MaithiliGokarn wrote:
For a certain exam,a score of 58 was 2 standard deviations below mean and a score of 98 was 3 standard deviations above mean.What was the mean score for the exam?
A. 74
B. 76
C. 78
D. 80
E. 82
----------ASIDE---------------------
A little extra background on
standard deviations above and below the mean If, for example, a set has a standard deviation of 4, then:
1 standard deviation = 4
2 standard deviations = 8
3 standard deviations = 12
1.5 standard deviations = 6
0.25 standard deviations = 1
etc
So, if the mean of a set is 9, and the standard deviation is 4, then:
2 standard deviations ABOVE the mean =
17 [since 9 + 2(4) = 17] 1.5 standard deviations BELOW the mean =
3 [since 9 - 1.5(4) = 3] 3 standard deviations ABOVE the mean =
21 [since 9 + 3(4) = 21] etc.
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For this question, we can let M=mean and let D=the standard deviation
So,
58 is 2 standard deviations below the mean translates into M - 2D = 58
and
98 is 3 standard deviations above the mean translates into M + 3D = 98
When we solve this system of equations, we get M=74 and D=8
So the answer is A
Cheers,
Brent
_________________
Brent Hanneson – Creator of gmatprepnow.com
I’ve spent the last 20 years helping students overcome their difficulties with GMAT math, and the biggest thing I’ve learned is…
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