Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

It appears that you are browsing the GMAT Club forum unregistered!

Signing up is free, quick, and confidential.
Join other 350,000 members and get the full benefits of GMAT Club

Registration gives you:

Tests

Take 11 tests and quizzes from GMAT Club and leading GMAT prep companies such as Manhattan GMAT,
Knewton, and others. All are free for GMAT Club members.

Applicant Stats

View detailed applicant stats such as GPA, GMAT score, work experience, location, application
status, and more

Books/Downloads

Download thousands of study notes,
question collections, GMAT Club’s
Grammar and Math books.
All are free!

Thank you for using the timer!
We noticed you are actually not timing your practice. Click the START button first next time you use the timer.
There are many benefits to timing your practice, including:

Each week we'll be posting several questions from The Official Guide For GMAT® Quantitative Review, 2ND Edition and then after couple of days we'll provide Official Answer (OA) to them along with a slution.

We'll be glad if you participate in development of this project: 1. Please provide your solutions to the questions; 2. Please vote for the best solutions by pressing Kudos button; 3. Please vote for the questions themselves by pressing Kudos button; 4. Please share your views on difficulty level of the questions, so that we have most precise evaluation.

Re: If x is a positive integer, is x^1/2 an integer [#permalink]
13 Jan 2014, 00:52

1

This post received KUDOS

Expert's post

3

This post was BOOKMARKED

SOLUTION:

If x is a positive integer, is \(\sqrt{x}\) an integer?

As given that \(x\) is a positive integer then \(\sqrt{x}\) is either an integer itself or an irrational number.

(1) \(\sqrt{4x}\) is an integer --> \(2\sqrt{x}=integer\) --> \(2\sqrt{x}\) to be an integer \(\sqrt{x}\) must be an integer or integer/2, but as \(x\) is an integer, then \(\sqrt{x}\) can not be integer/2, hence \(\sqrt{x}\) is an integer. Sufficient.

(2)\(\sqrt{3x}\) is not an integer --> if \(x=9\), condition \(\sqrt{3x}=\sqrt{27}\) is not an integer satisfied and \(\sqrt{x}=3\) IS an integer, BUT if \(x=2\), condition \(\sqrt{3x}=\sqrt{6}\) is not an integer satisfied and \(\sqrt{x}=\sqrt{2}\) IS NOT an integer. Two different answers. Not sufficient.

If x is a positive integer, is \(\sqrt{x}\) an integer?

(1) \(\sqrt{4x}\) is an integer. (2) \(\sqrt{3x}\) is not an integer.

Statement 1) root(4x) is an integer. root(4x) = either +2root(x) or -2root(x) . As in either case, the result is an integer, then root(x) has to be an integer as (+2 or -2) is integer. Hence Sufficient. Statement 2) root(3x) is an integer. root(3) is not an integer. There can be following two cases: 1) root(x) is an integer => root(3) * root(x) is not an integer as root(3) is not an integer. 2) root(x) is not an integer => root(3) * root(x) can never be an integer except in once case where x= 3. Either case it is not sufficient.

Re: If x is a positive integer, is x^1/2 an integer [#permalink]
17 Jan 2014, 02:49

Expert's post

SOLUTION:

If x is a positive integer, is \(\sqrt{x}\) an integer?

As given that \(x\) is a positive integer then \(\sqrt{x}\) is either an integer itself or an irrational number.

(1) \(\sqrt{4x}\) is an integer --> \(2\sqrt{x}=integer\) --> \(2\sqrt{x}\) to be an integer \(\sqrt{x}\) must be an integer or integer/2, but as \(x\) is an integer, then \(\sqrt{x}\) can not be integer/2, hence \(\sqrt{x}\) is an integer. Sufficient.

(2)\(\sqrt{3x}\) is not an integer --> if \(x=9\), condition \(\sqrt{3x}=\sqrt{27}\) is not an integer satisfied and \(\sqrt{x}=3\) IS an integer, BUT if \(x=2\), condition \(\sqrt{3x}=\sqrt{6}\) is not an integer satisfied and \(\sqrt{x}=\sqrt{2}\) IS NOT an integer. Two different answers. Not sufficient.

If x is a positive integer, is x^1/2 an integer [#permalink]
18 Jan 2014, 03:22

If x is a positive integer, is \(\sqrt{x}\) an integer?

(1)\(\sqrt{4x}\) is an integer. (2)\(\sqrt{3x}\) is not an integer.

Statement 1

\(\sqrt{4x} = k\), \(k\) is an integer Or,\(\sqrt{x}= k/2\)

If \(k/2\) is not an integer, then \((k/2)^2\) or \(k^2/4\) is also not an integer and this implies that x is not an integer as \(x = k^2/4\). But, it is given that \(x\) is an integer.

Therefore, \(k^2/4\) is an integer => \(k/2\) is an integer =>\(\sqrt{x}\) is an integer...........Sufficient....(B)(C)(E)

Statement 2

\(\sqrt{3x}=k\), \(k\) is not an integer Or, \(\sqrt{x} = k/\sqrt{3}\)

Thus, \(\sqrt{x}\) = integer, when \(k\) is a multiple of \(\sqrt{3}\) and \(\sqrt{x}\) is not an integer when \(k\) is not a multiple of \(\sqrt{3}\)

As the value of \(\sqrt{x}\) can not be uniquely determined, statement (2) is not sufficient.................(D)

Answer: (A)

Last edited by arunspanda on 31 Jul 2014, 15:18, edited 1 time in total.

Type of Visa: You will be applying for a Non-Immigrant F-1 (Student) US Visa. Applying for a Visa: Create an account on: https://cgifederal.secure.force.com/?language=Englishcountry=India Complete...