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CR [#permalink] New post 11 Mar 2005, 14:45
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A
B
C
D
E

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How to attack these kind of problems

11. It is often said that people should be rewarded for doing a given job in proportion to the effort it costs them to do it. However, a little reflection will show that this is, in fact, a very bad idea, since it would mean that those people with the least skill or natural aptitude for a particular task would be the ones given the most incentive to do it.

Which one of the following argumentative strategies is used above?

(A) stating a general principle and then presenting reasons in favor of adopting it
(B) providing evidence that where the principle under discussion has been adopted, the results usually have been undesirable
(C) demonstrating that a consequence that had been assumed to follow from the principle under consideration need not follow from it
(D) attempting to undermine a general principle by arguing that undesirable consequences would follow from it
(E) showing that, in practice, the principle under consideration could not be uniformly applied.
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 [#permalink] New post 11 Mar 2005, 15:21
I would go for E.

because of POE...

although I dont agree with the conclution.
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Re: CR [#permalink] New post 11 Mar 2005, 18:37
harshi wrote:
How to attack these kind of problems

11. It is often said that people should be rewarded for doing a given job in proportion to the effort it costs them to do it. However, a little reflection will show that this is, in fact, a very bad idea, since it would mean that those people with the least skill or natural aptitude for a particular task would be the ones given the most incentive to do it.

Which one of the following argumentative strategies is used above?

(A) stating a general principle and then presenting reasons in favor of adopting it
(B) providing evidence that where the principle under discussion has been adopted, the results usually have been undesirable
(C) demonstrating that a consequence that had been assumed to follow from the principle under consideration need not follow from it
(D) attempting to undermine a general principle by arguing that undesirable consequences would follow from it
(E) showing that, in practice, the principle under consideration could not be uniformly applied.


D.

.....since it would mean that ............
I think it is a counterexample or undesireable consequences.

(E) the author didn't mean the principle couldn't be uniformly applied.
In fact, the principle could be uniformly applied, but undesirable consequences bring about.
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 [#permalink] New post 11 Mar 2005, 20:45
The approach(rather my approach) would be to presume that you are the author of the argument and think about why you would state something provided in the argument

I go with D on this (unless my approach is incorrect ....this should be the correct answer ;-) )
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 [#permalink] New post 12 Mar 2005, 09:28
To attack such questions, try diagramming and see what the premises and conclusion are.

(A) stating a general principle and then presenting reasons in favor of adopting it
- the author is not in favor of adopting the principle

(B) providing evidence that where the principle under discussion has been adopted, the results usually have been undesirable
- No mention that anything has been adopted

(C) demonstrating that a consequence that had been assumed to follow from the principle under consideration need not follow from it
- Out. No demonstration has been done in the passage

(D) attempting to undermine a general principle by arguing that undesirable consequences would follow from it
- This is closest to the strategy used. It says its a bad idea to adopt the practice of rewarding people based on their effort and gives the undesirable consequences following it (rewarding peopel with the least skill/apititude)

(E) showing that, in practice, the principle under consideration could not be uniformly applied.
- No such mention

D it is.
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 [#permalink] New post 14 Mar 2005, 13:51
(E)
What's the OA ps? I'll explain if i am right. :roll:
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Re: CR [#permalink] New post 14 Mar 2005, 16:12
I would go with 'E'. As by mentioning "people with the least skill or natural aptitude for a particular task" the passage indicates that this principle cannot be uniformly applied.


harshi wrote:
How to attack these kind of problems

11. It is often said that people should be rewarded for doing a given job in proportion to the effort it costs them to do it. However, a little reflection will show that this is, in fact, a very bad idea, since it would mean that those people with the least skill or natural aptitude for a particular task would be the ones given the most incentive to do it.

Which one of the following argumentative strategies is used above?

(A) stating a general principle and then presenting reasons in favor of adopting it
(B) providing evidence that where the principle under discussion has been adopted, the results usually have been undesirable
(C) demonstrating that a consequence that had been assumed to follow from the principle under consideration need not follow from it
(D) attempting to undermine a general principle by arguing that undesirable consequences would follow from it
(E) showing that, in practice, the principle under consideration could not be uniformly applied.
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 [#permalink] New post 14 Mar 2005, 17:07
The principle discussed here is that of rewarding people doing a certain job according to the effort put in.

The passage goes on to say why it's a bad idea to implement this principle.

(E) says the principle cannot be uniformly applied. There is no such problem here. It can be uniformly applied. Whether you're smart/talented/diligent or dumb/untalented/lazy, this principle of paying you accordingly still apply to you. This is what uniformity means here.

However, by applying such principlem there could be undesirable effects. Undesirable effects cannot be equated to say that the principel cannot be applied uniformly.

I'll stick with (D)
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 [#permalink] New post 15 Mar 2005, 12:45
OA is D. Most of you got it right. Thanks for the explanation.
  [#permalink] 15 Mar 2005, 12:45
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