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Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted

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Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink] New post 21 Nov 2010, 03:08
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Most of Portugal’s 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a one-day strike to protest a law that requires them to contribute $330 a year toward the cost of higher education, previously paying $7 per year.

A. year toward the cost of higher education, previously paying $7 per year
B. year toward the cost of higher education, for which was previously paid $7 per year
C. year, compared to the previously $7 per year, toward the cost of higher education
D. year toward the cost of higher education, instead of the $7 per year required previously
E. year as opposed to the $7 per year required previously for the cost of higher education
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink] New post 21 Nov 2010, 08:02
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A says that the higher education was previously paying $7

B The phrase - for which was previously paid $7 per year - is too awkward to consider
In C - previously $7 per year - is grammatically wrong. Previously is an adverb and can not modify the noun of $7

D has no flaws as such and is the best answer.

E -as opposed to -is not the right idiom to describe comparison, unless the arms of the comparison are positioned opposite to the others physically? In a weird way, E may also give the feeling that the students were in fact opposed to the $7 per year.
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink] New post 21 Nov 2010, 17:54
raghavs wrote:
Most of Portugal’s 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a one-day strike to
protest a law that requires them to contribute $330 a year toward the cost of higher
education, previously paying $7 per year.

A. year toward the cost of higher education, previously paying $7 per year
B. year toward the cost of higher education, for which was previously paid $7 per
year
C. year, compared to the previously $7 per year, toward the cost of higher education
D. year toward the cost of higher education, instead of the $7 per year required
previously
E. year as opposed to the $7 per year required previously for the cost of higher
education


Though the right answer is D but sentence could have been lot better if "last year" would have used instead of previously.
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink] New post 22 Nov 2010, 01:34
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WashingtonGMAT wrote:
raghavs wrote:
Most of Portugal’s 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a one-day strike to
protest a law that requires them to contribute $330 a year toward the cost of higher
education, previously paying $7 per year.

A. year toward the cost of higher education, previously paying $7 per year
B. year toward the cost of higher education, for which was previously paid $7 per
year
C. year, compared to the previously $7 per year, toward the cost of higher education
D. year toward the cost of higher education, instead of the $7 per year required
previously
E. year as opposed to the $7 per year required previously for the cost of higher
education


Though the right answer is D but sentence could have been lot better if "last year" would have used instead of previously.


I used to think on similar lines previously. Apparently, GMAC knows this and lures students with wrong answers similar to the ones they expect.
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink] New post 22 Nov 2010, 12:52
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Hey guys,

An interesting point about your preference for "last year" over "previously" - the two mean significantly different things:

"Last year" is a fixed point in time
"Previously" means "beforehand" - it's not fixed and may well have been over a longer period than just that one year

What I mean is that "previously" has a proper use, just as "being" and other words that we tend to fear on the GMAT do. The key is to be systematic in eliminating the big-picture errors first, and then going down to the more stylistic, feel-based items. The GMAT loves to use your own inertia against you to reward "thinking" and "problem solving" over assumptions and quick feelings, so get used to seeing questions like this that try to get you to dislike a word or phrase that isn't really wrong.
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink] New post 22 Nov 2010, 20:08
VeritasPrepBrian wrote:
Hey guys,

An interesting point about your preference for "last year" over "previously" - the two mean significantly different things:

"Last year" is a fixed point in time
"Previously" means "beforehand" - it's not fixed and may well have been over a longer period than just that one year

What I mean is that "previously" has a proper use, just as "being" and other words that we tend to fear on the GMAT do. The key is to be systematic in eliminating the big-picture errors first, and then going down to the more stylistic, feel-based items. The GMAT loves to use your own inertia against you to reward "thinking" and "problem solving" over assumptions and quick feelings, so get used to seeing questions like this that try to get you to dislike a word or phrase that isn't really wrong.


Thank you for the tip Brian. I'll surely keep that in mind from now on.
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink] New post 24 Oct 2013, 11:48
"as opposed to" Vs "instead of"

Can someone please shed some light over the use of these 2 idioms. In this particular question, I didn't find "as opposed to" awkward.

"Instead of"gives the feeling that the $7 are totally removed and the $330 replaces it, while "as opposed to" gives the feeling of comparison.

Can anybody relate to that?
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink] New post 20 Nov 2013, 04:48
Can someone provide a detailed analysis for this question....
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink] New post 31 Mar 2014, 06:02
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink] New post 28 Jun 2014, 11:49
daagh wrote:
A says that the higher education was previously paying $7

B The phrase - for which was previously paid $7 per year - is too awkward to consider
In C - previously $7 per year - is grammatically wrong. Previously is an adverb and can not modify the noun of $7

D has no flaws as such and is the best answer.

E -as opposed to -is not the right idiom to describe comparison, unless the arms of the comparison are positioned opposite to the others physically? In a weird way, E may also give the feeling that the students were in fact opposed to the $7 per year.


Isn't the option (A). has a VERB-Ing modifier which modifies the whole clause and makes sense with the subject 'students'?

Previously paying $7 per year, the students blah blah blah.....

There should be some other error to reject (A).

Please advise !
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink] New post 29 Jun 2014, 23:04
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daagh wrote:
A says that the higher education was previously paying $7

B The phrase - for which was previously paid $7 per year - is too awkward to consider
In C - previously $7 per year - is grammatically wrong. Previously is an adverb and can not modify the noun of $7

D has no flaws as such and is the best answer.

E -as opposed to -is not the right idiom to describe comparison, unless the arms of the comparison are positioned opposite to the others physically? In a weird way, E may also give the feeling that the students were in fact opposed to the $7 per year.


Isn't the option (A). has a VERB-Ing modifier which modifies the whole clause and makes sense with the subject 'students'?

Previously paying $7 per year, the students blah blah blah.....

There should be some other error to reject (A).

Please advise !


In (A), the noun needs to be next to the modifier.

"previously paying $7 per year" - the question is - who was paying $7 per year? The students! So this modifier should be next to the students. Here it seems that the cost of higher education was previously paying $7 per year. Hence (A) is incorrect.
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink] New post 30 Jun 2014, 05:56
Thanks for the revert.

Isn't this modifier acting as VERB-ING modifier making sense with the subject of the previous clause?
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink] New post 30 Jun 2014, 10:26
Can someone provide more information about D vs. E?
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink] New post 30 Jun 2014, 19:30
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TGC wrote:
Thanks for the revert.

Isn't this modifier acting as VERB-ING modifier making sense with the subject of the previous clause?


No. Note the disconnect.

... students boycotted classes in a one-day strike to protest a law that ...

Now everything after 'that' is telling us more about that particular law.

What does the sentence tell us about the law? It tells us the following:
The law requires them to contribute $330 a year toward the cost of higher education, instead of the $7 per year required previously.

This modifies the law. A part of it cannot refer back to the students, a noun from which it is very far.
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink] New post 13 Jul 2014, 10:41
ronr34 wrote:
Can someone provide more information about D vs. E?


Reject E by comparing "...for the cost of higher education" vs. "for higher education". "For" has been used incorrectly.

Principle used: KISS (Keep It Simple)

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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink] New post 14 Jul 2014, 02:48
ronr34 wrote:
Can someone provide more information about D vs. E?

With E, the sentence would be:

Most of Portugal’s 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a one-day strike to protest a law that requires them to contribute $330 a year as opposed to the $7 per year required previously for the cost of higher education

At the very least, this has a meaning ambiguity, since this could suggest that $7 per year was required previously for the cost of higher education.

This is clearly absurd meaning, since cost of higher education is not $7; the contribution towards cost of higher education was $7.
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink] New post 14 Jul 2014, 15:22
felt that 'required previously' was awkward :s
Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted   [#permalink] 14 Jul 2014, 15:22
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