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The argument of the federal government providing funds

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Senior Manager
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Kudos [?]: 321 [1] , given: 325

The argument of the federal government providing funds [#permalink]  29 Jun 2013, 11:43
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Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

49% (02:44) correct 51% (01:07) wrong based on 165 sessions
The argument of the federal government providing funds of 10,000 organ transplants this year and considerably fewer donor organs expected to be available because road accident fatalities have decreased steadily over the past decade assumes that a large number of donor organs are obtained from casualties of road accidents.

(A)The argument of the federal government providing funds of 10,000 organ transplants this year and considerably fewer donor organs expected to be available

(B)That the federal government provided funds of 10,000 organ transplants this year but considerably fewer donor organs expected to be available

(C)The argument that, while the federal government has provided funds of 10,000 organ transplants this year, considerably fewer donor organs are expected to be available

(D)The argument being while federal government provided funds for 10,000 organ transplants this year, considerably fewer donor organs expected to be available

(E)While federal government has provided funds for 10,000 organ transplants this year, considerably fewer donor organs are expected to be available

OE

[Reveal] Spoiler:
The basic structure of this sentence boils down to “The argument that X assumes that Y,” where X and Y are complete thoughts. The only answer with this structure is C.

A. “The argument of the federal government providing” is awkward and not idiomatic. “Of” must be “that.” “Providing” is not parallel to “expected.”

B. The primary verb “assumes” requires the subject of the sentence to be an argument. The best format for this would be to make the subject “the argument” and subsume the content of the argument in a “that” clause modifying “the argument,” as is done correctly in answer choice C. Also, “fewer donor organs expected” is incorrect because it uses “expected” as an active verb, suggesting that the organs expected something. The correct construction is “fewer donor organs are expected,” suggesting that other agents expect fewer organs to be available.

C. Correct.

D. “The argument being” is awkward. Avoid “being” whenever possible. “Fewer donor organs expected” is incorrect; see the explanation for answer choice B.

E. The overall structure of the sentence is determined by the verb “assumes.” This choice contains a new subject/verb pair, “fewer donor organs are expected,” which itself cannot be the subject of the verb “assumes.” This subject/verb pair has to be contained within a “that” clause modifying a noun (e.g., “the argument”) that would be the subject of the verb “assumes.”

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by guerrero25 on 29 Jun 2013, 16:21, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The argument of the federal government providing funds [#permalink]  29 Jun 2013, 12:11
guerrero25 wrote:
The argument of the federal government providing funds of 10,000 organ transplants this year and considerably fewer donor organs expected to be available because road accident fatalities have decreased steadily over the past decade assumes that a large number of donor organs are obtained from casualties of road accidents.

(A)The argument of the federal government providing funds of 10,000 organ transplants this year and considerably fewer donor organs expected to be available

(B)That the federal government provided funds of 10,000 organ transplants this year but considerably fewer donor organs expected to be available

(C)The argument that, while the federal government has provided funds of 10,000 organ transplants this year, considerably fewer donor organs are expected to be available

(D)The argument being while federal government provided funds for 10,000 organ transplants this year, considerably fewer donor organs expected to be available

(E)While federal government has provided funds for 10,000 organ transplants this year, considerably fewer donor organs are expected to be available

IMO A

THIS ONE IS REALLY GOOD.
IF POSSIBLE PLEASE SOMEONE EXPLAIN THE MEANING OF THE SENTENCE.

WAITING FOR OA
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Last edited by blueseas on 29 Jun 2013, 12:53, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The argument of the federal government providing funds [#permalink]  29 Jun 2013, 12:40
Looks like B is correct. However, not sure of the use of the word "while"
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Last edited by DelSingh on 30 Jun 2013, 06:06, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The argument of the federal government providing funds [#permalink]  29 Jun 2013, 13:56
shaileshmishra wrote:
guerrero25 wrote:
The argument of the federal government providing funds of 10,000 organ transplants this year and considerably fewer donor organs expected to be available because road accident fatalities have decreased steadily over the past decade assumes that a large number of donor organs are obtained from casualties of road accidents.

(A)The argument of the federal government providing funds of 10,000 organ transplants this year and considerably fewer donor organs expected to be available

(B)That the federal government provided funds of 10,000 organ transplants this year but considerably fewer donor organs expected to be available

(C)The argument that, while the federal government has provided funds of 10,000 organ transplants this year, considerably fewer donor organs are expected to be available

(D)The argument being while federal government provided funds for 10,000 organ transplants this year, considerably fewer donor organs expected to be available

(E)While federal government has provided funds for 10,000 organ transplants this year, considerably fewer donor organs are expected to be available

IMO A

THIS ONE IS REALLY GOOD.
IF POSSIBLE PLEASE SOMEONE EXPLAIN THE MEANING OF THE SENTENCE.

WAITING FOR OA

Basically, the author is just telling you that the assumption of the argument is that all the organs are collected from people who died in car accidents.
The modifiers in blue are simply just describing "argument".

The argument of the federal government providing funds of 10,000 organ transplants this year and considerably fewer donor organs expected to be available because road accident fatalities have decreased steadily over the past decade assumes that a large number of donor organs are obtained from casualties of road accidents.

The question is trying to trick you into getting lost in the details (modifers) describing.
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Re: The argument of the federal government providing funds [#permalink]  29 Jun 2013, 14:17
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The argument of the federal government providing funds of 10,000 organ transplants this year and considerably fewer donor organs expected to be available because road accident fatalities have decreased steadily over the past decade assumes that a large number of donor organs are obtained from casualties of road accidents.

The only thing here that can "assume" is the argument, so it must act as subject of the sentence, A C and D remain.

A uses an "and" connector not correctly.
(A)The argument of the federal government and considerably fewer donor organs expected to be available

C IMO correct.
(C)The argument that, (while the federal government has provided funds of 10,000 organ transplants this year ), considerably fewer donor organs are expected to be available

Never in an official question a modifier begins with "being". "The argument being while government" what does it mean?
(D)The argument being while federal government provided funds for 10,000 organ transplants this year, considerably fewer donor organs expected to be available
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Senior Manager
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Kudos [?]: 321 [0], given: 325

Re: The argument of the federal government providing funds [#permalink]  29 Jun 2013, 16:23
thanks everyone . OA edited with OE
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Re: The argument of the federal government providing funds [#permalink]  30 Jun 2013, 21:59
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This is an excellent questions! Really impressive.
The only way to crack it is by -
1) Reading the entire statement at the first go and paraphrasing it to understand who assumes what!
2) Skimming through options nullifying those which don't conform to the "who" assumes "what" logic
3) You have a clear winner of the 5 options!!
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Re: The argument of the federal government providing funds [#permalink]  05 Mar 2015, 06:22
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: The argument of the federal government providing funds [#permalink]  05 Mar 2015, 10:31
C is the right answer. A difficult question. However, I think e-gmat makes questions difficult not by concepts but making it dfficult to understand the language.
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Re: The argument of the federal government providing funds   [#permalink] 05 Mar 2015, 10:31
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