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Past Perfect + Conditional Future usage in SC

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Past Perfect + Conditional Future usage in SC [#permalink] New post 02 May 2013, 04:58
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Hi Friends,

I'm consolidating a few questions on a particular concept (I have already explained this concept in a previous post, but I need a separate post to consolidate all questions related to it) below. I will briefly explain the concept and then present a few questions. The reason I'm doing this is because I found a lot of questions in Official paper test related to this concept.

In case this is post is not in accordance with the forum rules, I request the moderators to kindly let me know.
I hope this will help all fellow GmatClub members.

The concept -

Whenever something is in present tense, we use simple future tense.

Ex - The scientist BELIEVES that the machine WILL BE wonderful (This example is from Manhattan GMAT SC Guide)
Simple Present + Simple Future

If something is said in past, use a conditional tense and not simple future

Ex - The scientist BELIEVED that the machine WOULD BE wonderful.
Simple past + Conditional future

Examples (The questions might not necessarily test tenses, but please have a look at structure to understand this concept better)-

1. In 1860, the Philological Society launched its effort to create a dictionary more comprehensive than the world had ever seen; although the project would take more than 60 years to complete, the Oxford English Dictionary had been born.

A) would take more than 60 years to complete, the Oxford English Dictionary had been
B) took more than 60 years to complete, the Oxford English Dictionary was
C) would take more than 60 years to complete, the Oxford English Dictionary was being
D) would take more than 60 years to complete, the Oxford English Dictionary was
E) took more than 60 years to complete, the Oxford English Dictionary was about to be

2. Machines replacing human labor, there was wide anticipation that the workweek would continue to become shorter.

(A) Machines replacing human labor, there was wide anticipation that
(B) When machines replaced human labor, there was wide anticipation
(C) As machines replaced human labor, it was widely anticipated that
(D) Insofar as machines replaced human labor, it was widely anticipated
(E) Human labor being replaced by machines, there was wide anticipation that

3.Somber in tone and menacing in content, the leader of the terrorists who were holding the hostages sent a message leaving little hope that they would be released by the end of the week.

(A) leader of the terrorists who were holding the hostages sent a message leaving little hope that they would be
(B) leader of the terrorists holding the hostages sent a message that left little hope for their being
(C) leader of the terrorists holding the hostages sent a message leaving little hope of the hostages being
(D) message sent by the leader of the terrorists who were holding the hostages left little hope that the hostages would be
(E) message that was sent by the leader of the terrorists who were holding the hostages left little hope for the hostages to be

Official Answers -
[Reveal] Spoiler:
1. D 2. C 3. D

_________________

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Charu Kapoor

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Consider KUDOS in case I was able to help you.

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Re: Past Perfect + Conditional Future usage in SC [#permalink] New post 02 May 2013, 08:37
I hv doubt on OA; please clarify


1. In 1860, the Philological Society launched its effort to create a dictionary more comprehensive than the world had ever seen; although the project would take more than 60 years to complete, the Oxford English Dictionary had been born.

A) would take more than 60 years to complete, the Oxford English Dictionary had been
B) took more than 60 years to complete, the Oxford English Dictionary was
C) would take more than 60 years to complete, the Oxford English Dictionary was being
D) would take more than 60 years to complete, the Oxford English Dictionary was
E) took more than 60 years to complete, the Oxford English Dictionary was about to be

why B in not OA ,I think B is more correct .
-----------------------------------

2. Machines replacing human labor, there was wide anticipation that the workweek would continue to become shorter.

(A) Machines replacing human labor, there was wide anticipation that
(B) When machines replaced human labor, there was wide anticipation
(C) As machines replaced human labor, it was widely anticipated that
(D) Insofar as machines replaced human labor, it was widely anticipated
(E) Human labor being replaced by machines, there was wide anticipation that

why B is not OA, I m confused b/w B n C

Please let me know the source of this Qs.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Status: Dedicates 2013 to MBA !!
Joined: 06 Jul 2012
Posts: 57
Location: United States (MI)
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, General Management
GPA: 3.8
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 55 [0], given: 14

Re: Past Perfect + Conditional Future usage in SC [#permalink] New post 02 May 2013, 12:11
Hello tgt2012,

For the first one, we already had a discussion here -

in-1860-the-philological-society-launched-its-effort-to-151400.html

----------------------------------------

For the second one, I request you to kindly read the concept

The concept -

Whenever something is in present tense, we use simple future tense.

Ex - The scientist BELIEVES that the machine WILL BE wonderful (This example is from Manhattan GMAT SC Guide)
Simple Present + Simple Future

If something is said in past, use a conditional tense and not simple future

Ex - The scientist BELIEVED that the machine WOULD BE wonderful.
Simple past + Conditional future

Please let me know if this clears your doubt.
_________________

Thanks and Regards,
Charu Kapoor

Never Never Never GIVE UP !!
Consider KUDOS in case I was able to help you.

Re: Past Perfect + Conditional Future usage in SC   [#permalink] 02 May 2013, 12:11
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