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Most of Portugal's 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a

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Most of Portugal's 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 13 Dec 2018, 03:54
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1
96
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A
B
C
D
E

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Most of Portugal's 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a one-day strike to protest a law that requires them to contribute $330 a year toward the cost of higher education, previously paying $7 per year.


A. year toward the cost of higher education, previously paying $7 per year

B. year toward the cost of higher education, for which was previously paid $7 per year

C. year, compared to the previously $7 per year, toward the cost of higher education

D. year toward the cost of higher education, instead of the $7 per year required previously

E. year as opposed to the $7 per year required previously for the cost of higher education

Originally posted by jzchina on 13 May 2006, 21:20.
Last edited by Bunuel on 13 Dec 2018, 03:54, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: Most of Portugal's 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Nov 2010, 09:02
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A says that the higher education was previously paying $7

B The phrase - for which was previously paid $7 per year - is too awkward to consider
In C - previously $7 per year - is grammatically wrong. Previously is an adverb and can not modify the noun of $7

D has no flaws as such and is the best answer.

E -as opposed to -is not the right idiom to describe comparison, unless the arms of the comparison are positioned opposite to the others physically? In a weird way, E may also give the feeling that the students were in fact opposed to the $7 per year.
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Re: Most of Portugal's 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jan 2008, 03:49
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I would go for D

Most of Portugal’s 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a one-day strike to
protest a law that requires them to contribute $330 a year toward the cost of higher
education, previously paying $7 per year.

A. year toward the cost of higher education, previously paying $7 per year
previously paying modifies law not students, therefore incorrect

B. year toward the cost of higher education, for which was previously paid $7 per
year
Passive voice also distort the meaning

C. year, compared to the previously $7 per year, toward the cost of higher education
previously is an adverb . can't modify 7$ a year which is a noun

D. year toward the cost of higher education, instead of the $7 per year required
previously
CORRECT 7$ is correctly compared to the new 330$

E. year as opposed to the $7 per year required previously for the cost of higher
education
This is a good one and could be a choice BUT cost of higher education only modifies the 7$ paid in previous year and doesn't modify the currect 330$. I believe that phrase as opposed to the $7 per year required previously should be in commas
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Re: Most of Portugal's 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a  [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2006, 23:08
Prof could you please explain why 'compared to' is wrong...

Thanks in advance.
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Re: Most of Portugal's 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a  [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2006, 06:23
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mahesh004 wrote:
Prof could you please explain why 'compared to' is wrong...


"compare to" is used to compare unlike things and "compare with" for similar or like things. here the comparision is between like things. therefore it is wrong.
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Re: Most of Portugal's 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2008, 16:15
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I believe the answer is D.

Reasoning:
There are no grammatical flaws in sentences D or E that I notice. I even believe that sentence E sounds better because it goes along with the sentence. Students boycotting, leads you to believe that the new amount of money that students are forced to pay opposes the old amount.

However, putting "as opposed to" into the sentence changes the meaning of the original. The original only indicates that there are new amounts to be paid. It doesn't offer that the amounts are "opposing" each other
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Re: Most of Portugal's 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2008, 19:07
shouldn't we have "towards" instead of "toward" here ? sm1 pls. throw some light on this.
E eliminates the word "toward" here, therefore IMO E is correct.
what do you say guys ?
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Re: Most of Portugal's 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2008, 21:21
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Quote:
shouldn't we have "towards" instead of "toward" here ? sm1 pls. throw some light on this.
E eliminates the word "toward" here, therefore IMO E is correct.
what do you say guys ?


I actually thought this at first so I looked it up.

Toward and Towards are interchangable. Toward is usually used in America where towards is usually used in Britain.
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Re: Most of Portugal's 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Nov 2010, 18:54
raghavs wrote:
Most of Portugal’s 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a one-day strike to
protest a law that requires them to contribute $330 a year toward the cost of higher
education, previously paying $7 per year.

A. year toward the cost of higher education, previously paying $7 per year
B. year toward the cost of higher education, for which was previously paid $7 per
year
C. year, compared to the previously $7 per year, toward the cost of higher education
D. year toward the cost of higher education, instead of the $7 per year required
previously
E. year as opposed to the $7 per year required previously for the cost of higher
education


Though the right answer is D but sentence could have been lot better if "last year" would have used instead of previously.
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Re: Most of Portugal's 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Nov 2010, 02:34
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WashingtonGMAT wrote:
raghavs wrote:
Most of Portugal’s 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a one-day strike to
protest a law that requires them to contribute $330 a year toward the cost of higher
education, previously paying $7 per year.

A. year toward the cost of higher education, previously paying $7 per year
B. year toward the cost of higher education, for which was previously paid $7 per
year
C. year, compared to the previously $7 per year, toward the cost of higher education
D. year toward the cost of higher education, instead of the $7 per year required
previously
E. year as opposed to the $7 per year required previously for the cost of higher
education


Though the right answer is D but sentence could have been lot better if "last year" would have used instead of previously.


I used to think on similar lines previously. Apparently, GMAC knows this and lures students with wrong answers similar to the ones they expect.
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Re: Most of Portugal's 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Nov 2010, 13:52
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Hey guys,

An interesting point about your preference for "last year" over "previously" - the two mean significantly different things:

"Last year" is a fixed point in time
"Previously" means "beforehand" - it's not fixed and may well have been over a longer period than just that one year

What I mean is that "previously" has a proper use, just as "being" and other words that we tend to fear on the GMAT do. The key is to be systematic in eliminating the big-picture errors first, and then going down to the more stylistic, feel-based items. The GMAT loves to use your own inertia against you to reward "thinking" and "problem solving" over assumptions and quick feelings, so get used to seeing questions like this that try to get you to dislike a word or phrase that isn't really wrong.
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Re: Most of Portugal's 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2013, 07:17
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Here comes in handy the split : toward VS the rest

So A B and C go out right away (toward makes any sense)

E is ackward and redundant (per year and previously basically are the same thing

D just to check: the meaning of the sentence is to hvae 300$ in sostitution of 7 payed before (instead of is used just for this purpose)

D is the answer.

PS: is not a good question after all, I suppose is not from official material
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Re: Most of Portugal's 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2013, 11:18
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carcass wrote:
Here comes in handy the split : toward VS the rest

So A B and C go out right away (toward makes any sense)

E is ackward and redundant (per year and previously basically are the same thing

D just to check: the meaning of the sentence is to hvae 300$ in sostitution of 7 payed before (instead of is used just for this purpose)

D is the answer.

PS: is not a good question after all, I suppose is not from official material


Idiom tested here is "contribute to/toward" v/s "contribute for"
And the correct idiom is "contribute to X".

Per year and previously are not same thing. So we can't eliminate E based on this.

I was actually confused between C and D. But we use "compared to" to draw similarity between different things. So use of "compared to" in C is incorrect.
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Re: Most of Portugal's 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Feb 2014, 04:43
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A. year toward the cost of higher education, previously paying $7 per year "previously paying" is a modifier but a comparative clause is needed. Otherwise, "previously paying" conveys an effect of the action in the main clause OR modifying the law OR modifying the university students.

B. year toward the cost of higher education, for which was previously paid $7 per year A comparative clause is needed to complete the comparison between today's cost and yesterday's cost; "for which" modifies "the cost" and is not the correct way to construct a comparison.

C. year, compared to the previously $7 per year, toward the cost of higher education Not a correction construction for a comparison since the comparative clause is embedded as a non-essential phrase


D. year toward the cost of higher education, instead of the $7 per year required previously OK - x instead of y idiom logically completes the comparison

E. year as opposed to the $7 per year required previously for the cost of higher education Not a correction construction of comparison; "for the cost of higher education" must follow "year" as modifier does not distribute backwards. The comparison is now "$330 a year" and "$7 per year...for the cost of higher eduction."
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Re: Most of Portugal's 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2014, 12:49
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daagh wrote:
A says that the higher education was previously paying $7

B The phrase - for which was previously paid $7 per year - is too awkward to consider
In C - previously $7 per year - is grammatically wrong. Previously is an adverb and can not modify the noun of $7

D has no flaws as such and is the best answer.

E -as opposed to -is not the right idiom to describe comparison, unless the arms of the comparison are positioned opposite to the others physically? In a weird way, E may also give the feeling that the students were in fact opposed to the $7 per year.


Isn't the option (A). has a VERB-Ing modifier which modifies the whole clause and makes sense with the subject 'students'?

Previously paying $7 per year, the students blah blah blah.....

There should be some other error to reject (A).

Please advise !
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Re: Most of Portugal's 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2014, 00:04
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TGC wrote:
daagh wrote:
A says that the higher education was previously paying $7

B The phrase - for which was previously paid $7 per year - is too awkward to consider
In C - previously $7 per year - is grammatically wrong. Previously is an adverb and can not modify the noun of $7

D has no flaws as such and is the best answer.

E -as opposed to -is not the right idiom to describe comparison, unless the arms of the comparison are positioned opposite to the others physically? In a weird way, E may also give the feeling that the students were in fact opposed to the $7 per year.


Isn't the option (A). has a VERB-Ing modifier which modifies the whole clause and makes sense with the subject 'students'?

Previously paying $7 per year, the students blah blah blah.....

There should be some other error to reject (A).

Please advise !


In (A), the noun needs to be next to the modifier.

"previously paying $7 per year" - the question is - who was paying $7 per year? The students! So this modifier should be next to the students. Here it seems that the cost of higher education was previously paying $7 per year. Hence (A) is incorrect.
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Re: Most of Portugal's 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2014, 06:56
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Thanks for the revert.

Isn't this modifier acting as VERB-ING modifier making sense with the subject of the previous clause?
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New post 30 Jun 2014, 11:26
Can someone provide more information about D vs. E?
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Re: Most of Portugal's 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2014, 20:30
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TGC wrote:
Thanks for the revert.

Isn't this modifier acting as VERB-ING modifier making sense with the subject of the previous clause?


No. Note the disconnect.

... students boycotted classes in a one-day strike to protest a law that ...

Now everything after 'that' is telling us more about that particular law.

What does the sentence tell us about the law? It tells us the following:
The law requires them to contribute $330 a year toward the cost of higher education, instead of the $7 per year required previously.

This modifies the law. A part of it cannot refer back to the students, a noun from which it is very far.
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Re: Most of Portugal's 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jul 2014, 03:48
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ronr34 wrote:
Can someone provide more information about D vs. E?

With E, the sentence would be:

Most of Portugal’s 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a one-day strike to protest a law that requires them to contribute $330 a year as opposed to the $7 per year required previously for the cost of higher education

At the very least, this has a meaning ambiguity, since this could suggest that $7 per year was required previously for the cost of higher education.

This is clearly absurd meaning, since cost of higher education is not $7; the contribution towards cost of higher education was $7.
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