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# Mr. and Mrs. Wiley have a child every J years. Their oldest

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Manager
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Mr. and Mrs. Wiley have a child every J years. Their oldest [#permalink]  19 Feb 2007, 11:40
Mr. and Mrs. Wiley have a child every J years. Their oldest child is now T years old. If they have a child 2 years from now, how many children will they have in total?

1) (T+2)/J + 1
2) JT + 1
3) J/T + 1/T
4) TJ-1
5) (J+T)/J

My answer is (T+2J) /J OA is 1.
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Re: No. of children. [#permalink]  19 Feb 2007, 14:04
jainvineet wrote:
Mr. and Mrs. Wiley have a child every J years. Their oldest child is now T years old. If they have a child 2 years from now, how many children will they have in total?

1) (T+2)/J + 1
2) JT + 1
3) J/T + 1/T
4) TJ-1
5) (J+T)/J

My answer is (T+2J) /J OA is 1.

Try with numbers:

They have a child every 3 years (J=3)

child 1 is 1 year old
ch 2 4y
ch 3 7y
ch 4 10y (oldest)

T=10
They have 4 children now

(10+2)/3 =(T+2)/J

After 2 years they will have (T+2)/J +1
Manager
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Re: No. of children. [#permalink]  19 Feb 2007, 17:56
jvujuc wrote:
jainvineet wrote:
Mr. and Mrs. Wiley have a child every J years. Their oldest child is now T years old. If they have a child 2 years from now, how many children will they have in total?

1) (T+2)/J + 1
2) JT + 1
3) J/T + 1/T
4) TJ-1
5) (J+T)/J

My answer is (T+2J) /J OA is 1.

Try with numbers:

They have a child every 3 years (J=3)

child 1 is 1 year old
ch 2 4y
ch 3 7y
ch 4 10y (oldest)

T=10
They have 4 children now

(10+2)/3 =(T+2)/J

After 2 years they will have (T+2)/J +1

Please show me without number substituion.

Ok finally I am able to understand this question.

Age of the oldest kid at the time of birth of latest sibling is (x-1)J where x is the total number of kids.

T+2 = (x-1)J

Hence A. Not so QED.
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Re: No. of children. [#permalink]  02 Nov 2011, 10:08
Sorry for pumping this old one up but I seem to never get it working when J =5 and T =20.

If they have a child every 5 years and their oldest is 20 years then this means that they have
1 child at year 0
2 children at year 5
3 children at year 10
4 children at year 15
5 children at year 20
They have 5 total children right now. After two years, they should have a total of 6.

If I plug in numbers, none of the choices fit.

The answer provided is (A) but if I plug in T + 2 /J + 1 I end up having a non integer.

20 + 2 /5 +1 = 4.5

Any help?
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
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Posts: 5433
Location: Pune, India
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Re: No. of children. [#permalink]  03 Nov 2011, 02:15
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
Sorry for pumping this old one up but I seem to never get it working when J =5 and T =20.

If they have a child every 5 years and their oldest is 20 years then this means that they have
1 child at year 0
2 children at year 5
3 children at year 10
4 children at year 15
5 children at year 20
They have 5 total children right now. After two years, they should have a total of 6.

If I plug in numbers, none of the choices fit.

The answer provided is (A) but if I plug in T + 2 /J + 1 I end up having a non integer.

20 + 2 /5 +1 = 4.5

Any help?

The numbers you chose are incorrect. If J = 5, T cannot be 20 because they are going to have another child in 2 yrs. Hence T can be 23 or 28 etc but not 20.
If T = 23 and J = 5,

T + 2 /J + 1 = (23 + 2)/5 + 1 = 6 which is correct

Think of it this way:

After 2 yrs, there will be another child. If they have a child every J years, it means (J - 2) yrs have passed since they had their last child.
Let's say T = (J-2) + nJ
n is the number of periods of J years that have passed since T was born. In each one of these periods, one child must have been born.

Re-arranging, n = (T+2)/J - 1
so total number of children the couple will have after 2 yrs is n+2 (+2 to account for T and for the child that will be born 2 yrs from now)

Total number of children = (T+2)/J - 1 + 2 = (T+2)/J + 1
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Manager
Joined: 08 Jun 2011
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Kudos [?]: 18 [0], given: 65

Re: No. of children. [#permalink]  03 Nov 2011, 03:01
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
Sorry for pumping this old one up but I seem to never get it working when J =5 and T =20.

If they have a child every 5 years and their oldest is 20 years then this means that they have
1 child at year 0
2 children at year 5
3 children at year 10
4 children at year 15
5 children at year 20
They have 5 total children right now. After two years, they should have a total of 6.

If I plug in numbers, none of the choices fit.

The answer provided is (A) but if I plug in T + 2 /J + 1 I end up having a non integer.

20 + 2 /5 +1 = 4.5

Any help?

The numbers you chose are incorrect. If J = 5, T cannot be 20 because they are going to have another child in 2 yrs. Hence T can be 23 or 28 etc but not 20.
If T = 23 and J = 5,

T + 2 /J + 1 = (23 + 2)/5 + 1 = 6 which is correct

Think of it this way:

After 2 yrs, there will be another child. If they have a child every J years, it means (J - 2) yrs have passed since they had their last child.
Let's say T = (J-2) + nJ
n is the number of periods of J years that have passed since T was born. In each one of these periods, one child must have been born.

Re-arranging, n = (T+2)/J - 1
so total number of children the couple will have after 2 yrs is n+2 (+2 to account for T and for the child that will be born 2 yrs from now)

Total number of children = (T+2)/J - 1 + 2 = (T+2)/J + 1

Thank you very much.

Please bear with me for a minute. I am still confused as how landed at 23 or 28. Did you choose these numbers to make sure that they end up being divisible by J? Since we must have an integer as the number of children?
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Re: No. of children. [#permalink]  03 Nov 2011, 23:18
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
Thank you very much.

Please bear with me for a minute. I am still confused as how landed at 23 or 28. Did you choose these numbers to make sure that they end up being divisible by J? Since we must have an integer as the number of children?

You chose J as 5. I only picked some values for T that would work with J = 5
How did I do that? After 2 yrs, there will be another child. It means 3 yrs have passed since their last child (since J = 5).
If T was born in year 0, there would have been a child every 5 years. Right now, we are 3 yrs more than some multiple of 5. So T could be 3 yrs old (no child born after T)/8 yrs old (1 child born after T)/13 yrs old (2 children born after T) etc
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Karishma
Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor
My Blog

Veritas Prep GMAT course is coming to India. Enroll in our weeklong Immersion Course that starts March 29!

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Manager
Joined: 08 Jun 2011
Posts: 98
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 18 [0], given: 65

Re: No. of children. [#permalink]  04 Nov 2011, 09:14
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
Thank you very much.

Please bear with me for a minute. I am still confused as how landed at 23 or 28. Did you choose these numbers to make sure that they end up being divisible by J? Since we must have an integer as the number of children?

You chose J as 5. I only picked some values for T that would work with J = 5
How did I do that? After 2 yrs, there will be another child. It means 3 yrs have passed since their last child (since J = 5).
If T was born in year 0, there would have been a child every 5 years. Right now, we are 3 yrs more than some multiple of 5. So T could be 3 yrs old (no child born after T)/8 yrs old (1 child born after T)/13 yrs old (2 children born after T) etc

Thank you so much. I now understand it.

To me, it seems as though the wording of the problem is quite obscure because when the question says "They will have a child after two years, it didn't specify whether these two years are included in J or they are just some arbitrary years. That is, they suddenly decided to change their plan and up had a child two years after their last one.
Re: No. of children.   [#permalink] 04 Nov 2011, 09:14
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