punyadeep wrote:
Set A consists of all even integers between 2 and 100, inclusive. Set X is derived by reducing each term in set A by 50, set Y is derived by multiplying each term in set A by 1.5, and set Z is derived by dividing each term in set A by -4. Which of the following represents the ranking of the three sets in descending order of standard deviation?
(A) X, Y, Z
(B) X, Z, Y
(C) Y, Z, X
(D) Y, X, Z
(E) Z, Y, X
pls explain the concept too....?? how do we find the spread frm mean when there r many terms involved..??
Set A - {2, 4, ..., 100};
Set X - {-48, -46, ..., 50};
Set Y - {3, 6, ..., 150};
Set Z - {-2/4, -4/4, ..., -100/4} = {-1/2, -1, -3/2, ..., -25}.
If we add or subtract a constant to each term in a set the SD will not change, so sets A and X will have the same SD.
If we increase or decrease each term in a set by the same percent (multiply by a constant) the SD will increase or decrease by the same percent, so set Y will have 1.5 times greater SD than set A and set Z will have 4 times less SD than set A (note SD can not be negative so SD of Z wil be SD of A divided by 4 not by -4).
So, the ranking of SD's in descending order is: Y, A=X, Z.
Answer: D.
Or the sane way as here:
standard-deviation-110874.html#p890965The standard deviation of a set shows how much variation there is from the mean, how widespread a given set is. So, a low standard deviation indicates that the data points tend to be very close to the mean, whereas high standard deviation indicates that the data are spread out over a large range of values.
You can see that set Y is most widespread and set Z is least widespread, so the correct answer is: Y, A=X, Z.
Answer: D.
For more on SD check:
math-standard-deviation-87905.htmlds-questions-about-standard-deviation-85896.htmlps-questions-about-standard-deviation-85897.html _________________