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To confirm understanding: if we rephrase the example 4 to say: Example #4 Q: There is a set A of 19 integers with mean 4 and standard deviation of 3. Now we form a new set B by adding 2 more elements to the set A. What two elements will increase the standard deviation the most? A) 9 and 3 B) -3 and 3 C) 6 and 1 D) 4 and 5 E) 5 and 5

Then the solution will be B (gives 8 points increase to the variation)?

To confirm understanding: if we rephrase the example 4 to say: Example #4 Q: There is a set A of 19 integers with mean 4 and standard deviation of 3. Now we form a new set B by adding 2 more elements to the set A. What two elements will increase the standard deviation the most? A) 9 and 3 B) -3 and 3 C) 6 and 1 D) 4 and 5 E) 5 and 5

Then the solution will be B

(gives 8 points increase to the variation)

?

Your answer is correct but the "variance" need not be an increase of 8.
_________________

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Could you pls explain why (2) alone is not insufficient? Is it because we don't have information of the number elements? that's why (2) is telling nothing useful? thanks....

Example #2 Q: There is a set of consecutive even integers. What is the standard deviation of the set? (1) There are 39 elements in the set. (2) the mean of the set is 382.

it can be {380,382,384} or {378, 380,382,384, 386} for example. Standard deviation of second set is greater than that of first set.

I know this is an old post but need to clear this concept..... Please explain how statement 1 alone is sufficient as it gives only the number of elements....how can we only use that to answer the question as to what is standard deviation of the set....

it can be {380,382,384} or {378, 380,382,384, 386} for example. Standard deviation of second set is greater than that of first set.

I know this is an old post but need to clear this concept..... Please explain how statement 1 alone is sufficient as it gives only the number of elements....how can we only use that to answer the question as to what is standard deviation of the set....

Two very important properties of standard deviation:

If we add or subtract a constant to each term in a set: Mean will increase or decrease by the same constant. SD will not change.

If we increase or decrease each term in a set by the same percent (multiply all terms by the constant): Mean will increase or decrease by the same percent. SD will increase or decrease by the same percent.

You can try it yourself: SD of a set: {1,1,4} will be the same as that of {5,5,8} as second set is obtained by adding 4 to each term of the first set.

That's because Standard Deviation shows how much variation there is from the mean. And when adding or subtracting a constant to each term we are shifting the mean of the set by this constant (mean will increase or decrease by the same constant) but the variation from the mean remains the same as all terms are also shifted by the same constant.

Back to the original question:

There is a set of consecutive even integers. What is the standard deviation of the set?

(1) There are 39 elements in the set --> SD of a set of ANY 39 consecutive even integers will be the same, as any set of 39 consecutive even integers can be obtained by adding constant to another set of 39 consecutive integers. For example: set of 39 consecutive integers {4, 6, 8, ..., 80} can be obtained by adding 4 to each term of another set of 39 consecutive integers: {0, 2, 4, ..., 76}. So we can calculate SD of {0, 2, 4, ..., 76} and we'll know that no matter what our set actually is, its SD will be the same. Sufficient.

(2) The mean of the set is 382 --> knowing mean gives us nothing, we must know the number of terms in the set, as SD of {380, 382, 384} is different from SD of {378, 380, 382, 384, 386}. Not sufficient.

it can be {380,382,384} or {378, 380,382,384, 386} for example. Standard deviation of second set is greater than that of first set.

I know this is an old post but need to clear this concept..... Please explain how statement 1 alone is sufficient as it gives only the number of elements....how can we only use that to answer the question as to what is standard deviation of the set....

Two very important properties of standard deviation:

If we add or subtract a constant to each term in a set: Mean will increase or decrease by the same constant. SD will not change.

If we increase or decrease each term in a set by the same percent (multiply all terms by the constant): Mean will increase or decrease by the same percent. SD will increase or decrease by the same percent.

You can try it yourself: SD of a set: {1,1,4} will be the same as that of {5,5,8} as second set is obtained by adding 4 to each term of the first set.

That's because Standard Deviation shows how much variation there is from the mean. And when adding or subtracting a constant to each term we are shifting the mean of the set by this constant (mean will increase or decrease by the same constant) but the variation from the mean remains the same as all terms are also shifted by the same constant.

Back to the original question:

There is a set of consecutive even integers. What is the standard deviation of the set?

(1) There are 39 elements in the set --> SD of a set of ANY 39 consecutive even integers will be the same, as any set of 39 consecutive even integers can be obtained by adding constant to another set of 39 consecutive integers. For example: set of 39 consecutive integers {4, 6, 8, ..., 80} can be obtained by adding 4 to each term of another set of 39 consecutive integers: {0, 2, 4, ..., 76}. So we can calculate SD of {0, 2, 4, ..., 76} and we'll know that no matter what our set actually is, its SD will be the same. Sufficient.

(2) The mean of the set is 382 --> knowing mean gives us nothing, we must know the number of terms in the set, as SD of {380, 382, 384} is different from SD of {378, 380, 382, 384, 386}. Not sufficient.

Answer: A.

Hope it's clear.

Extending your logic can we go on to say that the sum of 39 consecutive even integers will be the same as that of a set with 39 consecutive odd integers and a constant added to it.....E.G: a set {4, 6, 8, ..., 80} can be obtained by adding 3 to a set {1, 3, 5, ..., 77}....

Two very important properties of standard deviation:

If we add or subtract a constant to each term in a set: Mean will increase or decrease by the same constant. SD will not change.

If we increase or decrease each term in a set by the same percent (multiply all terms by the constant): Mean will increase or decrease by the same percent. SD will increase or decrease by the same percent.

You can try it yourself: SD of a set: {1,1,4} will be the same as that of {5,5,8} as second set is obtained by adding 4 to each term of the first set.

That's because Standard Deviation shows how much variation there is from the mean. And when adding or subtracting a constant to each term we are shifting the mean of the set by this constant (mean will increase or decrease by the same constant) but the variation from the mean remains the same as all terms are also shifted by the same constant.

Back to the original question:

There is a set of consecutive even integers. What is the standard deviation of the set?

(1) There are 39 elements in the set --> SD of a set of ANY 39 consecutive even integers will be the same, as any set of 39 consecutive even integers can be obtained by adding constant to another set of 39 consecutive integers. For example: set of 39 consecutive integers {4, 6, 8, ..., 80} can be obtained by adding 4 to each term of another set of 39 consecutive integers: {0, 2, 4, ..., 76}. So we can calculate SD of {0, 2, 4, ..., 76} and we'll know that no matter what our set actually is, its SD will be the same. Sufficient.

(2) The mean of the set is 382 --> knowing mean gives us nothing, we must know the number of terms in the set, as SD of {380, 382, 384} is different from SD of {378, 380, 382, 384, 386}. Not sufficient.

Answer: A.

Hope it's clear.

Extending your logic can we go on to say that the sum of 39 consecutive even integers will be the same as that of a set with 39 consecutive odd integers and a constant added to it.....E.G: a set {4, 6, 8, ..., 80} can be obtained by adding 3 to a set {1, 3, 5, ..., 77}....

So for GMAT sake all we should be concerned about is the number of terms, if a question of Determining the Standard deviation crops up...

Thank you for the brilliant explanation Bunuel.....

Well, that's not correct. For this question yes, knowing that the set is composed of even integers and knowing the number of the terms in the set is sufficient to determine the standard deviation. But just knowing the number of the terms in a set is certainly not enough.
_________________

So for GMAT sake all we should be concerned about is the number of terms, if a question of Determining the Standard deviation crops up...

Thank you for the brilliant explanation Bunuel.....

Well, that's not correct. For this question yes, knowing that the set is composed of even integers and knowing the number of the terms in the set is sufficient to determine the standard deviation. But just knowing the number of the terms in a set is certainly not enough.

could you put in an example for the same and also how then to go about such problems

So for GMAT sake all we should be concerned about is the number of terms, if a question of Determining the Standard deviation crops up...

Thank you for the brilliant explanation Bunuel.....

Well, that's not correct. For this question yes, knowing that the set is composed of even integers and knowing the number of the terms in the set is sufficient to determine the standard deviation. But just knowing the number of the terms in a set is certainly not enough.

could you put in an example for the same and also how then to go about such problems

Check our question banks (viewforumtags.php) for more questions on SD.

Under the "Properties "section , when a new element is added to a set ,it says , newer standard deviation is greater than the older standard deviation if | y - mean| >older standard deviation. Which mean is it alluding to? The mean after having a new element in the set or the old mean without the new element?

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