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Fruit bats gather in large, sociable swarms and have long

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Fruit bats gather in large, sociable swarms and have long [#permalink] New post 11 Jun 2013, 00:22
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Question Stats:

61% (01:55) correct 39% (00:52) wrong based on 104 sessions
Fruit bats gather in large, sociable swarms and have long life spans, circumstances that may be particularly hospitable to harmful viruses.

a) Fruit bats gather in large, sociable swarms and have long life spans, circumstances that may be particularly hospitable to harmful viruses.
b) Fruit bats gather in large, sociable swarms and have long life spans and circumstances that may be particularly hospitable to harmful viruses.
c) Fruit bats, which gather in large, sociable swarms and have long life spans, circumstances that may be particularly hospitable to harmful viruses.
d) Fruit bats, which gather in large, sociable swarms, have long life spans and circumstances that may be particularly hospitable for harmful viruses.
e) Fruit bats, gathering in large, sociable swarms, have long life spans and circumstances that may be particularly hospitable for harmful viruses.


Please provide explantions! thanks
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Fruit bats gather in large, sociable swarms and have long li [#permalink] New post 11 Jun 2013, 00:37
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Fruit bats gather in large, sociable swarms and have long life spans, circumstances that may be particularly hospitable to harmful viruses.

The structure of the sentence B is
Bats gather (...) and have (...) and circumstances (...)
while the first two terms are correctly in a parallel structure, the third one should not be put "on the same level" as the first two.
C is not a sentence
c) Fruit bats(subject), which gather in large, sociable swarms and have long life spans, circumstances that may be particularly hospitable to harmful viruses (modifer).
The sencond part is composed by modifers, and there is no main verb.
The strcuture in D is not correct
d) Fruit bats, which gather in large, sociable swarms(modifier), have long life spans and circumstances that may be particularly hospitable for harmful viruses.
Bats have (...) and circumstances, once more and is the wrong connector
E has the same problem

A is the correct answer
a) Fruit bats gather in large, sociable swarms and have long life spans, circumstances that may be particularly hospitable to harmful viruses.
The structure is perfect: subject and verbs are parallel, and the second clause (not connected by "and") correctly adds info.
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Re: Fruit bats gather in large, sociable swarms and have long li [#permalink] New post 11 Jun 2013, 00:51
Could you explain the usage of "hospitable to" and "hospitable for"
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Re: Fruit bats gather in large, sociable swarms and have long li [#permalink] New post 11 Jun 2013, 01:02
The author is trying to say that fruit bats gather in large, sociable swarms and have long life spans. Such a situation is hospitable for harmful viruses to exist.

B. Fruit bats gather in large, sociable swarms and have long life spans and circumstances that may be particularly hospitable to harmful viruses
Means the fruit bats have the circumstances in addition to long lifespans. Incorrect.

C. Fruit bats, which gather in large, sociable swarms and have long life spans, circumstances that may be particularly hospitable to harmful viruses.
The last part of the sentence forms a clause that cannot stand by itself. Incorrect.

D. Fruit bats, which gather in large, sociable swarms, have long life spans and circumstances that may be particularly hospitable for harmful viruses.
E. Fruit bats, gathering in large, sociable swarms, have long life spans and circumstances that may be particularly hospitable for harmful viruses.
Like B, these options imply that fruit bats have the favorable circumstances for harmful viruses to prevail. Incorrect.

A. Fruit bats gather in large, sociable swarms and have long life spans, circumstances that may be particularly hospitable to harmful viruses.
This option accurately presents the author's intent
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Re: Fruit bats gather in large, sociable swarms and have long li [#permalink] New post 11 Jun 2013, 01:15
fozzzy wrote:
Could you explain the usage of "hospitable to" and "hospitable for"


It's hard to say, and it' s not the point.

I mean: focus on the overall structure first.
Try to see if the meaning is correct, if the sentence uses a correct structure,...
There are many things you can check before "hospitable to" VS "hospitable for".
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Re: Fruit bats gather in large, sociable swarms and have long li [#permalink] New post 11 Jun 2013, 18:05
fozzzy wrote:
Fruit bats gather in large, sociable swarms and have long life spans, circumstances that may be particularly hospitable to harmful viruses.

a) Fruit bats gather in large, sociable swarms and have long life spans, circumstances that may be particularly hospitable to harmful viruses.
b) Fruit bats gather in large, sociable swarms and have long life spans and circumstances that may be particularly hospitable to harmful viruses.
c) Fruit bats, which gather in large, sociable swarms and have long life spans, circumstances that may be particularly hospitable to harmful viruses.
d) Fruit bats, which gather in large, sociable swarms, have long life spans and circumstances that may be particularly hospitable for harmful viruses.
e) Fruit bats, gathering in large, sociable swarms, have long life spans and circumstances that may be particularly hospitable for harmful viruses.


Please provide explantions! thanks


The original sentence has proper parallelism and modifier usage.

Fruit bats
gather in large, sociable swarms
and have long life spans, circumstances that may be particularly hospitable to harmful viruses

Underlined part is the modifier.
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Re: Fruit bats gather in large, sociable swarms and have long li [#permalink] New post 25 Sep 2013, 07:03
nice explanation zarralou +1 to you :)
Re: Fruit bats gather in large, sociable swarms and have long li   [#permalink] 25 Sep 2013, 07:03
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