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"that" always modifies a word right before that ?? [#permalink]
15 Dec 2011, 00:05
100% (00:00) correct
0% (00:00) wrong based on 5 sessions
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For example, in this question,
113. The 151 member governments of the World Bank are expected to increase the bank’s funding by $175 billion, though some United States legislators cite an obstacle to congressional passage being the concern that the bank’s loans will help foreign producers compete with American businesses.
B. a concern as an obstacle to congressional passage C. as an obstacle to congressional passage the concern
The reason that b is not the answer is that "that" modifies "passage" in stead of "concern"?? But I 've seen many cases that "that" doesn't modify a word right before "that"
Re: "that" always modifies a word right before that ?? [#permalink]
31 Dec 2011, 20:04
That has two forms: (A)Used as a relative pronoun (B) Used to introduce a noun clause.
Relative pronoun: who, whom, that, which, those, where, when
When 'that' is used as a relative pronoun, it modifies the word that precedes it.
Something like: I love the car that is too costly. The above sentence comprises of two sentences: 1/ I love the car. 2/ The car is too costly. You replaced the subject 'the car' and replaced it with relative pronoun 'that' and tagged it in the first sentence to arrive at: I love the car that is too costly.
Note: GMAT in its peculiarity differentiates between 'that' and 'which'. Use that when you use it as a restrictive relative clauses such as the one above, but use which in non-restrictive clauses such as I love my car, which is red.
That he swims daily is a great habit
Consists of two sentences: he swims daily and something is a great habit. In the above sentence you have a noun clause: "he swims daily". You added that to it and added it to something is a great habit to come up with: That he swims daily is a great habit
Note:GMAT doesn't like sentences beginning with that: In GMAT, expletive 'it' is added and the sentence will be something like: It is a great habit that he swims daily.
Let me know if you have any other questions.
Re: "that" always modifies a word right before that ??
31 Dec 2011, 20:04