Shostakovich’s Fourth Symphony had not hardly entered rehearsals wh : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Shostakovich’s Fourth Symphony had not hardly entered rehearsals wh

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28 Jan 2010, 23:36
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43% (01:51) correct 57% (00:57) wrong based on 436 sessions

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Shostakovich’s Fourth Symphony had not hardly entered rehearsals when the political climate turned against the composer and made him having the piece performed impossible.

A. had not hardly entered rehearsals when the political climate turned against the composer and made him having
B. had not hardly entered rehearsals when the political climate turned against the composer and made his having
C. had hardly entered rehearsals when the political climate turned against the composer and made his having
D. had hardly entered rehearsals when the political climate turned against the composer and made him having
E. had hardly entered rehearsals when the political climate turned against the composer and made himself having

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Last edited by carcass on 29 Jun 2016, 10:56, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the title
If you have any questions
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29 Jan 2010, 01:05
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Hey You Guys,

This is an interesting question, so I thought I'd weigh in. The correct answer is actually C, not D. This is a parallelism issue, which we can recognize by finding the word "and". Whenever you see conjunctions like "and" or "or", ask yourself what elements need to be parallel. In this case, we can use the second element more effectively.

The word "made" comes after the "and", this means that we must be paralleling verbs. The other verb is "turned". We cannot change the subject of both of these verbs: "the political climate". So did the political climate make "him..." or "his..."? It wouldn't make any sense for the political climate to make him do something. That would imply that Shostakovich had to DO something. But what the climate did was make the performance of his symphony impossible. This can be reworded as "made his having the piece performed impossible".

This is an example of a verb phrase acting as a noun, like "Having good friends is a great thing". In this case, the action of "having good friends" is serving as a noun in the sentence. Likewise "having the piece performed" is a noun, the object of the verb "make" (which you can even think of as "make impossible" to simplify things in your head). Just to round this out, "his" is a possessive pronoun modifying the action "having the piece performed". "Him" is an object pronoun, and illogical here.

Hope that helps. Great question!

Tommy Wallach
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28 Jan 2010, 23:44

A & B rejected as both have .....not hardly..
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29 Jan 2010, 07:25
TommyWallach wrote:
Hey You Guys,

This is an interesting question, so I thought I'd weigh in. The correct answer is actually C, not D. This is a parallelism issue, which we can recognize by finding the word "and". Whenever you see conjunctions like "and" or "or", ask yourself what elements need to be parallel. In this case, we can use the second element more effectively.

The word "made" comes after the "and", this means that we must be paralleling verbs. The other verb is "turned". We cannot change the subject of both of these verbs: "the political climate". So did the political climate make "him..." or "his..."? It wouldn't make any sense for the political climate to make him do something. That would imply that Shostakovich had to DO something. But what the climate did was make the performance of his symphony impossible. This can be reworded as "made his having the piece performed impossible".

This is an example of a verb phrase acting as a noun, like "Having good friends is a great thing". In this case, the action of "having good friends" is serving as a noun in the sentence. Likewise "having the piece performed" is a noun, the object of the verb "make" (which you can even think of as "make impossible" to simplify things in your head). Just to round this out, "his" is a possessive pronoun modifying the action "having the piece performed". "Him" is an object pronoun, and illogical here.

Hope that helps. Great question!

Tommy Wallach
ManhattanGMAT

I picked D, but i thought it is C after your explanation. +1 kudo
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29 Jan 2010, 12:39
Tommy --- a million thanks to you.
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29 Jan 2010, 13:31
TommyWallach - you are the man! do you offer verbal classes ?????? pls tell me you don't have a minimum score for you to consider me for your classes.
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29 Jan 2010, 16:20
C, should be "his having"

It just sounds "cleaner" to my ear because I used to get this wrong in English class all the time (10 years ago...) so this lesson stuck to me.

I received this email today (from a vendor to my supervisor):
"I’m not sure why someone can’t simply read my previous email to the questions below but perhaps me copying and pasting the answers into this email will help."

The "me" should be "my" and it'll read much better. Thanks for the explanation too Tommy.
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07 Apr 2011, 14:36
+1 C

"his having..." is more logical.
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07 Apr 2011, 14:41
Yeah it's between C and D at first look, and after reading the explanation it seems C... but need to practice more of such questions!!
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10 Apr 2011, 21:51
both A and B are rejected for using two negatives - 'hardly' and 'not' distorting the meaning of the sentence.
E is clearly not making sense- made himself the piece peroformed impossible is incorrect usage
Amongst D and C the only difference is use of him or his. Since having the performance is something that the composer wanted- it is his ' xxxxxx' for example - 'my having to perfect every exam is an obsession i cant get over!'
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15 Apr 2011, 23:03
Nice explanation, I chosen D but after your explanation, i can what mistake i did. +1 Kudos
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16 Apr 2011, 03:44
C it is.. great explanation...by the instructor....
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07 Sep 2011, 09:19

Strike one: 'made him having [the piece performed]' makes no sense. it should be 'made his having [the piece performed]'
--> eliminate A, D and E

Strike two: should be 'had hardly entered rehearsals' and not 'had not hardly entered rehearsals' --> eliminate B

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10 Sep 2011, 09:49
TommyWallach wrote:
Hey You Guys,

This is an interesting question, so I thought I'd weigh in. The correct answer is actually C, not D. This is a parallelism issue, which we can recognize by finding the word "and". Whenever you see conjunctions like "and" or "or", ask yourself what elements need to be parallel. In this case, we can use the second element more effectively.

The word "made" comes after the "and", this means that we must be paralleling verbs. The other verb is "turned". We cannot change the subject of both of these verbs: "the political climate". So did the political climate make "him..." or "his..."? It wouldn't make any sense for the political climate to make him do something. That would imply that Shostakovich had to DO something. But what the climate did was make the performance of his symphony impossible. This can be reworded as "made his having the piece performed impossible".

This is an example of a verb phrase acting as a noun, like "Having good friends is a great thing". In this case, the action of "having good friends" is serving as a noun in the sentence. Likewise "having the piece performed" is a noun, the object of the verb "make" (which you can even think of as "make impossible" to simplify things in your head). Just to round this out, "his" is a possessive pronoun modifying the action "having the piece performed". "Him" is an object pronoun, and illogical here.

Hope that helps. Great question!

Tommy Wallach
ManhattanGMAT

Great post. Thanks for the explanation.
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11 Sep 2011, 08:23
At first glance I would have chosen D, so thank you TommyWallach for the great explanation of why C was the correct answer.
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12 Sep 2011, 21:34
I picked D as well but now I understand why C is correct.
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24 Sep 2011, 09:22
TommyWallach wrote:
Hey You Guys,

This is an interesting question, so I thought I'd weigh in. The correct answer is actually C, not D. This is a parallelism issue, which we can recognize by finding the word "and". Whenever you see conjunctions like "and" or "or", ask yourself what elements need to be parallel. In this case, we can use the second element more effectively.

The word "made" comes after the "and", this means that we must be paralleling verbs. The other verb is "turned". We cannot change the subject of both of these verbs: "the political climate". So did the political climate make "him..." or "his..."? It wouldn't make any sense for the political climate to make him do something. That would imply that Shostakovich had to DO something. But what the climate did was make the performance of his symphony impossible. This can be reworded as "made his having the piece performed impossible".

This is an example of a verb phrase acting as a noun, like "Having good friends is a great thing". In this case, the action of "having good friends" is serving as a noun in the sentence. Likewise "having the piece performed" is a noun, the object of the verb "make" (which you can even think of as "make impossible" to simplify things in your head). Just to round this out, "his" is a possessive pronoun modifying the action "having the piece performed". "Him" is an object pronoun, and illogical here.

Hope that helps. Great question!

Tommy Wallach
ManhattanGMAT

wonderful explanation. thnx!
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25 Sep 2011, 23:21
Good question and great explanation.
I got trapped in D.
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12 Oct 2011, 20:07
great question and even great explanation by Tommy. If these question would appear in GMAT then which level question would that be? just curious.............
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13 Oct 2011, 04:51
I went with D but after that explanation... I cant argue.
Re: Shostakovich’s Fourth Symphony had not hardly entered rehearsals wh   [#permalink] 13 Oct 2011, 04:51

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