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"that" always modifies a word right before that ??

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"that" always modifies a word right before that ?? [#permalink] New post 14 Dec 2011, 23:05
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A
B
C
D
E

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100% (00:00) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 4 sessions
For example, in this question,

113. The 151 member governments of the World Bank are expected to increase the bank’s funding by $175 billion, though some United States legislators cite an obstacle to congressional passage being the concern that the bank’s loans will help foreign producers compete with American businesses.

B. a concern as an obstacle to congressional passage
C. as an obstacle to congressional passage the concern


The reason that b is not the answer is that "that" modifies "passage" in stead of "concern"??
But I 've seen many cases that "that" doesn't modify a word right before "that"

Is there anybody who can explain it to me?
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Re: "that" always modifies a word right before that ?? [#permalink] New post 16 Dec 2011, 21:25
B says "cite a concern as an obstacle." This is backwards.
They are not citing a concern. They are citing the obstacle. That obstacle IS a concern. The concern is not an obstacle.

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Re: "that" always modifies a word right before that ?? [#permalink] New post 31 Dec 2011, 19:04
That has two forms: (A)Used as a relative pronoun (B) Used to introduce a noun clause.

Relative pronoun: who, whom, that, which, those, where, when

When 'that' is used as a relative pronoun, it modifies the word that precedes it.

Something like: I love the car that is too costly.
The above sentence comprises of two sentences: 1/ I love the car. 2/ The car is too costly.
You replaced the subject 'the car' and replaced it with relative pronoun 'that' and tagged it in the first sentence to arrive at: I love the car that is too costly.

Note: GMAT in its peculiarity differentiates between 'that' and 'which'. Use that when you use it as a restrictive relative clauses such as the one above, but use which in non-restrictive clauses such as I love my car, which is red.

Noun clauses:

That he swims daily is a great habit

Consists of two sentences: he swims daily and something is a great habit.
In the above sentence you have a noun clause: "he swims daily". You added that to it and added it to
something is a great habit to come up with: That he swims daily is a great habit

Note:GMAT doesn't like sentences beginning with that: In GMAT, expletive 'it' is added and the sentence will be something like: It is a great habit that he swims daily.

Let me know if you have any other questions.
Re: "that" always modifies a word right before that ??   [#permalink] 31 Dec 2011, 19:04
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