1) I am confused whether a gerund by itself is Simple or Complex?
Simple Gerund : swimming in the river
Complex Gerund : the swimming of Cindy
Simple or Complex ? : swimming
By itself, a gerund is simple. Gerunds are made complex and more "noun-like" by surrounding words, such as "of" phrases for objects, articles ("a" or "the"), and adjectives.
2) Is a Simple Gerund parallel to a Concrete Noun?
ex1: I love swimming and Cindy. (With respect to this question, I am assuming that "swimming" is a simple gerund)
ex2: I love swimming in the river and Cindy.
Yes, a simple gerund can be parallel to a concrete noun.
My favorite activities are walking, hiking, and pilates.
He is an expert in hang-gliding and archery.
(your examples above are also correct)
Emily Sledge | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | St. Louis
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