If a, b, and c are integers such that 0 < a < b < c < 10, is : GMAT Data Sufficiency (DS)
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# If a, b, and c are integers such that 0 < a < b < c < 10, is

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If a, b, and c are integers such that 0 < a < b < c < 10, is [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2013, 01:59
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If a, b, and c are integers such that 0 < a < b < c < 10, is the product abc divisible by 3?

(1) If $$\frac{a}{1000}$$ + $$\frac{b}{100}$$ + $$\frac{c}{10}$$ is expressed as a single fraction reduced to lowest terms, the denominator is 200.

(2) c – b < b – a
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: If a, b, and c are integers such that 0 < a < b < c < 10, is [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2013, 02:52
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If a, b, and c are integers such that 0 < a < b < c < 10, is the product abc divisible by 3?

(1) If $$\frac{a}{1000}$$ + $$\frac{b}{100}$$ + $$\frac{c}{10}$$ is expressed as a single fraction reduced to lowest terms, the denominator is 200.

$$\frac{a}{1000}$$ + $$\frac{b}{100}$$ + $$\frac{c}{10}=\frac{a+10b+100c}{1000}$$. Since when reduced to lowest terms, the denominator is 1000/5=200, then a+10b+100c must be divisible by 5, which implies that a must be divisible by 5. Now, since 0<a<10, then a=5.

Next, abc won't be divisible by 3, if and only, b and c are 7 and 8 respectively (in all other cases b or c will be divisible by 3 since 5<b<c<10), but in this case a+10b+100c=875=25*35 and in this case $$\frac{a+10b+100c}{1000}=\frac{875}{1000}=\frac{7}{8}$$, so reduced to lowest terms the denominator is 8 not 200 as stated.

Therefore abc IS divisible by 3. Sufficient.

(2) c – b < b – a. This implies that a+c<2b. If a=1, b=4 and c=5, then the answer is NO but if a=1, b=6 and c=7, then the answer is YES. Not sufficient.

Hope it's clear.
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Re: If a, b, and c are integers such that 0 < a < b < c < 10, is [#permalink]

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17 Apr 2013, 05:28
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skamal7 wrote:
Hi bunnel,

Can you plesae explain the below part in ur post little more
but in this case a+10b+100c=875=25*35 and in this case \frac{a+10b+100c}{1000}=\frac{875}{1000}=\frac{7}{8}, so reduced to lowest terms the denominator is 8 not 200 as stated.

I a not able to understand how 25*35 comes and also how from the fraction 7/8 ur deducing that abc is divisble by 3?

We have that a=5. We also know that 5 < b < c < 10. Now, abc won't be divisible by 3, if and only, b and c are 7 and 8 respectively (in all other cases either b is 6 or c is 9 since 5<b<c<10). So, if we can prove that b and c are NOT 7 and 8 respectively, then abc WILL be divisible by 3.

If b=7 and c=8, then a+10b+100c=875 (875=25*35) and in this case $$\frac{a+10b+100c}{1000}=\frac{875}{1000}=\frac{7}{8}$$, so reduced to lowest terms the denominator is 8 not 200 as stated.

Thus, b and c are NOT 7 and 8 respectively. Therefore b is 6 or/and c is 9, so abc IS divisible by 3.

Hope it helps.
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Re: If a, b, and c are integers such that 0 < a < b < c < 10, is [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2013, 03:02
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emmak wrote:
If a, b, and c are integers such that 0 < a < b < c < 10, is the product abc divisible by 3?

(1) If $$\frac{a}{1000}$$ + $$\frac{b}{100}$$ + $$\frac{c}{10}$$ is expressed as a single fraction reduced to lowest terms, the denominator is 200.

(2) c – b < b – a

A++ to the question!
is the product abc divisible by 3? means is at least one a multiple of 3?

$$\frac{a}{1000}$$ + $$\frac{b}{100}$$ + $$\frac{c}{10}$$ expressed as one fraction is
$$\frac{a+10b+100c}{1000}$$ the factors of 200 are 2*5*2*5*2. To get the fraction to a 200 Den the sum must be a multiple of 5 and must NOT have a 2 or more 5s as factor, otherwise other semplification will be possbile.

1)the sum must be a multiple of 5, $$a+10b+100c$$ if this is a multiple of 5 must end in 0 or 5. (note that b will be the first digit of the tens and c will be the first digit of the hundreds and c is the unit). To end in 0 or 5 a must be 0 or 5. a cannot be 0 (0<a) so $$a=5$$. Good

2) $$5+10b+100c$$ must NOT have a 2 as factor or any more 5. divide by 5 $$1+2b+20c$$ what remains after the first division MUST not be even or a multiple of 5.
This means that $$2b\neq{4}$$ $$2b\neq{9}$$ $$2b\neq{14}$$ $$2b\neq{19}$$
and so on otherwise it will be divisibe: ie 2b=9 1+9+2C will be divisibe by 2 and 5.
Of all the values b cannot assume there is one that is interesting : $$2b\neq{14}$$ $$b\neq{7}$$ ( all other value of b are decimals of out of range 5-10)
So a=5 $$b\neq{7}$$. With this info every combination abc will have a multiple of 3. The statement is SUFFICIENT.

(2) c – b < b – a $$c+a<2b$$ Not sufficient. b=3 c=5 a =1 YES b=4 c=5 a=1 NO.
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Re: If a, b, and c are integers such that 0 < a < b < c < 10, is [#permalink]

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24 Apr 2013, 04:32
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khar wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
If a, b, and c are integers such that 0 < a < b < c < 10, is the product abc divisible by 3?

(1) If $$\frac{a}{1000}$$ + $$\frac{b}{100}$$ + $$\frac{c}{10}$$ is expressed as a single fraction reduced to lowest terms, the denominator is 200.

$$\frac{a}{1000}$$ + $$\frac{b}{100}$$ + $$\frac{c}{10}=\frac{a+10b+100c}{1000}$$. Since when reduced to lowest terms, the denominator is 1000/5=200, then a+10b+100c must be divisible by 5, which implies that a must be divisible by 5. Now, since 0<a<10, then a=5.

Next, abc won't be divisible by 3, if and only, b and c are 7 and 8 respectively (in all other cases b or c will be divisible by 3 since 5<b<c<10), but in this case a+10b+100c=875=25*35 and in this case $$\frac{a+10b+100c}{1000}=\frac{875}{1000}=\frac{7}{8}$$, so reduced to lowest terms the denominator is 8 not 200 as stated.

Therefore abc IS divisible by 3. Sufficient.

(2) c – b < b – a. This implies that a+c<2b. If a=1, b=4 and c=5, then the answer is NO but if a=1, b=6 and c=7, then the answer is YES. Not sufficient.

Hope it's clear.

HI,

could you please explain how (100C+10b+a)/1000 has a denominator with 200? as when u take a three digit number we express it as 100C+10B+A, So how a three digit number when divided by 1000 has 200 as denominator? i thought E as the answer (please correct me if i am wrong) .

Khar.

For example, if a=5, b=6 and c=7, then $$\frac{a+10b+100c}{1000}=\frac{765}{1000}=\frac{153}{200}$$.

Hope it helps.
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Re: If a, b, and c are integers such that 0 < a < b < c < 10, is [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2013, 23:09
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stne wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
stne wrote:
This is a good question, but the part where we have a+10b+100c and which implies that a is the unit digit is not clear to me . What is the concept here? How are we able to deduce that a is the unit digit , b tens and c hundreds?

Any 3-digit number XYZ can be represented as 100X + 10Y + Z, for example 246 = 2*100 + 4*10 + 6.

Since, a, b, and c are single digits (0 < a < b < c < 10), then 100c + 10b + a gives a 3-digit integer cba (the same way as above).

Hope it's clear.

yups now its clear

Zarrolou's comment as highlighted below confused me,I guess he meant b will be the tens digit and c will be the hundreds digit and a will be the units digit, "b will be the first digit of the tens" did not make sense to me. Is that possible? b will be the tens digit, what do we mean by " first digit of the tens and first digit of the Hundreds"

Zarrolou wrote:
".... (note that b will be the first digit of the tens and c will be the first digit of the hundreds and c is the unit)...."

I think he meant a=units, b=tens, and c=hundreds.
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Re: If a, b, and c are integers such that 0 < a < b < c < 10, is [#permalink]

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17 Apr 2013, 05:10
Hi bunnel,

Can you plesae explain the below part in ur post little more
but in this case a+10b+100c=875=25*35 and in this case \frac{a+10b+100c}{1000}=\frac{875}{1000}=\frac{7}{8}, so reduced to lowest terms the denominator is 8 not 200 as stated.

I a not able to understand how 25*35 comes and also how from the fraction 7/8 ur deducing that abc is divisble by 3?
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Re: If a, b, and c are integers such that 0 < a < b < c < 10, is [#permalink]

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23 Apr 2013, 11:11
Bunuel wrote:
If a, b, and c are integers such that 0 < a < b < c < 10, is the product abc divisible by 3?

(1) If $$\frac{a}{1000}$$ + $$\frac{b}{100}$$ + $$\frac{c}{10}$$ is expressed as a single fraction reduced to lowest terms, the denominator is 200.

$$\frac{a}{1000}$$ + $$\frac{b}{100}$$ + $$\frac{c}{10}=\frac{a+10b+100c}{1000}$$. Since when reduced to lowest terms, the denominator is 1000/5=200, then a+10b+100c must be divisible by 5, which implies that a must be divisible by 5. Now, since 0<a<10, then a=5.

Next, abc won't be divisible by 3, if and only, b and c are 7 and 8 respectively (in all other cases b or c will be divisible by 3 since 5<b<c<10), but in this case a+10b+100c=875=25*35 and in this case $$\frac{a+10b+100c}{1000}=\frac{875}{1000}=\frac{7}{8}$$, so reduced to lowest terms the denominator is 8 not 200 as stated.

Therefore abc IS divisible by 3. Sufficient.

(2) c – b < b – a. This implies that a+c<2b. If a=1, b=4 and c=5, then the answer is NO but if a=1, b=6 and c=7, then the answer is YES. Not sufficient.

Hope it's clear.

HI,

could you please explain how (100C+10b+a)/1000 has a denominator with 200? as when u take a three digit number we express it as 100C+10B+A, So how a three digit number when divided by 1000 has 200 as denominator? i thought E as the answer (please correct me if i am wrong) .

Khar.
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Re: If a, b, and c are integers such that 0 < a < b < c < 10, is [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2013, 22:36
This is a good question, but the part where we have a+10b+100c and which implies that a is the unit digit is not clear to me . What is the concept here? How are we able to deduce that a is the unit digit , b tens and c hundreds?
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Re: If a, b, and c are integers such that 0 < a < b < c < 10, is [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2013, 22:47
stne wrote:
This is a good question, but the part where we have a+10b+100c and which implies that a is the unit digit is not clear to me . What is the concept here? How are we able to deduce that a is the unit digit , b tens and c hundreds?

Any 3-digit number XYZ can be represented as 100X + 10Y + Z, for example 246 = 2*100 + 4*10 + 6.

Since, a, b, and c are single digits (0 < a < b < c < 10), then 100c + 10b + a gives a 3-digit integer cba (the same way as above).

Hope it's clear.
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Re: If a, b, and c are integers such that 0 < a < b < c < 10, is [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2013, 23:06
Bunuel wrote:
stne wrote:
This is a good question, but the part where we have a+10b+100c and which implies that a is the unit digit is not clear to me . What is the concept here? How are we able to deduce that a is the unit digit , b tens and c hundreds?

Any 3-digit number XYZ can be represented as 100X + 10Y + Z, for example 246 = 2*100 + 4*10 + 6.

Since, a, b, and c are single digits (0 < a < b < c < 10), then 100c + 10b + a gives a 3-digit integer cba (the same way as above).

Hope it's clear.

yups now its clear

Zarrolou's comment as highlighted below confused me,I guess he meant b will be the tens digit and c will be the hundreds digit and a will be the units digit, "b will be the first digit of the tens" did not make sense to me. Is that possible? b will be the tens digit, what do we mean by " first digit of the tens and first digit of the Hundreds"

Zarrolou wrote:
".... (note that b will be the first digit of the tens and c will be the first digit of the hundreds and c is the unit)...."

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