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# 1) I am confused whether a gerund by itself is Simple or

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Joined: 30 Mar 2010
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1) I am confused whether a gerund by itself is Simple or [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2010, 11:14
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1) I am confused whether a gerund by itself is Simple or Complex?

Simple Gerund : swimming in the river
Complex Gerund : the swimming of Cindy
Simple or Complex ? : swimming

2) Is a Simple Gerund parallel to a Concrete Noun?

ex1: I love swimming and Cindy. (With respect to this question, I am assuming that "swimming" is a simple gerund)
ex2: I love swimming in the river and Cindy.

Thank You
If you have any questions
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Manhattan GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Aug 2009
Posts: 152
Location: St. Louis, MO
Schools: Cornell (Bach. of Sci.), UCLA Anderson (MBA)
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Re: Simple Gerunds, Complex Gerunds, and Parallelism ? [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2010, 11:26
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izaidi wrote:
1) I am confused whether a gerund by itself is Simple or Complex?

Simple Gerund : swimming in the river
Complex Gerund : the swimming of Cindy
Simple or Complex ? : swimming

By itself, a gerund is simple. Gerunds are made complex and more "noun-like" by surrounding words, such as "of" phrases for objects, articles ("a" or "the"), and adjectives.

izaidi wrote:
2) Is a Simple Gerund parallel to a Concrete Noun?

ex1: I love swimming and Cindy. (With respect to this question, I am assuming that "swimming" is a simple gerund)
ex2: I love swimming in the river and Cindy.

Thank You

Yes, a simple gerund can be parallel to a concrete noun.

Examples:
My favorite activities are walking, hiking, and pilates.
He is an expert in hang-gliding and archery.
(your examples above are also correct)
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Emily Sledge | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | St. Louis

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Re: 1) I am confused whether a gerund by itself is Simple or [#permalink]

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02 Apr 2014, 22:46
A gerund is an ‘ing’ verb that functions as a noun, as in the sentence “I enjoy running.” Gerund phrases, as in the sentence “Running through the park is my favorite activity,” are phrases that function as whole nouns. There are two types of gerund phrases: simple and complex. Simple gerund phrases, like the previously used example “Running through the park is my favorite activity,” use the gerund as a noun, but the gerund phrase can be used as a verb phrase:

As Noun: “Running through the park is my favorite activity

As verb: I am running through the park.

Complex gerund phrases are quite different. They often placxe an article (a or the) or an adjective in front of the gerund, and sometimes, the phrase employs an of-prepositional phrase:

Complex Gerund Phrase: The Running of the Bulls was quite a sight to see.

Notice that the gerund phrase, in this case, cannot be used as a verb phrase (i.e. I cannot say “I am Running of the Bulls). It’s important to distinguish between complex and simple gerund phrases because we cannot make them parallel to each other even if they are both gerunds

Incorrect: I enjoyed sitting in the park and the viewing of the meteor shower.

Correct: I enjoyed siting in the park and viewing the meteor shower.
Re: 1) I am confused whether a gerund by itself is Simple or   [#permalink] 02 Apr 2014, 22:46
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