Although it may seem to be counterintuitive, a country must reduce poverty and hunger concurrent with a reduction in the death rate if it hopes not to suffer a major growth in population. Poor and hungry people will feel the need to have many children until infant mortality decreases as the result of the benefits of economic growth.
This argument would be weakened if it could be shown that
A) poverty and hunger do not necessarily account for a country's death rate
B) most large families consist of four different generations
C) infant mortality is not the primary reason for having many children
D) the rate of infant mortality need not increase when the death rate increases
E) in most wealthy countries, the benefits of economic growth are differentially distributed across the population