Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests

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Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2008, 12:07
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OG16 SC130

Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolving as a kind of snorkel.
A. that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolving
B. that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
C. suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolved
D. to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved
E. to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Nevernevergiveup on 27 Oct 2016, 04:11, edited 6 times in total.
corrected the question
If you have any questions
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2008, 19:00
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x97agarwal wrote:
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.
A. that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved
B. that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
C. suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
D. to suggest that the elephant has descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved
E. to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

Why is " elephant is descended" grammatically correct.

evidence should be followed by that here since whatever clause is succeding this gives explanation about what evidence consists of.

hence C,D,E incorrectly point to embryologists instead of evidence.

eliminate C D E
now b/w among A and B ,its trunk evolving is incorrect ,it evolved is correct usage.evolved just once and thts not a continuos process.

Lets see this :
Why is " elephant is descended" grammatically correct.

this is correct always .

usage of suggest

–verb (used with object)
1. to mention or introduce (an idea, proposition, plan, etc.) for consideration or possible action: The architect suggested that the building be restored.
2. to propose (a person or thing) as suitable or possible for some purpose: We suggested him for president.
3. (of things) to prompt the consideration, making, doing, etc., of: The glove suggests that she was at the scene of the crime.
4. to bring before a person's mind indirectly or without plain expression: I didn't tell him to leave, I only suggested it.
5. to call (something) up in the mind through association or natural connection of ideas: The music suggests a still night.

Other examples :
Jerry suggested that tom is back

jerry suggested that the movie is over

I hope i cleared the doubt to some extent.
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2008, 19:35
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x97agarwal wrote:
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.
A. that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved
B. that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
C. suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
D. to suggest that the elephant has descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved
E. to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

Why is " elephant is descended" grammatically correct.

Ans -E
In A/B/C/D its is referencing to animal. in E its is correctly referencing to elephent
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink]

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11 Aug 2008, 04:05
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Even I picked E nice point mentioned by humtum0
E is also parallel
Wht is the OA
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2008, 17:27
The OA is E
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2011, 23:06
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x97agarwal wrote:
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.
A. that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved
B. that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
C. suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
D. to suggest that the elephant has descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved
E. to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

Why is " elephant is descended" grammatically correct.

It is correct because it is equivalent to "is a descendant of"
If you use active form "has/had descended" the phrase no longer has the meaning of "being a descendant". Instead, it will mean "has moved downward". HTH
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2012, 18:15
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The answer choice I picked was E:

A. "That suggests that" is very wordy. Also, parallelism is broken here because "that the elephant..." is not parallel to "its trunk..."

B. The modifier "its trunk originally evolving" seems to be modifying the aquatic animal and not the elephant.

C. The use of the past perfect tense is incorrect. Today, the elephant is still a descendant of these aquatic animals, so past perfect tense doesn't make sense.

D. The use of the past perfect tense is incorrect. Also, parallelism is broken because the first clause "that the elephant..." is not parallel to "its trunk originally..."

E. This answer choice presents the clauses after "to suggest" in parallel and uses the correct verb tense "is descended."
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2012, 02:45
parallelism is broken in A.

evidence suggests both

that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal
and
that its trunk originally evolved
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink]

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19 Mar 2012, 10:30
x97agarwal wrote:
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.
A. that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved
B. that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
C. suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
D. to suggest that the elephant has descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved
E. to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

Why is " elephant is descended" grammatically correct.

please someone explain why it's correct to say as highlighted? I.e. they found evidence (to do what?) to suggest... is it right logic?
thanx
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink]

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19 Mar 2012, 10:51
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I think someone has correctly pointed out that
: has/had descended would mean "coming down" as in the sentence "the Gods have descended from heaven "
which means that they have come down from heaven .
: Is descended would mean that they are the descendants of some species.
I think this will help ....
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink]

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19 Mar 2012, 11:01
i also have the same doubt as runner 2 has,

We use that after evidence right ?
why is to suggest correct here , moreover to suggest ,sounds like they already knew the theory and then they found the evidence to buttress that theory,
but the real meaning is that they found the evidence which concluded the theory.

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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2012, 04:01
Am conflicted between D and E.
Will run with E
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2013, 23:23
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I would like to know : - please correct me if Im wrong

Tree was planted by Ram and that provided mangoes in the month of May .
Clause 1: Tree was planted by Ram
Subject : Tree
verb : Was planted

Clause 1: that provided mangoes in the month of May
Subject : That (pronoun)
verb : provided

here clause 1 and 2 are BOTH independent clause , then should it not be

Tree was planted by Ram , and that provided mangoes in the month of May .
<independent clause > , and < independent clause> ?

on similar lines

the correct form

Australian embryologists have found evidence to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

This has <Australian embryologists ( =subject) have found ( = verb) > and <that = subject , evovled = verb >

should it not have comma before and ???
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2013, 06:52
humtum0 wrote:
x97agarwal wrote:
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.
A. that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved
B. that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
C. suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
D. to suggest that the elephant has descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved
E. to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

Why is " elephant is descended" grammatically correct.

Ans -E
In A/B/C/D its is referencing to animal. in E its is correctly referencing to elephent

I differ slightly.

IMO E
B and C has its reference issue
But A and D has parallelism and punctuation (not major issue though) issues.
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2013, 07:13
eski wrote:
I would like to know : - please correct me if Im wrong

Tree was planted by Ram and that provided mangoes in the month of May .
Clause 1: Tree was planted by Ram
Subject : Tree
verb : Was planted

Clause 1: that provided mangoes in the month of May
Subject : That (pronoun)
verb : provided

here clause 1 and 2 are BOTH independent clause , then should it not be

Tree was planted by Ram , and that provided mangoes in the month of May .
<independent clause > , and < independent clause> ?

on similar lines

the correct form

Australian embryologists have found evidence to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

This has <Australian embryologists ( =subject) have found ( = verb) > and <that = subject , evovled = verb >

should it not have comma before and ???

The clause beginning with "that" in your example and the main question in discussion, are not I/C. Think of it by removing the first I/C, and consider only the second clause with relative pronoun "that" does it make sense? What is "that" referring to? It is thus a D/C

And as norm, I/C can be followed by D/C there need not be ,

Hope this helps
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2013, 12:05
||-ism is the main issue here as it looks like...
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2013, 08:37
yep

in e : parallel marker:and
to suggest that ---
that its
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2013, 10:11
CR Bible on the day before your exams ??? you deserve a dozen kudos for this....lol...BTW what was ur gmat score?
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2013, 10:24
Yeah! dumb decision, It exhausted me couldn't even comprehend a RC. Score: 620 q48 v28
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2013, 11:56
usually 76 raw scores pulls of a better scaled score, did u leave any questions in the end?
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests   [#permalink] 06 Aug 2013, 11:56

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