Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 24 Jul 2014, 09:06

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

To allay public concern about chemicals that are leaking

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 14 Jul 2004
Posts: 700
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
To allay public concern about chemicals that are leaking [#permalink] New post 22 May 2005, 18:10
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

0% (00:00) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 0 sessions
To allay public concern about chemicals that are leaking into a river from a chemical company's long-established dump, a company representative said, "Federal law requires that every new checmical be tested for safety before it is put onto the market. This is analogous to the federal law mandating testing of every pharmaeutical substance for safety"

Which one of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the representative's implied argument that the public need not be concerned about the leak?

A) When pharmaceutical substances are tested for safety pursuant to federal requirements, a delay is imposed on the entry of potentially lifesaving substances onto the market

B) Leakage from the dump has occurred in noticeable amounts only in the last few months.

C) Before the federal law requiring testing of nonpharmaceutical chemicals went into effect recently, there were 40,000 such chemicals being manufactured, many of them dangerous.

D) The concentration of the chemicals leaking into the river diluted, first by rainwater and then by the water in the river

E) The water in the river is murky because of the runoff of silt from a number of nearby construction projects.
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 01 Feb 2003
Posts: 854
Location: Hyderabad
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 16 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
 [#permalink] New post 22 May 2005, 19:39
only C seems to fit

D& E are definitely out. E is out of scope and D doesn't weaken the representative's reply.

B does not provide any basis to weaken the reply - it just provides information not relevant to the argument and A is out of scope.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 21 Apr 2005
Posts: 167
Location: Atlanta , GA
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
 [#permalink] New post 22 May 2005, 20:01
Vithal wrote:
only C seems to fit

D& E are definitely out. E is out of scope and D doesn't weaken the representative's reply.

B does not provide any basis to weaken the reply - it just provides information not relevant to the argument and A is out of scope.



'C' for the same reasons
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 20 Mar 2005
Posts: 48
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 0

 [#permalink] New post 22 May 2005, 20:02
I am inclined towards A.

A) The delay implies that there may be chemicals that are not safe since the they are still not on the market..will potentially weaken official's stmt.
B) We know that leakage has occurred. It doesn't affect the company official's conclusion
C)nonpharmacutical chemicals may not be relevant since by making an anlogy, the official implies that his is a pharma company... also out of scope since we are talking about prior to the law
D) This doesn't weaken the stmt.
E) out of scope/irrelevant

A sounds best to me.
_________________

krish


Last edited by cracker_jack on 23 May 2005, 18:09, edited 1 time in total.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 08 Mar 2005
Posts: 101
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 0

 [#permalink] New post 22 May 2005, 22:17
A clearcut C
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 10 Nov 2004
Posts: 294
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
 [#permalink] New post 23 May 2005, 00:44
A real tough one
I find none of the choices v.convincing. Seems all choices get eliminated POE as none is relevant.

C says: before law of NONnonpharmaceutical chemicals, 40,000 chemicals were being manufactued.
But it has no connection with the law of pharmaceutical chemicals just passed. Had C stated law if pharmaceutical chemicals, it would have been correct.

Moreover it doesn't say how many nonpharmaceutical chemicals are being manufactured now. If they are less than what were being manufactured before the passing of law, it would infact be supporting the representative's claim.

Are we sure there isn't any typo in C?
VP
VP
avatar
Joined: 30 Sep 2004
Posts: 1493
Location: Germany
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 39 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
 [#permalink] New post 23 May 2005, 02:11
A)...the author bases his argument on an analogy between chemical and pharmaceutical substances. while he states his argument the chemical substances are already running into the river. so there is no delay. when pharmaceuticals are put into the market, there is a delay. we can infer that the reason for the delay is that the public is prepared. in the case of the arguement the public should be concerned because the cases are different and so the analogy doesnt work. so it weakens the argument.
_________________

If your mind can conceive it and your heart can believe it, have faith that you can achieve it.

Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 03 Nov 2004
Posts: 870
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
 [#permalink] New post 23 May 2005, 06:18
I would go with C

'A' can be eliminated because a delay in the entry of potentially lifesaving pharmaceutical substances onto the market has no bearing on the main argument - public need not be concerned about the leak.
Where as C directly weakens the argument by saying that the public should be concerned about the 40,000 chemicals that were manufactured before the federal law mandated testing of such chemicals.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 07 Nov 2004
Posts: 459
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
 [#permalink] New post 23 May 2005, 11:07
C, which means public should be concerned.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 13 Jan 2005
Posts: 331
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
 [#permalink] New post 23 May 2005, 13:25
A tough one. C
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 18 Apr 2005
Posts: 551
Location: Canuckland
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
 [#permalink] New post 23 May 2005, 13:28
C for me
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 14 Jul 2004
Posts: 700
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
 [#permalink] New post 24 May 2005, 17:07
Bumping up this thread. I'll post in a couple of days. Lets give it some more time.
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 14 Jul 2004
Posts: 700
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
 [#permalink] New post 01 Jun 2005, 05:46
The OA is C.

the OE is that "C suggests that it is not just chemicalsthat testing has shown to be safe that are leaking from the dump. Since the dump has been there for a long time, it might well contain a large number of dangerous chemicals that came on the market before the legislation requiring testing of new chemicals went into effect. So C, by calling into question a crucial assumption of the represntative's argument, weakness that argument".

This is an "Official" LSAT question.

Follow Up Questions:

#1) Why the "analogy argument" wrong here? Based on the passage stem, the author tries to establish the following: "hey federal law for chemical testing is SIMILIAR/ANALOGOUS to federal law mandating that every pharmaceutical substances be tested".

AC "A" "breaks the analogy" by providing a criterion for how they are different. For those of you who say that this is irrelevant to the argument [public need not be concerned about the leak] please answer the following: The author employs an analogy to reach the conclusion that public need not be concerned about the leak. So to say that the analogy doesnt address the author's conclusion is not accurate [atleast in my opinion]

#2) For those of you who chose "C", how did you make the connection that the 40,000 chemicals being manufactured came from this chemical company and not the industry in general?
VP
VP
avatar
Joined: 18 Nov 2004
Posts: 1447
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 15 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
 [#permalink] New post 01 Jun 2005, 07:42
gmataquaguy wrote:
The OA is C.

the OE is that "C suggests that it is not just chemicalsthat testing has shown to be safe that are leaking from the dump. Since the dump has been there for a long time, it might well contain a large number of dangerous chemicals that came on the market before the legislation requiring testing of new chemicals went into effect. So C, by calling into question a crucial assumption of the represntative's argument, weakness that argument".

This is an "Official" LSAT question.

Follow Up Questions:

#1) Why the "analogy argument" wrong here? Based on the passage stem, the author tries to establish the following: "hey federal law for chemical testing is SIMILIAR/ANALOGOUS to federal law mandating that every pharmaceutical substances be tested".

AC "A" "breaks the analogy" by providing a criterion for how they are different. For those of you who say that this is irrelevant to the argument [public need not be concerned about the leak] please answer the following: The author employs an analogy to reach the conclusion that public need not be concerned about the leak. So to say that the analogy doesnt address the author's conclusion is not accurate [atleast in my opinion]

#2) For those of you who chose "C", how did you make the connection that the 40,000 chemicals being manufactured came from this chemical company and not the industry in general?


The ans shud be the one that most weakens the conclusion. It's true that author derives an analogy, however, A addresses only what pharma companies r supposed to do, doesn't say that this company isn't restricted in such a way. We simply don't know if the same kind of delay r imposed on these companies as well.

C, being the best ans, addresses directly and talks abt chemicals that were dumped earlier. Notice the phrase "long-established dump" in the start of the argument. Stem is not abt knowing if this is the company that have been dumping or some other, it is abt how best we can weaken the conclusion and create even more fear among the public.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 28 Oct 2004
Posts: 95
Location: Irvine, CA
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

 [#permalink] New post 01 Jun 2005, 09:48
C,

will explain if right.
_________________

discipline is what I need.

Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 14 Jul 2004
Posts: 700
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
 [#permalink] New post 02 Jun 2005, 10:09
banerjeea_98 wrote:

The ans shud be the one that most weakens the conclusion. It's true that author derives an analogy, however, A addresses only what pharma companies r supposed to do, doesn't say that this company isn't restricted in such a way. We simply don't know if the same kind of delay r imposed on these companies as well.

C, being the best ans, addresses directly and talks abt chemicals that were dumped earlier. Notice the phrase "long-established dump" in the start of the argument. Stem is not abt knowing if this is the company that have been dumping or some other, it is abt how best we can weaken the conclusion and create even more fear among the public.


I dont want to sound argumentative but am trying to clarify my concepts.

Having said that, I'm even more confused now. According to "Official LSAT/GMAT" material you should have only 1 correct answer and everything else is wrong for a certain reason. I'm just not able to discern why AC A is irrelevant or just wrong. In his passage stem the author lays out an analogy between Federal Laws for "chemicals" and Federal laws for "pharmaceuticals".

If anyone says that AC "A" talks is irrelevant becuase it addresses only pharma stuff then why would an author employ an analogy to pharmas in the first place.

Anyone else?
  [#permalink] 02 Jun 2005, 10:09
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
Concerns about public health led to the construction between jaynayak 6 12 Aug 2006, 09:34
Concerns about public health led to the construction between Professor 5 02 Apr 2006, 11:56
Concerns about public health led to the construction between rahulraao 5 23 Nov 2005, 05:52
Concerns about public health led to the construction between okdongdong 5 02 Aug 2005, 05:57
Concerns about public health led to the construction between Dookie 10 09 Dec 2004, 06:52
Display posts from previous: Sort by

To allay public concern about chemicals that are leaking

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Privacy Policy| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.