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It is often said that people should be rewarded for doing a given job

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It is often said that people should be rewarded for doing a given job  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2019, 21:33
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It is often said that people should be rewarded for doing a given job in proportion to the effort it costs them to do it. However, a little reflection will show that this is, in fact, a very bad idea, since it would mean that those people with the least skill or natural aptitude for a particular task would be the ones given the most incentive to do it.

Which one of the following argumentative strategies is used above?

(A) stating a general principle and then presenting reasons in favor of adopting it

(B) providing evidence that where the principle under discussion has been adopted, the results usually have been undesirable

(C) demonstrating that a consequence that had been assumed to follow from the principle under consideration need not follow from it

(D) attempting to undermine a general principle by arguing that undesirable consequences would follow from it

(E) showing that, in practice, the principle under consideration could not be uniformly applied

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Re: It is often said that people should be rewarded for doing a given job  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2019, 08:04
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SajjadAhmad wrote:
It is often said that people should be rewarded for doing a given job in proportion to the effort it costs them to do it. However, a little reflection will show that this is, in fact, a very bad idea, since it would mean that those people with the least skill or natural aptitude for a particular task would be the ones given the most incentive to do it.

Which one of the following argumentative strategies is used above?

(A) stating a general principle and then presenting reasons in favor of adopting it

(B) providing evidence that where the principle under discussion has been adopted, the results usually have been undesirable

(C) demonstrating that a consequence that had been assumed to follow from the principle under consideration need not follow from it

(D) attempting to undermine a general principle by arguing that undesirable consequences would follow from it

(E) showing that, in practice, the principle under consideration could not be uniformly applied

The passage states that people should be rewarded based on the effort it costs them to do it. This means that people who lack e.g. knowledge to do a certain task and consequently require much effort to accomplish it would be rewarded more than people who have the knowledge to easily accomplish the task.

(A) stating a general principle and then presenting reasons in favor of adopting it Wrong, we do not want to adapt it as mentioned above

(B) providing evidence that where the principle under discussion has been adopted, the results usually have been undesirable Wrong, there is no evidence about this type of reward adoption

(C) demonstrating that a consequence that had been assumed to follow from the principle under consideration need not follow from it Wrong, does not make sense in this case. It would mean that we would expect people to be more rewarded with less knowledge but actually did not happen in the end.

(D) attempting to undermine a general principle by arguing that undesirable consequences would follow from it Correct, consequences (reward people with less knowledge because of higher effort that it costs them) are undesirable, because we do not want to not reward people who have the knowledge and skills to accomplish the task

(E) showing that, in practice, the principle under consideration could not be uniformly applied Wrong, the uniformly application is out of interest
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It is often said that people should be rewarded for doing a given job  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2019, 06:17
Let's break down the argument into premises and conclusion to tackle the argumentative strategy more easily.

1ºPremise: FACT: reward <-->effort (job)
1ºCounterPremise: REFLECTION of the AUTHOR: bad idea --> less skill--->more reward

Ok, so we are given a general opinion of the public and then the author's opinion, whose reflection makes him opiniate differently to the public. Let's analyze each choice


Which one of the following argumentative strategies is used above?

(A) stating a general principle and then presenting reasons in favor of adopting it

There is a counterpremise and this option doesn't reflect that. Incorrect

(B) providing evidence that where the principle under discussion has been adopted, the results usually have been undesirable

they haven't been adopted, as the author is making an hypothesis to state that it would be a bad idea. Incorrect

(C) demonstrating that a consequence that had been assumed to follow from the principle under consideration need not follow from it

demonstrating? he is not providing evidence. Incorrect

(D) attempting to undermine a general principle by arguing that undesirable consequences would follow from it

I like this one. attempting means that he is trying to do so with no evidence. Then he is trying to undermine a principle by saying that undesirable consequences would follow from it. Correct

(E) showing that, in practice, the principle under consideration could not be uniformly applied

In practice? Again the author is making an hypothesis so no practice. Incorrect
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Re: It is often said that people should be rewarded for doing a given job  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2019, 01:04
SajjadAhmad wrote:
It is often said that people should be rewarded for doing a given job in proportion to the effort it costs them to do it. However, a little reflection will show that this is, in fact, a very bad idea, since it would mean that those people with the least skill or natural aptitude for a particular task would be the ones given the most incentive to do it.

Which one of the following argumentative strategies is used above?

(A) stating a general principle and then presenting reasons in favor of adopting it

(B) providing evidence that where the principle under discussion has been adopted, the results usually have been undesirable

(C) demonstrating that a consequence that had been assumed to follow from the principle under consideration need not follow from it

(D) attempting to undermine a general principle by arguing that undesirable consequences would follow from it

(E) showing that, in practice, the principle under consideration could not be uniformly applied




Hi everyone,

The argument talks about a general principle that is believed to be true. Then that principle is attacked since it is likely to lead to unintended consequences.

(A) stating a general principle and then presenting reasons in favor of adopting it

(B) providing evidence that where the principle under discussion has been adopted, the results usually have been undesirable
We are not given an actual situation

(C) demonstrating that a consequence that had been assumed to follow from the principle under consideration need not follow from it
No consequence can be assumed from the premise.

(D) attempting to undermine a general principle by arguing that undesirable consequences would follow from it

(E) showing that, in practice, the principle under consideration could not be uniformly applied
Everything is at a theoretical level and uniformity is not the point
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Re: It is often said that people should be rewarded for doing a  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jan 2020, 06:21
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Re: It is often said that people should be rewarded for doing a   [#permalink] 20 Jan 2020, 06:21

It is often said that people should be rewarded for doing a given job

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