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School integration plans that involve busing between

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School integration plans that involve busing between [#permalink] New post 29 Dec 2009, 05:37
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44% (02:08) correct 56% (02:19) wrong based on 50 sessions
618. School integration plans that involve busing between suburban and central-city areas have contributed, according to a recent study, to significant increases in housing integration, which, in turn, reduces any future need for busing.
(A) significant increases in housing integration, which, in turn, reduces
(B) significant integration increases in housing, which, in turn, reduces
(C) increase housing integration significantly, which, in turn, reduces
(D) increase housing integration significantly, in turn reducing
(E) significantly increase housing integration, which, in turn, reduce

I go for C .

Could someone explain each of the answer choices , I suspect why correct answer uses "reduce" over "reduces" whereas "increase in housing integration" as subject for last dependent clause is singualr.
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Re: SC 618 - 700 + (very good one) [#permalink] New post 29 Dec 2009, 10:49
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GMATMadeeasy wrote:
618. School integration plans that involve busing between suburban and central-city areas have contributed, according to a recent study, to significant increases in housing integration, which, in turn, reduces any future need for busing.
(A) significant increases in housing integration, which, in turn, reduces
(B) significant integration increases in housing, which, in turn, reduces
(C) increase housing integration significantly, which, in turn, reduces
(D) increase housing integration significantly, in turn reducing
(E) significantly increase housing integration, which, in turn, reduce

I go for C .

Could someone explain each of the answer choices , I suspect why correct answer uses "reduce" over "reduces" whereas "increase in housing integration" as subject for last dependent clause is singualr.


Choice A looks good

(a) Contributed to "X" where X is noun.

Contribut to "increases" ( increases -> activing as noun. Significant --> Adjective modifying noun "increases)
which correctly modifies "housing integration"

(b) changes the orignal meaning " Contributed to "Significant integration"
also which modifies"housing" instead of "housing integration"


(C) which modfies "housing integration" .. so, "housing integration" should be placed before which.
also
Contributed to "increase housing integration"
contributed to "increase in housing integration" would have been better.
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Re: SC 618 - 700 + (very good one) [#permalink] New post 05 Jan 2010, 08:29
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This is Question number 618 in 1000 SC questions. From the answer sheet I have, the OA is "A" .

E is also correct except that it has verb for plural subject whereas school integration is singular subject here.

First reply to the thread explains very nicely the answer in my opinion.

Could we have a confirmation from offical expert I.e. from someone belonging to Manhattan or Kaplan .
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Re: SC 618 - 700 + (very good one) [#permalink] New post 29 Dec 2009, 13:15
I have no problem with E.

It seems to me parallel.

have contributed to significantly increase housing integration, which, in turn, reduce
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Re: SC 618 - 700 + (very good one) [#permalink] New post 30 Dec 2009, 06:26
School integration plans that involve busing between suburban and central-city areas have contributed, according to a recent study, to significant increases in housing integration, which, in turn, reduces any future need for busing.
(A) significant increases in housing integration, which, in turn, reduces
(B) significant integration increases in housing, which, in turn, reduces
(C) increase housing integration significantly, which, in turn, reduces
(D) increase housing integration significantly, in turn reducing
(E) significantly increase housing integration, which, in turn, reduce

My Ans: E
Explanation: 1)Subject is School integration plans and it is plural. So go with reduce
2) significantly is proper adverb of increase
3) what contributed to ? ..... increase in housing integration


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Re: SC 618 - 700 + (very good one) [#permalink] New post 30 Dec 2009, 06:51
Answer should be E

please post OA?
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Re: SC 618 - 700 + (very good one) [#permalink] New post 30 Dec 2009, 07:23
+1 for E
significantly modify the verb increase, so it should be before the verb.
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Re: SC 618 - 700 + (very good one) [#permalink] New post 30 Dec 2009, 08:10
in E option, I understand housing integration is subject of verb reduce, but verb should be singular. ?

I will go with A.
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Re: SC 618 - 700 + (very good one) [#permalink] New post 30 Dec 2009, 08:14
Only choice A and E come close, I dropped the modifier 'according to a recent study' since it is unnecessary to evaluate the sentence correctly, lets look at A
areas have contributed to significant increases in housing integration,
Sounds good.

E

areas have contributed to significantly increase housing integration,
to significantly increase is awkward.
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Re: SC 618 - 700 + (very good one) [#permalink] New post 03 Jan 2010, 20:39
Wats the OA ? Is it E ..........

but i'm confused why 'reduce' is used - 'house integration' is singular.
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Re: SC 618 - 700 + (very good one) [#permalink] New post 03 Jan 2010, 20:46
smartpradip wrote:
School integration plans that involve busing between suburban and central-city areas have contributed, according to a recent study, to significant increases in housing integration, which, in turn, reduces any future need for busing.
(A) significant increases in housing integration, which, in turn, reduces
(B) significant integration increases in housing, which, in turn, reduces
(C) increase housing integration significantly, which, in turn, reduces
(D) increase housing integration significantly, in turn reducing
(E) significantly increase housing integration, which, in turn, reduce

My Ans: E
Explanation: 1)Subject is School integration plans and it is plural. So go with reduce
2) significantly is proper adverb of increase
3) what contributed to ? ..... increase in housing integration


Thanks
Pradip


Here in E which refers to 'housing integration' not 'plans'.
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Re: SC 618 - 700 + (very good one) [#permalink] New post 04 Jan 2010, 06:02
E doesn't sound right somehow

A for me
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Re: SC 618 - 700 + (very good one) [#permalink] New post 06 Jan 2010, 05:14
But A has split infinitive. it should be to + increase, instead of "to significant increases ".

Please explain????
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Re: SC 618 - 700 + (very good one) [#permalink] New post 06 Jan 2010, 06:48
618. School integration plans that involve busing between suburban and central-city areas have contributed, according to a recent study, to significant increases in housing integration, which, in turn, reduces any future need for busing.
(A) significant increases in housing integration, which, in turn, reduces
(B) significant integration increases in housing, which, in turn, reduces
(C) increase housing integration significantly, which, in turn, reduces
(D) increase housing integration significantly, in turn reducing
(E) significantly increase housing integration, which, in turn, reduce

I go with D.

Option A,B are faulty because increase shud always appear in singular.

the plans have contributed is what is said here so we cant use in turn, reduces, we will have to use the ing form of reduce..
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Re: SC 618 - 700 + (very good one) [#permalink] New post 06 Jan 2010, 07:56
1. "increae" bein a noun, why it can not be pluar as "increaes"

2. "increase housing integration " - > what kind of construction it is : what role "increase " is playing here ? it should be "increased" or "increasing" to sustain the meaning in my opinion.

School integration plans that involve busing between suburban and central-city areas have contributed, (according to a recent study) increase housing integration significantly, in turn reducing any future need for busing.

this is idiomatically also incorrect as it should be Contributed to ..

Interestingly even if I add "to" after contribution, this sentence is incorrect following second point cited above.

We should engage professional advice here now I believe to clear the clouds.
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Re: SC 618 - 700 + (very good one) [#permalink] New post 17 Jan 2010, 15:44
Expert's post
First of all, there's a great deal of information that simply doesn't matter. After weeding that stuff out, we end up with something much more manageable.

School plans have contributed to:

1. "Increase housing integration."
A more concise way would be to simply say "school plans have increased housing integration." The world "contributed" is unnecessary. This eliminates choices C, D, and E. Choice E suffers from the same problem, except that it has the adverb "significantly" in front of "increase."

2. "Significant integration increases."
There can be an increase in integration, but "integration increase" sounds awkward. So, B is out.

3. "Significant increases in housing integration."
This sounds right. Let's check:

"School plans have contributed to significant increases in housing integration."
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Re: SC 618 - 700 + (very good one) [#permalink] New post 27 Jan 2010, 09:30
mirzohidjon wrote:
IMO A
What is OA?


OA is an Official Answer, Mirzo ;)
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Re: SC 618 - 700 + (very good one) [#permalink] New post 27 Jan 2010, 13:46
and what is IMO . :)
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Re: SC 618 - 700 + (very good one) [#permalink] New post 28 Jan 2010, 04:38
GMATMadeeasy wrote:
618. School integration plans that involve busing between suburban and central-city areas have contributed, according to a recent study, to significant increases in housing integration, which, in turn, reduces any future need for busing.
(A) significant increases in housing integration, which, in turn, reduces
(B) significant integration increases in housing, which, in turn, reduces
(C) increase housing integration significantly, which, in turn, reduces
(D) increase housing integration significantly, in turn reducing
(E) significantly increase housing integration, which, in turn, reduce

I go for C .

Could someone explain each of the answer choices , I suspect why correct answer uses "reduce" over "reduces" whereas "increase in housing integration" as subject for last dependent clause is singualr.


Correct answer does not use 'reduce'. It uses 'reduces'. OA is A.
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Re: SC 618 - 700 + (very good one) [#permalink] New post 01 May 2011, 10:33
my take is A.

always look through Oxford Dictionary.
As it says, contribute to requires a noun after it.
Nouns are modified by adjectives, and not adverbs. (as in E)
A is correct since it uses gramatically correct structure and the meaning of the sentence is clear.


contribute/ verb
1 ~ (sth) (to / towards sth) to give sth, especially money or goods, to help sb/sth:
[VN] The writer personally contributed Ј5000 to the earthquake fund. * [V] Would you like to contribute to our collection? * Do you wish to contribute?
2 [V] ~ (to sth) to be one of the causes of sth:
Medical negligence was said to have contributed to her death. * Human error may have been a contributing factor.
3 ~ (sth) to sth to increase, improve or add to sth:
[V] Immigrants have contributed to British culture in many ways. * [VN] This book contributes little to our understanding of the subject.
4 ~ (sth) (to sth) to write things for a newspaper, magazine, or a radio or television programme; to speak during a meeting or conversation, especially to give your opinion:
[VN] She contributed a number of articles to the magazine. * [V] He contributes regularly to the magazine 'New Scientist'. * We hope everyone will contribute to the discussion.
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Re: SC 618 - 700 + (very good one)   [#permalink] 01 May 2011, 10:33
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