vix wrote:

If x^2 = y + 5, y= z- 2 and z=2x, is x^3 + y^2 + z divisible by 7?

(1) x>0

(2) y=4

Please explain me how the equation got reduced to x^2 - 2*x - 3 = 0. Hence the question.

Please gimme the link, I could not find it. From 2, y=4, so I got z=6 and x = +-3, so if x>0 from 1, I had C.

We have system of equations with three distinct equations and three unknowns, so we can solve it. As \(x\) is squared we'll get two values for it and also two values for \(y\) and \(z\): two triplets. Hence we'll get two values for \(x^3 + y^2 + z\), one divisible by 7 and another not divisible by 7. Each statement is giving us the info to decide which triplet is right, thus both statement are sufficient on its own.

Given:

\(x^2 = y + 5\)

\(y = z - 2\) --> \(y=2x-2\).

\(z = 2x\)

\(x^2 =2x-2+ 5\) --> \(x^2-2x-3=0\) --> \(x=3\) or \(x=-1\)

\(x=3\), \(y=4\), \(z=6\) - first triplet --> \(x^3 + y^2 + z=27+16+6=49\), divisible by 7;

\(x=-1\), \(y=-4\), \(z=-2\) - second triplet --> \(x^3 + y^2 + z=-1+16-2=13\), not divisible by 7.

(1) \(x \gt 0\) --> we deal with first triplet. \(x^3 + y^2 + z=27+16+6=49\), divisible by 7. sufficient.

(2) \(y = 4\) --> --> we deal with first triplet. \(x^3 + y^2 + z=27+16+6=49\), divisible by 7. sufficient.

Answer: D.

Hope it helps.

_________________

New to the Math Forum?

Please read this: All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:

GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:

PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.

What are GMAT Club Tests?

Extra-hard Quant Tests with Brilliant Analytics