III only
(E) I, II, and III

2. It terms of its tone and form, the passage can best be characterized as
(A) a biased exposition
(B) a speculative study
(C) a dispassionate presentation
(D) an indignant denial
(E) a dogmatic explanation
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08 Nov 2006, 07:54
1. According to the passage, Gestalt psychologists make which of the following suppositions about visual recognition?
I. A retinal image is in exactly the same forms as its internal representation.
Exactly same not discussed/mentioned in the passage
II. An object is recognized as a whole without any need for analysis into component parts.
I am not sure if highlighted part in blue is correct. So I don't consider this as well.
III. The matching of an object with its internal representation occurs in only one step.
This is clearly stated in the passage and hence B is my answer
(A) II only
(B) III only
(C) I and III only
(D) II and III only
(E) I, II, and III

2. It terms of its tone and form, the passage can best be characterized as
(A) a biased exposition
(B) a speculative study
(C) a dispassionate presentation ( is correct)
(D) an indignant denial
(E) a dogmatic explanation

Please don't forget to post OA
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08 Nov 2006, 17:56
1) E

2) A
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08 Nov 2006, 19:55
1. (D)
2. (B) "speculative"- has not been proven yet.

Good CR AK. Source?
VP
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08 Nov 2006, 21:43
GMATT73 wrote:
1. (D)
2. (B) "speculative"- has not been proven yet.

Good CR AK. Source?

RC 1000
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The path is long, but self-surrender makes it short;
the way is difficult, but perfect trust makes it easy.

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09 Nov 2006, 10:10
ak_idc wrote:
GMATT73 wrote:
1. (D)
2. (B) "speculative"- has not been proven yet.

Good CR AK. Source?

RC 1000

RC 1000? please give us more detail

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time is not on my side

VP
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09 Nov 2006, 20:11
ugo_castelo wrote:
ak_idc wrote:
GMATT73 wrote:
1. (D)
2. (B) "speculative"- has not been proven yet.

Good CR AK. Source?

RC 1000

RC 1000? please give us more detail

OAs are:

1. D
2. C

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The path is long, but self-surrender makes it short;
the way is difficult, but perfect trust makes it easy.

09 Nov 2006, 20:11
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