Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially

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Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2006, 21:18
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Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, was completed a decade later, during the reign of Titus, who opened the Colosseum with a one-hundred-day cycle of religious pageants, gladiatorial games, and spectacles.

A. which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian,
B. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
C. which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
D. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater and begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian it
E. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, which was begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and

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Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2006, 22:50
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A seems fine as which refers to the Colosseum.

BTW if you never got a chance to see the Colosseum, definitely worth visiting, maybe you guys can take a trip to rome for a vacation after the GMAT
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Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2006, 14:22
another C.
You need the second and to join two independent clauses.
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03 Nov 2006, 14:41
C ..'and' is required to join two independent clauses and 'which' is used correctly
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Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2006, 20:38
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Torn between A & C, still don't understand why 'and' is needed. What are the 2 independent clauses in ths sentence?
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Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2006, 20:47
C for the use of 'began' and the proper use of 'and'
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Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2006, 20:58
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ak_idc wrote:
kripalkavi wrote:
another C.
You need the second and to join two independent clauses.

"and" should come before "was"

totally missed that independent clause thing
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Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2007, 13:10
Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, was completed a decade later, during the reign of Titus, who opened the Colosseum with a one-hundred-day cycle of religious pageants, gladiatorial games, and spectacles.

A. which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian,
B. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
C. which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
D. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater and begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian it
E. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, which was begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
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03 Sep 2007, 14:37
should be C

which is necessary not to refer to construction and the "and" at the end is necessary
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Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2011, 01:38
Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, was completed a decade later, during the reign of Titus, who opened the Colosseum with a one-hundred-day cycle of religious pageants, gladiatorial games, and spectacles.

(A) which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian,
(B) officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
(C) which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
(D) officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater and begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian it
(E) officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, which was begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and

The official answer is given C, but IMO the relative pronoun ‘which’ is modifying the subject of the noun phrase i.e ‘construction’ and in that case it is said that the ‘construction’ was officially known as the ‘Flavian amphitheater’.
Can anyone suggest whether my thinking is correct.
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Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2011, 01:52
C
by looking at the underlined portion we can say it requires "and" to fit with "was completed.."
A and D eliminated.
begun is inappropriate...so B and E eliminated
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Last edited by vinzycoolfire on 18 Jan 2011, 02:07, edited 1 time in total.
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18 Jan 2011, 02:00
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Relative pronouns such as which, that, who etc. should always touch the noun they are modifying. This is called the relative pronoun touch rule.

Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was: in this sentence the pronoun 'which' is modifying The Roman Colosseum. This is correct and should be the intented meaning of the sentence.

Construction of the Roman Colosseum, offi cially known : In this sentence the ...officially known.. phrase modifies the subject of the main clause i.e. Construction of the Roamn Colesseum. This is wrong.
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18 Jan 2011, 02:09
thanks zuberahmed for the explanation, but can u explain where relative pronouns are necessary and where they are not??
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18 Jan 2011, 02:43
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Relative pronouns are used for modifying a Noun only. Never use a relative pronoun to modify a verb. Examples of relative pronous :

Which
That
Who
When
Whom

Always remember the touch rule for relative pronouns. i.e. the Reltive pronoun should touch the noun its modifying.

Note:
1. Comma + 'which' : should be used when the modifying information that is non essential.
eg. The red car, which i drove when i was in college.

i drove when i was in college : non essential information.
The red : essential information.

2. 'That' : should be used when the information is essential. ( please never use comma with 'That' ).

e.g The car that i painted red.

i painted red : essential information.
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Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2011, 03:07
Thanks lot for the clarification.

Can you look into the below example and let me know what is your take on this-

Astrologers saw the comet as a portent of the DESTRUCTION OF JERUSALEM, which happened as expected.

Notice that ‘which’ is taking the place of the phrase ‘DESTRUCTION OF JERUSALEM’ that is used as as OBJECT of the preceding main clause. Notice that ‘which’ takes the place of the phrase ‘destruction of Jerusalem’, not ‘Jerusalem’ that is used as the object of the prepositional phrase ‘destruction of Jerusalem’ which is used as the complement of the noun ‘portent’.

(I got this note from one of the GMATCLUB forum discussion)
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Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2011, 03:57
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Astrologers saw the comet as a portent of the DESTRUCTION OF JERUSALEM, which happened as expected.

This is not an acceptable version. Since the Relative pro noun can’t logically refer to Jerusalem, we are left in the lurch. It can mean anything from comet to portent to destruction. The right version could be

“Astrologers saw the comet as a portent pf Jerusalem’s destruction, which happened as expected.”

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18 Jan 2011, 05:44
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daagh wrote:
Astrologers saw the comet as a portent of the DESTRUCTION OF JERUSALEM, which happened as expected.

This is not an acceptable version. Since the Relative pro noun can’t logically refer to Jerusalem, we are left in the lurch. It can mean anything from comet to portent to destruction. The right version could be

“Astrologers saw the comet as a portent Jerusalem’s destruction, which happened as expected.”

So this means that a relative pronoun will always modify the noun that placed next to it and this rule is applicable always (even in the case of a noun phrase. for example - I repaired the handle of the door, which I broke yesterday. or this is also an unacceptable sentence, it should be - I repaired the door's handle, which I broke yesterday.)
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19 Jan 2011, 00:05
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Astrologers saw the comet as a portent of the DESTRUCTION OF JERUSALEM, which happened as expected

OF JERUSALEM : A perpositional modifier. These types of modifiers are essential modifiers.

which happened as expected : A relative clause starting with 'which'. A non essential modifiers.

If you look at the sentence both the modifiers are modifying DESTRUCTION. But the essential modifiers is placed close to the Noun and the non essential modifier follows it.
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Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially [#permalink]

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31 May 2011, 06:52
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Ans. C
the subject of the sentence is CONSTRUCTION used two verbs (begun and completed) these verbs should be connected together by conjunction and. Both verbs should be in simple past tense.
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Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially [#permalink]

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31 May 2011, 07:11
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Baten80 wrote:
Ans. C
the subject of the sentence is CONSTRUCTION used two verbs (begun and completed) these verbs should be connected together by conjunction and. Both verbs should be in simple past tense.

Absolutely!!!

Two independent clause must be connected with a conjunction. Two verbs must be conjoined by the conjunction.

Ans: "C"
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Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially   [#permalink] 31 May 2011, 07:11

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